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NPS Scheme for NRIs: A Comprehensive Guide to Investing in India’s National Pension System

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  • Post published:October 11, 2023
  • Post category:General


NPS Scheme for NRIs

The National Pension System (NPS) is a crucial investment avenue for securing one’s financial future, and it’s not just limited to Indian residents. Non-resident Indians (NRIs) between 18 and 60 can also benefit from this long-term savings tool, provided they adhere to the Know Your Customer (KYC) norms. This article will explore how NRIs can contribute to and invest in the NPS, shedding light on the account types, investment options, and the associated benefits.

Eligibility for NRIs

NPS offers NRIs a unique opportunity to invest in India’s retirement savings plan. As an NRI, you can invest in NPS if you fall within the age bracket of 18 to 60 years. It is important to note that NRIs can only invest in the mandatory Tier-I option of NPS.

Account Opening Process

Opening an NPS account as an NRI is a straightforward process. You can initiate the process by filling out the mandatory online form on the NPS portal. You can use various documents for KYC verification, including your Permanent Account Number (PAN), Aadhar, Digilocker, or existing KYC records linked to your Indian bank account.

If you choose to open the account with your PAN, your Permanent Retirement Account Number (PRAN) activation is subject to KYC verification by the empanelled banker with which you hold an account. The name and address on your NPS account must match your banker’s records, as selected during the registration process.

To complete the process, you must scan and upload your photograph (optional for Aadhaar) and signature. An initial contribution of a minimum of ₹500 can be made through your Non-Residential Ordinary (NRO) or Non-Residential External (NRE) account. Subscribers have the option to authenticate the form either through OTP Authentication or the eSign process.

Investment Options

NPS offers a diversified investment portfolio, enabling NRIs to choose an investment mix that aligns with their risk appetite. The available asset classes include equity, corporate bonds, and government securities. There are two fund management schemes to cater to individual preferences:

  1. Active Choice: Under this option, NRIs can actively manage their investments by deciding the asset classes and the proportion of their contributions allocated to each. This option gives investors greater control over their portfolios.
  2. Auto Choice: For NRIs who prefer a more hands-off approach, Auto Choice is an excellent option. The investments are automatically diversified across asset classes based on the individual’s age, with decreasing exposure to equities as they approach retirement. This option is ideal for those who want a hassle-free investment strategy.

Minimum Contributions and Tax Benefits

The NPS has set minimum contribution requirements for NRIs. The initial account opening contribution is ₹500, with a minimum per contribution of ₹500. It’s important to maintain a minimum annual contribution of ₹6,000.

One of the significant advantages of investing in NPS for NRIs is the tax benefits it offers. Contributions to NPS qualify for a tax deduction under Section 80CCD(1) up to 20% of the gross total income or ₹1.5 lakh, whichever is lower. This deduction also includes the limits set under Sections 80C and 80CCC. Moreover, NRIs can claim an additional deduction under Section 80CCD(1B) of up to ₹50,000, provided the ₹1.5 lakh limit is already exhausted. This makes NPS a tax-efficient investment choice for NRIs.

Withdrawal Conditions

The NPS withdrawal conditions are designed to provide financial security during retirement. At the age of 60, a minimum of 40% of the accumulated corpus must be annuitized, while the remaining 60% can be taken as a lump sum. In cases where the total corpus is less than ₹2 lakh, complete withdrawal is allowed.

For withdrawals before the age of 60, 80% of the corpus must be annuitized, with a maximum of 20% available as a lump sum, provided the total corpus is less than ₹1 lakh.

In the unfortunate event of a subscriber’s demise, the nominee can receive 100% of the NPS pension wealth as a lump sum, providing financial security for the family.


The National Pension System is an excellent investment opportunity for NRIs. It offers the advantage of tax benefits, flexibility in investment options, and a disciplined approach to retirement savings. NRIs can easily open an NPS account, select their preferred investment strategy, and enjoy the peace of mind of securing their financial future. NPS is not just a retirement planning tool; it’s also a smart choice for long-term wealth creation. So, if you’re an NRI looking to invest wisely, consider exploring the NPS – it’s a secure path to financial independence and peace of mind.


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