You are currently viewing How to import lead acid batteries in India for recycling

How to import lead acid batteries in India for recycling


Importing lead acid batteries for recycling in India involves several steps and considerations due to environmental regulations and safety concerns. This blog will provide a comprehensive process overview, including legal requirements, documentation, and best practices. The blog covers all the essential aspects of the topic.

1. Understand the Legal and Regulatory Framework

Before importing lead acid batteries for recycling in India, it is important to comprehend the regulatory and legal framework governing the importation and recycling of hazardous waste materials. The key legislation governing hazardous waste management in India is the Hazardous & Other Wastes (Management and Transboundary Movement) (HOWM) Rules, 2016.

2. Obtain Necessary Permissions and Licenses

To import lead-acid batteries for recycling, you must obtain the necessary licenses and permissions from the relevant authorities. Here are the essential steps:

  • Apply for Authorisation: As a hazardous waste generator or importer from your respective state’s State Pollution Control Board (SPCB) or Pollution Control Committee (PCC). This authorisation will allow you to handle and transport hazardous waste legally.
  • Obtain Importer-Exporter Code (IEC): You must obtain an Importer-Exporter Code (IEC) from the Directorate General of Foreign Trade or the DGFT to engage in international trade, including importing hazardous waste.
  • Hazardous Waste Transporter Registration: If you plan to transport the batteries within India, you may need to register as a hazardous waste transporter with the relevant SPCB or PCC.
  • Customs Clearance: Ensure you comply with customs procedures for importing hazardous waste materials. You may require specific customs documentation for clearance.

3. Battery Collection and Transportation

Once you have obtained the necessary permissions and licenses, you can start collecting and transporting the lead acid batteries for recycling. Here are the steps involved:

  • Battery Collection: Establish a network for collecting used lead acid batteries. You can partner with automobile workshops, recycling centres, and battery retailers to gather the batteries.
  • Battery Storage: Store the collected batteries in a secure, designated area that meets safety and environmental standards. Ensure the storage area is equipped to handle any leaks or spills.
  • Transportation: Hire a licensed hazardous waste transporter to transport the batteries to the recycling facility. Ensure that the transporter complies with safety and environmental regulations during transportation.

4. Choose a Licensed Recycling Facility

Select a licensed recycling facility that specialises in lead acid battery recycling. Verify the facility’s credentials and ensure it holds all the permits and approvals from the environmental authorities.

5. Prepare documentation

Proper documentation is crucial when importing lead-acid batteries for recycling. Ensure that you have the following documents in order:

  • Bill of Entry: This document is essential for customs clearance and details the imported goods, including quantity, value, and origin.
  • Hazardous Waste Authorisation: Present your hazardous waste authorisation from the SPCB or PCC to customs authorities.
  • Transporter Manifest: Provide a hazardous waste transporter manifest detailing the quantity and type of batteries transported and the destination recycling facility.
  • Certificate of Recycling: Obtain a certificate from the recycling facility confirming that the batteries have been recycled in an environmentally sound manner.

6. Ensure Safe Handling and Storage

Throughout the importation process, prioritise safety and environmental protection. Here are some key considerations:

  •  Safety Measures: Implement safety measures to prevent accidents, spills, or leaks during battery collection, transportation, and storage. This includes providing training to personnel involved in handling hazardous waste.
  • Storage Facility: Ensure the storage facility has spill containment systems, fire protection equipment, and adequate ventilation.
  •  Environmental Compliance: Comply with environmental standards and regulations to minimise environmental impact.

7. Monitor and Recordkeeping

Maintain thorough records of lead-acid batteries’ importation, transportation, and recycling. This includes records of quantities, dates, and destinations. Regularly monitor the condition of the batteries during storage and transportation.

8. Environmental Responsibilities

After the recycling process is complete, it’s essential to fulfil your environmental responsibilities, which may include:

  • Proper Disposal of Residues: Ensure that any residual materials from the recycling process, such as lead slag, are disposed of following hazardous waste regulations.
  • Environmental Compliance Reporting: Submit regular reports to the SPCB or PCC regarding importing and recycling lead acid batteries, as required by the Hazardous and Other Wastes (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016.

9. Public Awareness and Education

Promote public awareness about the importance of recycling lead acid batteries and the hazards of improper disposal. Educate consumers and businesses about the proper disposal channels for used batteries.

10. Continuous Improvement

Regularly review and improve your lead acid battery recycling processes to enhance safety, efficiency, and environmental performance. Stay updated on modifications in regulations and adapt your practices accordingly.


In conclusion, importing lead-acid batteries for recycling in India is a complex process that requires compliance with environmental regulations and safety measures. By obtaining the necessary permissions and licenses, partnering with licensed recycling facilities, and following best practices for handling hazardous waste, you can contribute to sustainable battery recycling while minimising environmental impact.

Diksha Khiatani

A writer by day and a reader at night. Emerging from an Engineering background, Diksha has completed her M. Tech in Computer Science field. Being passionate about writing, she started her career as a Writer. She finds it interesting and always grabs time to research and write about Environmental laws and compliances. With extensive knowledge on content writing, she has been delivering high-quality write-ups. Besides, you will often find her with a novel and a cuppa!