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Income Tax on Pension: Taxation for Various Pension Schemes and Annuities

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  • Post published:December 10, 2023
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Last Updated on December 10, 2023 by Sumitha

Income Tax on Pension

Retirement marks a significant life transition, and understanding the taxation of various pension schemes and annuities is crucial for retirees. In this article, we will delve into the intricacies of income tax on pensions, focusing on different schemes such as the Superannuation Fund, Employees’ Pension Scheme 1995, Jeevan Suraksha policy, and Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana.

Taxation of Pension from Superannuation Fund

If you were employed in the private sector and are now receiving a monthly pension from the Superannuation Fund managed by LIC, the income tax laws categorize this under the head “Salaries.” This classification is because the contribution to the superannuation fund was made by your employer during your employment. Therefore, the pension received from this fund is treated as part of your employment income and is subject to taxation under the head “Salaries.”

Moreover, as a retiree, you can benefit from a standard deduction of up to ₹50,000 against your taxable pension income. This deduction is applicable even if you are in receipt of a pension in connection with your past employment, providing relief for retirees.

Taxation of Pension under Employees’ Pension Scheme 1995

Similar to the Superannuation Fund, if you receive a monthly pension from the Employees’ Pension Scheme 1995, it is also taxed under the head “Salaries.” This is because the pension is a result of the contributions made by your employer to this scheme during your employment tenure. The standard deduction of ₹50,000 is applicable in this case as well, offering a tax benefit for retirees.

Pension from Jeevan Suraksha Policy and Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana

In contrast to the pensions mentioned earlier, if you receive a monthly instalment from LIC regarding your Jeevan Suraksha policy or Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana, the taxation differs. These pensions are categorized under the head “Income from other sources” since they do not have any connection with your past employment. As such, they are subject to taxation separately under this head.

It’s important to note that no standard deduction of ₹50,000 is available against the pension received from these insurance products. Therefore, the entire amount of these pensions is considered taxable income.


In conclusion, understanding the taxation of various pension schemes is essential for retirees to manage their finances effectively. The categorization of pensions under specific heads, such as “Salaries” or “Income from other sources”, determines the applicable tax treatment. Additionally, the availability of a standard deduction of ₹50,000 provides a beneficial avenue for reducing the taxable income for retirees receiving pensions in connection with their past employment. By navigating these taxation nuances, retirees can optimize their financial planning and ensure compliance with income tax regulations.

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