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Navigating Post-Market Surveillance: Ensuring Compliance with CDSCO Requirements


Ensuring Compliance with CDSCO Requirements

Post-market surveillance (PMS) is critical to promising the safety and efficacy of medical devices in the Indian market. The Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) mandates stringent requirements for PMS to monitor and analyse the performance of medical devices after they enter the market. In this blog, we will explore the key post-market surveillance requirements set by CDSCO and discuss effective strategies that businesses can implement to ensure ongoing compliance and maintain high-quality assurance standards.

Understanding CDSCO Post-Market Surveillance Requirements

CDSCO, as the regulatory body for medical devices in India, outlines comprehensive post-market surveillance requirements to safeguard public health. These requirements include:

Periodic Safety Update Reports (PSURs): Manufacturers must submit PSURs at predefined intervals, summarising the safety and performance data of their medical devices. These reports help CDSCO assess the risk-benefit profile and identify any emerging safety concerns.

Adverse Event Reporting: Companies are obligated to report adverse events related to their medical devices promptly. Timely reporting ensures quick intervention if safety issues arise, contributing to the overall risk management process.

Field Safety Corrective Actions (FSCA): In case of defects, non-compliance, or safety concerns, manufacturers must implement FSCAs to rectify issues and prevent harm to patients. CDSCO requires prompt communication and coordination with relevant stakeholders during these corrective actions.

Complaint Handling: Efficient complaint-handling processes are essential. Manufacturers must establish systems to collect, analyse, and respond to complaints, ensuring continuous improvement and adherence to quality standards.

Implementing Effective Strategies for Ongoing Compliance

Establish Robust Internal Processes:

  • Develop a comprehensive PMS plan that aligns with CDSCO requirements.
  • Designate a responsible team to oversee PMS activities, ensuring clear roles and responsibilities.
  • Establish effective complaint-handling procedures, emphasising transparency and accountability.

Implement a Vigilance System:

  • Develop a vigilance system to identify and assess potential risks proactively.
  • Conduct regular risk assessments to evaluate the impact of identified risks on patient safety.
  • Implement preventive measures based on risk assessments to mitigate potential issues.

Training and Awareness Programs:

  • Conduct regular training programs to educate staff about PMS requirements and procedures.
  • Foster a culture of awareness and accountability to ensure all employees contribute to PMS activities.

Adopt Technology for Data Management:

  • Utilise robust data management systems to streamline the collection, analysis, and reporting of safety and performance data.
  • Implement data analytics tools to identify trends, enabling proactive decision-making.

Timely Reporting and Communication:

  • Ensure timely submission of PSURs and adverse event reports to CDSCO.
  • Establish effective communication channels with regulatory authorities, healthcare professionals, and consumers to share relevant safety information.

Collaborate with Stakeholders:

  • Foster collaboration with healthcare professionals, distributors, and other stakeholders to gather valuable insights.
  • Engage in regular communication to address concerns, share information, and enhance the overall safety ecosystem.

Continuous Monitoring and Evaluation:

  • Implement continuous monitoring mechanisms to track the performance of medical devices in the market.
  • Regularly evaluate the effectiveness of implemented corrective actions and make improvements as needed.

Audit and Self-Assessment:

  • Conduct internal audits to assess compliance with PMS requirements and identify areas for improvement.
  • Perform periodic self-assessments to ensure ongoing adherence to regulatory standards.


Ensuring post-market surveillance compliance with CDSCO requirements is integral for businesses operating in the Indian medical device market. By establishing robust internal processes, adopting technology for data management, and fostering a culture of vigilance, companies can navigate the complex landscape of post-market surveillance effectively. Collaboration with stakeholders, timely reporting, and continuous monitoring are key elements in maintaining ongoing compliance and enhancing the safety and performance of medical devices. As the regulatory landscape evolves, businesses must remain adaptable and proactive to meet the ever-changing demands of post-market surveillance and contribute to improving healthcare quality and patient outcomes.

Diksha Khiatani

A writer by day and a reader at night. Emerging from an Engineering background, Diksha has completed her M. Tech in Computer Science field. Being passionate about writing, she started her career as a Writer. She finds it interesting and always grabs time to research and write about Environmental laws and compliances. With extensive knowledge on content writing, she has been delivering high-quality write-ups. Besides, you will often find her with a novel and a cuppa!