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Tax Free Life Insurance Buying: A Strategic Guide


Buying Life Insurance

Life insurance has long been a popular tool for securing financial stability for oneself and one’s loved ones. With the recent changes in the tax regime outlined by the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) in the Budget of 2023, a shift has occurred in the tax treatment of life insurance policies. This alteration necessitates a fresh approach to buying life insurance policies to maximize tax-free maturity amounts.

Understanding the New Tax Landscape

Until March 31, 2023, traditional life insurance policies enjoyed an EEE (Exempt-Exempt-Exempt) tax rating. This meant that investments, earnings, and maturity proceeds from these policies were tax-neutral. However, the CBDT’s Budget 2023 has brought a pivotal change in this landscape. For life insurance policies issued on or after April 1, 2023, a cap has been set on the tax exemption for endowment policies. No exemption will be granted if the premium payable during any policy year exceeds Rs 5 lakh. This rule applies irrespective of the number of policies owned, even if their premiums remain below the Rs 5 lakh threshold.

Smart Strategies for Buying Life Insurance

This new tax regime makes strategic planning when purchasing life insurance policies paramount. Here are some prudent tips to consider:

1. Diversification of Premiums: Opt for multiple policies with lower premium amounts rather than a single high-premium policy. This approach has two significant advantages. Firstly, in case of financial constraints, you have the flexibility to discontinue one or more policies without jeopardizing the entire coverage. Secondly, having a portfolio of smaller premium policies allows you to utilize the Rs 5 lakh limit effectively.

2. Leverage Family Policies: Consider taking out smaller insurance policies in the names of your spouse or children. This is particularly advantageous when purchasing insurance for investment purposes. Remember, the Rs 5 lakh limit is applied individually to each person, which implies that the maturity amount received by your spouse or children remains tax-exempt. Furthermore, the regulations regarding income clubbing do not apply in this scenario.

3. Case in Point: Mr Sharma intends to purchase a life insurance policy with an annual premium of Rs 6 lakh. The maturity proceeds would not be tax-exempt since this exceeds the Rs 5 lakh threshold. To mitigate this, he can explore acquiring multiple policies, each with a premium of Rs 1 lakh, under his name, spouse’s name, or even his children’s names. This strategic manoeuvre would help him sidestep taxes upon policy maturity.

Maximizing Maturity Tax Exemption

For situations where premiums surpassing Rs 5 lakh have already been paid, and there is a need to optimize tax exemptions, the following strategies are recommended:

1. Focus on High-Yield Policies: Prioritize insurance policies that offer substantial returns on the premium paid. This aligns with your financial goals and ensures that you are making the most of the Rs 5 lakh threshold.

2. ULIPs in the Mix: Since February 1, 2021, tax exemption on Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIPs) has been limited to policies with an annual premium of Rs 2.5 lakh. The strategies outlined above can be seamlessly applied when purchasing ULIPs or when the aggregate annual premium of ULIPs exceeds Rs 2.5 lakh during the policy term.


The changes introduced by the CBDT in the Budget of 2023 have redefined the tax implications of life insurance policies. As individuals navigate this new landscape, adopting a strategic approach to purchasing policies becomes essential. By diversifying premiums, leveraging family policies, and focusing on high-yield options, one can effectively maximize tax-free maturity amounts and secure their financial future. Remember, the key lies in understanding the nuances of the revised tax rules and aligning your insurance portfolio accordingly.


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