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Can Section 8 Company Do Business?


Section 8 Company

In a world where companies are primarily motivated by profit, there is a special type of legal entity called a Section 8 company in India. These businesses, often known as non-profit organizations or non-governmental organizations (NGOs), were founded with charity and social welfare goals in mind rather than financial gain. Many people wonder, “Can a Section 8 company do business?” This article will go into extensive detail on Section 8 companies, what they seek, and the types of activities they can engage in while maintaining their non-profit status.

Understanding Section 8 Companies

Section 8 companies are formed under Section 8 of the Indian Companies Act, 2013. The major reason for creating these businesses is to make promoting business, the arts, sports, sciences, religion, education, research, charitable giving, social welfare, environmental protection, or any other objective easier. These businesses stand out from typical business organizations because of several unique features:

  • Non-Profit Nature: A Section 8 company cannot share its profits with its members since its main goal is to promote social welfare or philanthropic endeavours.
  • Limited Liability: Members of a Section 8 corporation have limited liability, implying that they aren’t responsible for the debts and liabilities of the company on their own.
  • No Minimum Capital Requirement: Unlike other business entities, a Section 8 company may be incorporated with no minimum capital requirement.
  • Government License: The applicant company may be granted a licence by the central government to register as a Section 8 company under the 2013 Companies Act, but it is not permitted for the company to use the terms “Limited” or “Private Limited” in the name it uses.
  • Exemption from Certain Provisions: Companies that fall under Section 8 are excluded from some of the Companies Act of 2013 requirements, such as the need to include “Limited” or “Private Limited” in their names. 
  • Tax Benefits: Companies like these may also qualify for tax reductions and exemptions under Sections 12A and 80G of the Income Tax Act 1961. Furthermore, there is no requirement for a stamp duty.

Objectives of Section 8 Companies

The key objective of a Section 8 company is to promote social welfare and charitable activities. These objectives are generally outlined in the company’s memorandum of association. Common objectives include:

Promotion of Charitable Causes: Section 8 companies’ principal purpose is to support charity causes such as health, education, gender equality, poverty alleviation, etc. These non-profit organizations spend their efforts enhancing society’s welfare and that of its people, especially those living in underprivileged areas.

Advancing Social Welfare: By taking part in numerous endeavours, including the development of rural areas, animal welfare, sustainability of the environment, and other things, Section 8 firms seek to improve social welfare. These activities aim to improve both community and individual quality of life.

Building Alliances and Networks: Fostering teamwork and networking for social welfare and charitable causes is another important goal of Section 8 businesses. Promoting policies that support these causes entails communicating with policymakers, performing research, and establishing public awareness campaigns and outreach activities.

Sustained Existence: Section 8 businesses are created as legitimate, autonomous entities that can change as their membership or activity does. These organizations may carry out their charity undertakings in the long run because of their enduring nature, which guarantees the continuity of their impact.

In pursuit of these objectives, Section 8 companies engage in a wide array of activities that align with their mission:

Promoting Education: Education support is paramount for many Section 8 businesses. They accomplish this through constructing educational institutions, including schools, colleges, and centres for vocational training, improving access to high-quality education.

Alleviating Poverty: Some Section 8 businesses concentrate their efforts on alleviating poverty. They work to improve the socioeconomic conditions of underprivileged people and communities by offering them basic necessities, including healthcare, food, and shelter.

Preserving Art and Culture: Many Section 8 companies put a lot of effort towards preserving and advancing art, culture, and tradition. Initiatives that save and promote cultural traditions for the good of society are just a few of their activities.

Advancing Scientific Research: Organizations under Section 8 carry out research in fields with social and environmental implications, helping to find solutions to urgent societal and environmental problems.

Environmental Conservation: Through initiatives like afforestation and sustainability programmes, most Section 8 companies passionately encourage environmental conservation, ensuring a better and more sustainable planet for future generations.

Profit Raising Approaches for Section 8 Companies

While making profits is not the main goal of Section 8 companies, they can use several approaches to increase their corporate income while advancing their philanthropic goals.

  • Create a Strong and Convincing Mission Statement: It is the foundation of a Section 8 business. This mission serves as a magnet to draw resources and support in addition to giving direction and purpose. It resonates with people, businesses, and government agencies, inspiring them to support the organization’s goals. 
  • Foster Robust and Meaningful Connections: Developing strong relationships is equally important. Establishing relationships with sponsors, contributors, and other stakeholders builds a network of support that is essential to the company’s financial stability. These connections convert into the funding required to successfully carry out the business’s operations. 
  • Broaden Revenue Streams through Diversification: Section 8 businesses can reduce financial risk by limiting reliance on a single funding source. To ensure a more secure financial future, this diversification includes requesting donations from various individuals and organizations and earning income through service fees. 
  • Embrace Effective Financial Management: The importance of perfect financial management cannot be overstated. Maintaining accurate records, creating a budget, and keeping a close eye on your spending is imperative. They ensure that income and expenses balance, protecting the Section 8 company’s long-term financial stability. All other sustainability methods are founded based on effective financial management.

Can Section 8 Companies Engage in Business Activities?

While promoting social welfare and charity endeavours is Section 8 companies’ main goal, they are not forbidden from doing business operations. However, Section 8 businesses must abide by several requirements and restrictions when doing business.

Business Activities Must Support the Charitable Objectives: The business activities undertaken by a Section 8 company should be directly related to and supportive of its charitable objectives. In other words, any profits generated from business activities should be utilized for furthering the organization’s social welfare or charitable goals.

Profits Cannot Be Distributed to Members: One of the key restrictions on Section 8 companies is that they cannot distribute profits among their members. Any surplus from business activities should be reinvested in the organization to achieve its charitable objectives.

Compliance with Income Tax Regulations: Section 8 companies are eligible for certain tax exemptions and benefits under the Income Tax Act 1961. To avail of these benefits, they must comply with the provisions of the Act and maintain proper records of their income and expenditure.

Declaration of Business Activities in Memorandum: When incorporating a Section 8 company, it’s essential to specify the business activities the organization intends to undertake in its memorandum of association. This ensures transparency and clarity regarding the company’s objectives and operations.

Regulatory Approvals: Certain business activities like fundraising or trading may require regulatory approvals or licenses. Section 8 companies must adhere to all relevant laws and regulations governing their business activities.

No Dividend Payment: Section 8 companies cannot pay dividends to their members. Any surplus funds should be utilized solely to advance the company’s objectives.

Transparency and Accountability: Section 8 companies are required to maintain transparency and accountability in their operations. They must regularly publish financial reports and maintain proper records of their activities.


In conclusion, whether a Section 8 company can engage in business activities has been addressed comprehensively. Section 8 companies in India, despite their primary focus on charitable and social welfare objectives, are allowed to conduct business activities as long as these endeavours align with their core mission. Such businesses must reinvest profits into their charitable objectives and maintain transparency, adhering to the legal and regulatory framework governing nonprofit organizations.

As you begin managing or establishing a Section 8 company, it’s crucial to thoroughly understand the intricacies involved. Professional guidance can be invaluable if you want to clarify doubts about Section 8 company regulations or require assistance with the registration process.

This is where Kanakkupillai comes into play. With our expertise and experience in company registration and compliance, Kanakkupillai can provide the guidance and support you need. We can help you navigate the legal requirements, draft the necessary documents, and ensure that your Section 8 company is established and operated under the law.

Our commitment to simplifying complex processes and our dedication to facilitating the noble missions of Section 8 companies make them a valuable partner in your journey towards social impact.

In summary, Section 8 companies hold a unique position in the Indian corporate landscape, blending the pursuit of social welfare with business activities. Kanakkupillai stands ready to assist you in realizing your Section 8 company’s vision, offering the expertise needed to navigate the regulatory landscape and successfully carry out your charitable objectives.


Welcome to! Greetings, I am Pradeep, an Audit & Assurance Manager deeply committed to assisting businesses in navigating the intricate realm of financial compliance and transparency. With a wealth of experience in audit and assurance, I am your trusted ally in ensuring the integrity and reliability of your financial statements and operations. My dedication extends to advocating for diversity and inclusivity within the business landscape. I firmly believe that every organization, regardless of its background, should have access to expert financial guidance and assurance services that foster trust and credibility. I am honored to accompany you on your journey toward financial excellence through this blog, where I will provide valuable insights and strategies tailored to your business's audit and assurance needs. Thank you for entrusting me with the privilege of contributing to your path to financial success. For more information and resources, please visit