A Loan against property or LAP is a loan given by the lender to the borrower against the property mortgaged.
Unlike the unsecured loan, the loan against property involves a security that is the property, which the borrower can mortgage in case the loan is not repaid by the borrower. Hence, it is a type of mortgage loan. In such loans, the market value of the property is calculated and the loan furnished is a certain percentage of the market value of the loan.
For which purposes Loan against property Can be obtained?
Loan against property (LAP) has the low interest rates which can be used for business or personal finance purposes:
These loans can be used for expansion of the business and meeting the credits of the business and bonafide needs.
The loans are easy to avail so they can help in case of an urgent medical financing.
The loans are also useful to facilitate the renovation or repair/extension purposes in the house or flat.
The loan can be used if there is a marriage in the house.
The parent can use this loan for sending the child abroad for higher studies.
One can use the loan to fund a vacation to an attractive tourist destination.
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Bank / Financial Institution will check the as per their norms and process the application if they meet the norms
What are the end uses of the loan against property?
Mortgage buyout/Balance Transfer of existing loan
Consolidation of debt
How will Bank determine my eligibility for a loan against property and the loan amount?
Bank will consider the following factors to determine eligibility and loan amount:
Valuation of Property (Fair market value)
Existing obligations, if any
Stability/Continuity of employment/Business
Past borrowing track record
What security will I have to provide?
The security for the loan will be the first mortgage of the property to be financed, generally by way of deposit of title deeds and/or such other collateral security.
Customer will have to ensure that the title to the property is clear, marketable and free from encumbrance. To elaborate, there should not be any existing mortgage, loan or litigation which is likely to affect the title to the property adversely.
If a property is jointly owned by an individual and his/her relatives, can he/she take a loan against this property?
All the co-owners of the considered property need to come in as co-applicants to the loan.
Does the property have to be insured?
You will have to ensure that the property is duly and properly insured for fire and other appropriate hazards, as required by BFL, during the tenor of the loan and to produce evidence thereof to the Bank each year and/or whenever called upon to do so.
How will my Equated Monthly Installment (EMI) be calculated?
The EMI consists of the principal amount and the interest on the principal amount. It is calculated by taking into account the loan amount, the time frame for repaying the loan and the interest rate on the borrowed sum. The EMI may be subject to change when interest rate changes or a part-payment of the Loan is made.
Every month, part of the EMI is adjusted towards the interest payable and the balance is adjusted towards repayment of the principal.
How is my loan eligibility calculated?
Business Loan eligibility depends on the following factors: Credit score of the loan applicant/co-applicant The last two years financials of the borrowing entity Information about the Debt Service Coverage Ratio: This information tells the lender whether the borrower will be able to service the EMI for the current loan.
Can I repay the loan ahead of schedule?
Yes. Prepayment is possible and there is no prepayment fee if you repay the loan after six months of availing the loan if you pay from your own source of funds without transferring the loan.
What happens if there is an ECS bounce or I miss an EMI payment?
The bank will levy certain ECS bounce charges or penalties. Additionally, that will also get reported in your credit report. Depending upon the severity and the regularity of the miss, it may have a serious impact on your future credit possibilities like in obtaining a home loan, car loan, etc. Additionally, banks may also take legal action against the borrower.
What is an EMI?
EMI (Equated Monthly Installment) is a monthly amount that you have to pay back to the bank or funding institution for the loan you have availed. The EMI is inclusive of both the principal and interest components.