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Consequences of Missing the Advance Tax Payment Deadline

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  • Post published:September 12, 2023
  • Post category:Taxation


Penalties for Missing Advance Tax Payments

Advance tax is a crucial financial responsibility for individuals and businesses in India. It is an income tax paid in advance throughout the fiscal year, ensuring a steady inflow of revenue for the government. Failing to meet the advance tax payment due dates can lead to penalties and interest charges. In this article, we will delve into the details of advance tax, its significance, who is liable to pay it, and the penalties for missing the payment deadlines.

What is Advance Tax?

Advance tax, often called “pay as you earn” tax, is a system where taxpayers pay their income tax liabilities in instalments before the end of the financial year. This practice prevents a lump-sum tax burden and helps the government manage its finances more efficiently. Advance tax payments are made periodically throughout the fiscal year, ensuring a steady revenue stream for the government.

Who Must Pay Advance Tax?

As per Section 208 of the Income Tax Act, 1961, any taxpayer whose estimated tax liability for the year is Rs 10,000 or more (after considering tax deducted at source, TDS) must pay advance tax. This applies to individuals, businesses, and other entities with taxable income.

However, there is an exception for resident senior citizens aged 60 years or above who do not have any income from business or profession. They are exempt from paying advance tax, as stated by the income tax department.

Advance Tax Due Dates

Advance tax is divided into four instalments with specific due dates:

  1. On or before June 15th of each fiscal year, 15% of the advance tax must be paid.
  2. On or before September 15th, 45% of the advance tax (less any previous tax) must be paid.
  3. On or before December 15th, 75% of the advance tax (minus tax already paid) is due.
  4. On or before March 15th, 100% of the advance tax (minus tax already paid) is due.

It is essential to adhere to these deadlines to avoid penalties and interest charges.

Penalties for Missing Advance Tax Payment

Failing to pay advance tax on time or not meeting the prescribed instalment amounts can result in penalties and interest charges. The penalties are governed by Sections 234B and 234C of the Income Tax Act:

  1. Section 234B: This section levies a penal interest of 1% per month or part thereof for delays in advance tax payment or shortfalls in tax payment. It starts accruing from the first day after the fiscal year ends until the date of actual payment.
  2. Section 234C: This section is applicable when there is non-payment or short payment of individual advance tax instalments. It calculates interest based on each instalment’s shortfall and due dates.

How to Pay Advance Tax Online?

Paying advance tax is a straightforward process:

Step 1: Visit the Income Tax website at

Step 2: Click “e-Pay tax,” enter your PAN mobile number, and click “continue.” Enter the OTP received on your registered mobile number.

Step 3: Click on “Advance tax.”

Step 4: Select the assessment year and choose “advance tax” from the drop-down menu.

Step 5: Enter the tax amount and continue. Select your preferred payment options and click “continue.”

Step 6: Click on “Pay Now” to complete the payment.


In conclusion, understanding the implications of missing advance tax payments is vital for individuals and businesses in India. By complying with the prescribed due dates and instalment amounts, taxpayers can avoid penalties and interest charges while contributing to the nation’s financial stability. Consider seeking expert guidance from professionals like Kanakkupillai to simplify your tax-related concerns further. Their expertise can be instrumental in navigating the complexities of advance tax and ensuring financial compliance.

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