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Legal and Regulatory Aspects of Glass Scrap Import in India


Legal and Regulatory Aspects of Glass Scrap Import in India Importing glass scrap into India is subject to several legal requirements and regulations, including permits, licenses, and environmental compliance. These regulations are in place to ensure that the importation and processing of glass scrap do not harm the environment, public health, or national interests. In this comprehensive blog, we will analyse the key legal requirements and regulations governing the import of glass scrap in India.

1. Importer Exporter Code (IEC):

  • Before importing glass scrap into India, an Importer Exporter Code (IEC) is required. The IEC is a unique 10-digit code issued by the Directorate General of Foreign Trade or DGFT, Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Government of India. It is mandatory for any person or entity wishing to engage in import or export activities in India.

2. Registration with the Central Excise Department:

  • Glass scrap is classified under the Central Excise Tariff Heading 2517. To import glass scrap into India, an importer must register with the Central Excise Department, which is now subsumed under the Goods & Services Tax (GST) regime. Registration under the GST is mandatory for businesses involved in importing goods.

3. Environmental Clearance:

  • To ensure that the importation of glass scrap does not harm the environment, an importer must obtain environmental clearance or EC from the Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEFCC). The clearance process involves an assessment of the potential environmental impact of the importation and processing of glass scrap. The exact requirements and procedures for obtaining environmental clearance may vary depending on the specific project and location, and it’s advisable to consult with the appropriate state or central environmental authorities for guidance.

4. Customs Duties and Tariffs:

  • Importing glass scrap into India is subject to customs duties and tariffs. The applicable customs duties can vary based on factors such as the type of glass scrap, its value, and the country of origin. Importers should refer to the Customs Tariff Act and consult the Directorate General of Customs to determine the specific rates and conditions that apply.

5. Quality Control and Safety Standards:

  • Glass scrap imported into India must meet certain quality and safety standards. The Bureau of Indian Standards, or BIS, is the national body responsible for the formulation and certification of Indian standards. Importers should ensure that the imported glass scrap complies with BIS standards to avoid legal issues.

6. Hazardous and Other Waste (HOW) Regulations:

  • Glass scrap, depending on its source and composition, may be classified as hazardous waste. Hazardous waste is subject to stricter regulations and requires additional permits and approvals. The importation, handling, and disposal of hazardous waste must comply with the Hazardous & Other Wastes (Management & Transboundary Movement) (HOWM) Rules, 2016. Importers must classify the glass scrap correctly and adhere to these rules to avoid legal repercussions.

7. Import Restrictions and Licensing:

  • The importation of certain types of glass scrap may be subject to restrictions and licensing requirements. Importers should consult the Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) to determine if any specific limitations or licensing conditions apply to the type of glass scrap they intend to import.

8. Licensing and Permits:

Depending on the nature of the glass scrap and its intended use, importers may need to obtain many licenses & permits, including but not limited to:
  • Importer Exporter Code (IEC): As mentioned earlier, the IEC is a fundamental requirement for all importers.
  • Import License: In some cases, specific types of glass scrap may require an import license. Importers should check with the DGFT to see if their imports fall under this category.
  • Hazardous Waste Import/Transportation Permit: If the glass scrap is classified as hazardous waste, importers must obtain the necessary permits from the respective State Pollution Control Board or Pollution Control Committee.
  • Pollution Control Board Authorisation: Importers must obtain Authorisation from the State Pollution Control Board to ensure proper handling, storage, and disposal of waste generated from the processing of glass scrap.
  • Customs Clearance: Importers must file a bill of entry and obtain customs clearance for their imports. Compliance with customs regulations is essential.

9. Waste Management and Handling Regulations:

  • The handling and disposal of glass scrap in India are subject to the Municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000. These rules outline the proper methods for waste collection, segregation, storage, transportation, and disposal. Importers must follow these rules to manage glass scrap responsibly and avoid legal issues.

10. Transboundary Movement Regulations:

  • When importing glass scrap from other countries, it is essential to comply with the Basel Convention (BC) on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes (HWs) and their Disposal. India is a party to this convention, which regulates the transboundary movement of hazardous waste to protect human health and the environment.

11. Waste Minimisation and Recycling Obligations:

  • The importation and processing of glass scrap in India may be subject to waste minimisation and recycling obligations. These obligations are designed to promote sustainable waste management practices. Importers must explore opportunities for waste minimisation and recycling, as mandated by the relevant environmental authorities.

12. Customs Documentation:

  • Importers must provide accurate and complete customs documentation, including a bill of entry and relevant supporting documents such as invoices, packing lists, and certificates of origin. Inaccurate or incomplete documentation can lead to customs issues and delays in the clearance of glass scrap.

13. Compliance with Environmental Regulations:

  • Importers must comply with various environmental regulations to ensure that the importation and processing of glass scrap do not harm the environment. These regulations may include air and water quality standards, noise pollution limits, and the management of waste generated during the processing of glass scrap.

14. Occupational Health and Safety Regulations:

  • To safeguard workers’ safety and health involved in the handling and processing of glass scrap, importers must adhere to occupational health & safety regulations. This involves offering appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) and ensuring workers are trained in safe handling practices.

15. Importer’s Responsibility:

  • Importers are ultimately responsible for ensuring all legal requirements and regulations are met. It is vital to perform thorough due diligence, including understanding the specific needs for the type of glass scrap being imported and the location where it will be processed.

16. Penalties for Non-Compliance:

Failure to comply with the legal requirements and regulations governing the import of glass scrap in India can result in severe consequences, including:
  • Fines and penalties
  • Confiscation of the imported glass scrap
  • Revocation of licenses and permits
  • Legal action and prosecution
  • Damage to the importer’s reputation

To avoid these penalties, importers should invest time and resources in understanding and complying with the applicable laws and regulations.


Importing glass scrap into India involves navigating a complex regulatory framework encompassing customs, environmental, safety, and waste management regulations. Compliance with these requirements is vital to avoid legal issues and safeguard the environment and public health. Importers must obtain the necessary permits and licenses, ensure compliance with environmental and waste management regulations, and uphold occupational health and safety standards. Understanding the specific requirements for the type of glass scrap being imported and the location where it will be processed is crucial. Importers should also keep up-to-date with any regulation changes and seek legal counsel or regulatory guidance when necessary to ensure a smooth and legally compliant importation process.

Diksha Khiatani

A writer by day and a reader at night. Emerging from an Engineering background, Diksha has completed her M. Tech in Computer Science field. Being passionate about writing, she started her career as a Writer. She finds it interesting and always grabs time to research and write about Environmental laws and compliances. With extensive knowledge on content writing, she has been delivering high-quality write-ups. Besides, you will often find her with a novel and a cuppa!