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Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) on battery waste in India and future sustainability


Extended Producer Responsibility or EPR is an environmental policy approach that places the responsibility for a product’s end-of-life management on the producer rather than the consumer or local governments. This concept aims to promote the sustainable disposal and recycling of products, reduce environmental impacts, and encourage manufacturers to consider the entire lifecycle of their products. In India, EPR has gained prominence in addressing the growing concern of battery waste management. This blog explores the significance of EPR in managing battery waste in India and its potential impact on future sustainability.

Battery Waste in India

India is experiencing a surge in the use of batteries, particularly in the form of portable electronics, electric vehicles (EVs), and renewable energy systems. While batteries play a crucial role in modern life, their disposal poses a significant environmental challenge. The improper disposal of batteries may result in soil and water contamination, pose health hazards, and contribute to resource depletion. India’s battery waste problem is exacerbated by factors such as the absence of a well-structured recycling system, informal recycling practices, and a lack of awareness among consumers.

Importance of EPR

EPR is a practical approach to tackle battery waste issues in India for several reasons:


EPR assigns the responsibility for the management of a product’s end-of-life phase to the producer, thereby encouraging manufacturers to design products that are more sustainable and easier to recycle.

Resource Conservation:

EPR promotes resource conservation by encouraging the reuse and recycling of materials from old batteries, reducing the demand for virgin resources.

Environmental Protection:

Proper disposal and recycling of batteries under EPR programs may significantly minimise the environmental impact of hazardous materials present in batteries.

Regulatory Compliance:

EPR regulations encourage compliance with environmental laws and regulations, ensuring that batteries are managed in an eco-friendly manner.

EPR Implementation in India

The Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEF&CC) in India notified the E-waste Management Rules in 2016, which included provisions for EPR. These rules aimed to streamline electronic waste management, including batteries, and introduced the concept of EPR for producers of electronic and electrical equipment. Manufacturers and importers were mandated to manage the end-of-life disposal of their products, including batteries.

The Battery Waste Management Industry Working Group (BWIWG) was formed to develop and implement battery EPR guidelines in India. This group comprises various stakeholders, including battery manufacturers, recyclers, and government representatives. The guidelines provided by BWIWG outline the roles and responsibilities of producers, recyclers, and other stakeholders in managing battery waste.

Challenges and Opportunities

EPR implementation for battery waste in India faces several challenges:

Informal Sector:

The informal sector manages a significant portion of battery waste in India, which often employs hazardous and environmentally harmful practices. Encouraging these workers to participate in formal recycling processes and providing them with training and safety measures is challenging.

Consumer Awareness:

Many consumers are unaware of the environmental implications of improper battery disposal. Creating awareness and educating consumers about recycling options and proper disposal is essential.


India lacks adequate infrastructure for battery collection and recycling. Building a robust collection and recycling network is vital for EPR’s success.

Despite these challenges, EPR presents various opportunities:

Economic Growth:

EPR can stimulate the growth of the battery recycling industry, creating jobs and fostering economic development.


The need for sustainable battery disposal and recycling processes can drive innovation in the industry, leading to new technologies and practices.

Environmental Benefits:

Proper battery waste management can help reduce pollution and protect natural resources, contributing to India’s sustainability goals.

Future Sustainability

EPR on battery waste in India holds great potential for advancing sustainability. Here are some ways in which EPR can contribute to India’s sustainable future:

Circular Economy:

EPR fosters a circular economy where resources are conserved, and waste is minimised. This aligns with sustainability principles, reducing the need for resource extraction and waste disposal.

Reduced Pollution:

Effective battery waste management through EPR can significantly reduce pollution, ensuring cleaner air, water, and soil.

Resource Efficiency:

Recycling and reusing materials from old batteries conserve resources, reducing environmental degradation and promoting sustainable resource management.

Green Technologies:

EPR can encourage the development of green technologies for battery recycling, which can have applications beyond waste management, contributing to a sustainable technology ecosystem.

Climate Mitigation:

With the development of electric vehicles (EVs) and renewable energy systems in India, responsible battery waste management becomes crucial in mitigating climate change impacts.


Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) for battery waste management is a promising strategy to overcome the environmental challenges posed by the increasing use of batteries in India. EPR promotes sustainable practices, resource conservation, and environmental protection by holding producers accountable for their products throughout their lifecycle. However, its successful implementation depends on addressing challenges such as the informal sector, lack of consumer awareness, and the need for better infrastructure.

EPR for battery waste can significantly contribute to India’s sustainability goals by fostering a circular economy, reducing pollution, promoting resource efficiency, and encouraging the development of green technologies. As India continues to grow and modernise, responsible battery waste management will be essential to its journey toward a more sustainable and eco-friendly future.

Diksha Khiatani

A writer by day and a reader at night. Emerging from an Engineering background, Diksha has completed her M. Tech in Computer Science field. Being passionate about writing, she started her career as a Writer. She finds it interesting and always grabs time to research and write about Environmental laws and compliances. With extensive knowledge on content writing, she has been delivering high-quality write-ups. Besides, you will often find her with a novel and a cuppa!