You are currently viewing Can I Claim HRA Without a Rent Agreement?

Can I Claim HRA Without a Rent Agreement?


According to Section 10(13A) of the Income-tax Act of 1961, an HRA (house rent allowance) exemption is not applicable if the exemption recipient owns the property they live in or hasn’t spent income on paying rent. We assume the parents or any other landlords are the property’s legal and financial owners. The person assessed does not own the residence based on the scant information supplied. Whether the applicant has spent money paying rent for the accommodation must be answered. This can be accomplished by reviewing the applicant’s financial documents and receipts for rent payments.  

Salaried people are required by the Act’s requirements and the Income-tax Rules of 1962 to provide their employer with the relevant information and supporting documentation in Form 12BB to claim certain exemptions and deductions. To qualify for an HRA exemption, an individual must give his employer the landlord’s name, address, and PAN (where the total yearly rent paid exceeds 1 lakh). If both the landlord and the renter sign the rent agreement as witnesses and it is authenticated, it will be regarded as legally binding. Consequently, you might wonder if somebody can claim HRA without a rental agreement. This blog post will cover the documentation requirements for HRA and whether the rent agreement is required. Let’s delve deeply into it.

Understanding HRA Requirements

Eligibility criteria for claiming HRA

By meeting the requirements outlined in Section 10 (13A) of the Income Tax Act, HRA deductions for taxes may be claimed:

  • Both self-employment and salaried employment are required of the person wishing to make an HRA deduction.
  • It is necessary to rent the current residence. A rented home, not the individual’s residency, is needed for HRA calculations.
  • To claim the HRA deductions, you must provide a receipt for the house’s rent or another proof of a house document.

Documents required for HRA claim

To be eligible for HRA tax exemption, you must submit the following documentation:

Rental invoices that show the rent requirement to deduct HRA or the rental agreement that states the appropriate rent amount.

If the annual rent exceeds Rs. 1 lakh, the landlord’s PAN card copies or an acknowledgement form with his or her signature is also required. The same evidence will be needed for rent payments made to parents or other family members to calculate HRA tax.

Significance of a rent agreement

A legal rent agreement is required in HRA claims for those who work in the corporate field. Most workers receive a House Rent Allowance (HRA) as part of their pay. Contrary to basic income, HRA is not taxable even though it is a portion of your wage. A copy of your rental agreement must be submitted to make an HRA claim under the India Income Tax Act since it documents your rental agreement and the cost of the rental property. Section 10 (13A) of the Income Tax Act of 1961 provides an exemption from taxation for a portion of HRA, but only under specified circumstances.

Ensure you have a documented agreement between yourself and the landlord, even if they are your parents. The rental agreement must detail the residence you are renting and any additional costs you could be liable for, such as utility or property tax.

Exploring Alternatives to Rent Agreement

In HRA claims, producing proof of payment is an alternative to a rental agreement. This is particularly helpful for those who can show monthly payments towards their housing but lack a formal rental agreement. Another alternative is a notarized document from the landlord verifying the terms of the rental agreement and the amount of rent paid. This can be used as a legitimate document for HRA claims without a conventional rent agreement.

Valid proof of payment without a rent agreement

As previously stated, claiming HRA without a rental agreement is feasible. While a rent agreement is typically accepted as evidence of rent payment, other documents can support your HRA claim. These could include rent invoices, bank statements with rent transactions, or a statement from the landlord attesting to the rental agreement. However, the regulations and legislation governing HRA claims may alter according to the specific requirements established by your employer.

Some ways to mitigate risks and strengthen your HRA claim

When shared housing is involved, the rental agreement should specify how many tenants will share a flat, how much each would pay in rent, and how utility costs will be divided.

Paying your rent should ideally be done online or through a financial system. Establishing an electronic paper trail of the funds utilized in the transactions is simpler when banking channels are utilized. You must ask for a receipt for each monthly rent payment, regardless of the manner of payment. Before an employee can request an HRA exemption, the employer must submit rent receipts if the amount of rent paid each month exceeds Rs. 3000. Additionally, remember that presenting rent receipts is not required of paid workers who receive HRA up to Rs 3,000 per month.

Factors to Consider without a Rent Agreement

Obtaining an HRA exemption looked challenging without a receipt or rent, but it is now achievable.

According to our company, the tax department has now integrated Form 16 and ITR-1, making it simple to include perks in ITR reports. The TDS certificate, Form 16, is what a business gives to its employees. It includes all the information about TDS, namely HRA, so you can easily claim HRA by presenting a copy of Form 16 with your ITR-1. However, obtaining an HRA claim without a rental agreement or rent receipt is not advised.

Ignoring the rent receipt

To support the rental agreement, the tax agency often needs more proof.

Tenants occasionally risk paying more rent than indicated in the rental agreement. Tenants may have to make additional cash deposits to cover the excess amount. It’s important to remember that the HRA deduction will only apply to the amount for which you have a legitimate rent receipt.

Ensure you have the required documents for the exact amount stated in the rental agreement and supported by legal rent receipts so you can take advantage of the HRA deduction without any problems.

Falsifying a rent receipt is illegal

People need to be aware that falsifying rent receipts is illegal and can have serious repercussions if found. You can get a legal notice asking you to give evidence of your claim if the IT (Income tax) department discovers any questionable activity while closely monitoring all the operations.

All claimed exemptions could be rejected if the necessary documentation could not be provided. You will pay a fine for under or incorrectly declaring your income if your claims are untrue.

According to the Income-tax Act of 1961, a person can be fined 50% for underreporting income and 200% for intentionally misreporting income. You will also be forced to pay the requisite interest under Sections 234A, 234B, and 234C of the Income Tax Act.

Essential documents to avoid fake rent receipts

It is crucial to keep accurate records to support employee HRA claims. The records that must be kept on file to demonstrate that you do not own a fraudulent rent receipt are listed below. The lease agreement, form 16, the landlord’s PAN data, and payment documentation such as copies of cheques or bank records.

Other alternatives

Almost everyone seeks ways to maximize their savings and minimise their taxable income. People must realise that fabricating bogus rent receipts is not a solution and could land them in legal problems. There are numerous additional ways to request HRA exemptions. Use of the valid rent receipt is the sole option. It must be supported by all the records mentioned above. You can use it to not only claim tax benefits but also to raise your credit score.

If you require a rent receipt to receive HRA benefits, brokers can assist you in obtaining legitimate rent receipts. Brokers can also assist in making sure that the rent receipts adhere to the precise standards and regulations established by your company or the government for HRA benefits.


Taking advantage of tax exemptions has become simpler due to several government initiatives. Many salaried people’s lives are greatly impacted by HRA, which offers financial help for housing costs. This tax benefit may significantly impact your total income tax liability. Understanding the basics of HRA and the variables affecting how its exemption is calculated will help you make wise judgements about your living situation and maximise your benefits. However, as explained above, you may reach a determination about whether the rental agreement in an HRA claim is mandatory or not. However, to be eligible for the HRA, we strongly advise you to obtain a rent agreement while renting a residence.

If you are confused? Don’t worry; we have got you covered. If you’re uncertain? Do not be concerned; we have you covered. Kanakkupillai can help you navigate the HRA claim process successfully in any circumstance. Our team of professionals can offer you individualized advice because they know the nuances of HRA claims. We recognize that negotiating the complexity of rental agreements and HRA claims can be stressful, but with our help, you can confidently make the best choices and fully use your benefits. We are here to support you at every step of the process, whether you need assistance comprehending the required documentation or overcoming any potential obstacles. You can successfully manage the HRA claim process and maximise the benefits available with our assistance. Please don’t hesitate to contact us if you require any assistance or clarification.


Kanakkupillai is your reliable partner for every step of your business journey in India. We offer reasonable and expert assistance to ensure legal compliance, covering business registration, tax compliance, accounting and bookkeeping, and intellectual property protection. Let us help you navigate the complex legal and regulatory requirements so you can focus on growing your business. Contact us today to learn more.