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A Beginner’s Guide to Starting Mutual Fund Investments


Mutual Fund Investment

In recent times, the mutual fund industry has witnessed a surge in new investors, with 3.7 million unique individuals joining the ranks in the past year alone. This trend will continue as more people transition from traditional savings avenues to financial instruments. If you’re one of those looking to embark on your mutual fund investment journey, this article will guide you through the essential steps to get started.

Documentation and KYC Compliance

The first step before diving into mutual funds is to become KYC (Know Your Customer) compliant. This process is essential to verify your identity and ensure regulatory compliance. You can achieve this through physical or digital means:

  • Physical KYC: Complete the KYC form by visiting a registrar or a mutual fund office. Attach a recent photograph, copies of your PAN card, and a valid address proof, such as an Aadhaar, passport, voter identity card, or driver’s license.
  • Digital KYC: Alternatively, you can opt for a more convenient method using mutual fund websites or distributor platforms offering Aadhaar-based eKYC.

Selecting the Right Mutual Fund Scheme:

Choosing the appropriate mutual fund scheme is crucial and should align with your financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment horizon. Here’s a brief guide:

  • Long-term Goals (5+ years): If you have a long-term horizon, consider equity-oriented funds. These have the potential for higher returns, albeit with greater volatility.
  • Medium-term Goals (1-5 years): Look at debt or hybrid funds for a medium-term horizon. These offer a balance of risk and return.
  • Short-term Goals (<1 year): If your investment horizon is less than a year, consider arbitrage or ultrashort-term funds for capital preservation.
  • Diversified Equity Funds: For most investors, a diversified equity mutual fund scheme, either large-cap or flexicap, is a good starting point.
  • Systematic Investment Plan (SIP): Consider using SIPs to stagger your investments. This method helps reduce the impact of market volatility and large market movements.

Choosing the Right Fund House:

The choice of the fund house is a critical decision because they will manage your investments. To make an informed choice:

  • Check the Fund House’s Pedigree: Research the history and reputation of the fund house. A well-established and reputable fund house is generally a safer choice.
  • Performance Record: Analyze how the schemes managed by the fund house have performed over the years. Consistent outperformance of benchmarks is a positive sign.
  • Track Record of Fund Managers: Assess the track record and experience of the fund managers responsible for your interest in the scheme.
  • Avoid New Fund Offers (NFOs): Avoiding new fund offers is often recommended, as their track record is unproven. Stick to established schemes.
  • Avoid Narrowly Focused Funds: Thematic and sectoral funds can be riskier due to their limited scope. Consider diversified options for a more balanced approach.

Analyzing Past Performance

While past performance does not guarantee future results, it can provide valuable insights into a fund’s potential. When evaluating past performance:

  • Long-Term Performance: Examine the fund’s performance over 3, 5, and 10-year periods. Consistent outperformance of benchmarks is a positive indicator.
  • Investment Philosophy: Look for funds with a clearly defined strategy. A consistent approach suggests strong fund management.


Starting your journey into mutual fund investments requires careful consideration of KYC compliance, choosing the right scheme and fund house, and analyzing past performance. Investing in mutual funds is a long-term endeavour, and a well-thought-out strategy can help you achieve your financial goals while managing risk effectively.


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