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Government Policies and Regulations Regarding Tyre Scrap Import in India

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Tyre Scrap Import in India

With its rapidly growing economy, India faces the challenge of managing various types of waste generated across industries. One significant concern is the disposal and management of scrap tyres, which pose environmental hazards if improperly handled. To address this issue, the Indian government has implemented policies and rules to regulate the import of tyre scrap. This blog explores the current government policies and regulations regarding tyre scrap imports in India.

Hazardous & Other Wastes (Management and Transboundary Movement) (HOWM) Rules, 2016:

The primary regulatory framework governing the import of tyre scrap in India is the Hazardous & Other Wastes (Management & Transboundary Movement) (HOWM) Rules, 2016. These rules fall under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, and are administered by the Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEF&CC). The rules aim to ensure the environmentally sound management of hazardous and other wastes, including scrap tyres.

Under these rules, waste import, including tyre scrap, is allowed only for recycling or reuse purposes. The importer must obtain authorisation from the concerned authorities, and the shipment must comply with the specified conditions to prevent environmental pollution.

Prior Informed Consent (PIC) Procedure:

The import of waste, including tyre scrap, is subject to the Prior Informed Consent or PIC procedure, as outlined in the Basel Convention on the Control (BC) of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes (HWs) and Their Disposal. India is a party to the Basel Convention, and the PIC procedure ensures that the exporting country informs the importing country about the nature of the waste, its potential hazards, and the conditions for environmentally sound management.

Importers of tyre scrap must adhere to the PIC procedure, and shipments can only be accepted after obtaining consent from the relevant authorities in both the exporting and importing countries.

Customs Tariffs and Import Duties:

Apart from environmental regulations, importers of tyre scrap in India must also comply with customs tariffs and import duties. The government may impose specific duties and taxes on the import of waste materials to regulate their inflow and promote responsible waste management practices.

Importers should know the tariff codes for tyre scrap and pay the requisite duties to facilitate smooth customs clearance. The customs department must ensure that imported tyre scrap meets the specified regulatory standards.

Guidelines for Environmentally Sound Management:

To further enhance the regulation of tyre scrap imports, the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has framed guidelines for the environmentally sound management of waste tyres. These guidelines provide a comprehensive framework for recycling and processing scrap tyres, emphasising the need for sustainable and eco-friendly practices.

Importers are encouraged to adopt technologies and processes that minimise environmental impact, promote resource recovery, and ensure the safe disposal of residual waste. Compliance with these guidelines is essential for importers to contribute to India’s efforts in sustainable waste management.

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) Initiatives:

In recent years, the Indian government has been promoting Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) initiatives to hold producers and importers accountable for the entire lifecycle of their products, including end-of-life disposal. This approach encourages importers of tyre scrap to take accountability for properly recycling and disposal of the tyres they bring into the country.

Importers are expected to collaborate with authorised recyclers and waste management facilities to guarantee that the imported tyre scrap is treated in an environmentally friendly manner, aligning with the principles of EPR.

Conclusion

The Indian government’s policies and regulations regarding the import of tyre scrap demonstrate a commitment to addressing environmental challenges and promoting sustainable waste management practices. Importers are crucial in ensuring compliance with these regulations, including obtaining necessary authorisations, adhering to the PIC procedure, and adopting environmentally sound management practices.

By integrating environmental considerations into the importation and disposal of tyre scrap, India aims to strike a balance between environmental conservation and economic development, fostering a circular economy that minimises the environmental footprint of waste materials. Importers and stakeholders in the tyre industry must stay abreast of evolving regulations to contribute effectively to India’s journey towards a more sustainable and responsible waste management system.

Diksha Khiatani

A writer by day and a reader at night. Emerging from an Engineering background, Diksha has completed her M. Tech in Computer Science field. Being passionate about writing, she started her career as a Writer. She finds it interesting and always grabs time to research and write about Environmental laws and compliances. With extensive knowledge on content writing, she has been delivering high-quality write-ups. Besides, you will often find her with a novel and a cuppa!