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Things You Must Know about Form 10-IB in Income Tax


It is a statement form under Section 115BA(4) of the Income-tax Act, 1961. Businesses and start-ups can use Form 10-IB to choose a smaller tax rate of 25% on their total income. These forms are made just for private companies that meet certain standards. They can use them to ask for a lower tax rate. The purpose of Form 10-IB is to lower tax rates for new businesses and start-ups, which will help the economy grow and progress.

One appropriate aspect of Form 10-IB is that it lets you pay income tax at a lower rate of 25% on the whole earnings. This could save eligible companies a lot of money on taxes. Once a preference has been made, it can not be modified for that year or some other years in advance. Registration on the Income Tax Department’s e-portal is needed to fill out Form No. 10-IB. Users must then pick out the form from a drop-down menu and enter the essential data, consisting of the PAN, enterprise name, registered address, date of incorporation, and kind of operations.

Understanding of Form 10-IB

Form 10-IB, which is needed by Section 115BA(4) of the Income-tax Act of 1961, was introduced by the CBDT. This form lets new businesses and companies choose a 25% tax rate on their entire income. Starting with the 2016–17 fiscal year and every year after that, private companies that are qualified can fill out Form 10-IB. They have to fill out the application online and verify it with a digital signature or EVC.

Section 115BA says that the individual being evaluated has to meet certain requirements so as to be considered for perks. The conditions encompass being a domestic organisation, not being created through the shutdown or rebuilding of an already-existing corporation, and not being created via the transfer of equipment or plant that has previously been used. In addition, the employee’s total income for the preceding 12 months could not have been INR 250 crores, and it could not have been involved in any commercial activities except for producing things or articles.

Form 10-IB is different from Form No. 10-B, which is used for the creation of a religious organisation, trust, or group. In contrast, Form 10-IB is for start-ups, companies, or people who wish to request a tax rate cut, which is then applied at a rate of 25% of the total income, provided certain requirements are met. Once the choice has been taken for any past year, it cannot be changed for the same or any other previous year.

Eligibility Criteria

  • Types of Taxpayers: Form 10-IB can be used by individual taxpayers, Hindu Undivided Families, and people who work in business and education.
  • Limits on Annual Gross Receipts or Total Turnover: Form 10-IB is for people whose annual gross earnings or total sales for the financial year do not go over the limits set by the Income Tax Act. At the time, the ceiling was Rs. 2 crores for businesses and Rs. 50 lakhs for professionals.
  • Digital transactions that must happen: For people to get the lower 6% expected income rate, they must keep digital documents of their transactions and do at least 5% of all their transactions digitally.
  • Exclusions: Taxpayers who have to pay taxes under Section 44ADA or Section 44AE of the Income Tax Act cannot use Form 10-IB. These sections deal with professionals and assess working in defined businesses, respectively.
  • New Companies and Start-ups: New agencies and start-ups may be eligible for special provisions under Section 115 BAA and Section 115 BAB of the Income Tax Act, which provide for a lowered tax rate and different benefits. However, those places have their very own eligibility standards and conditions.

How to Fill Out Form 10-IB?

To fill out Form 10-IB online properly, follow these steps:

  • You should visit the income tax website and log in using your user ID and password.
  • From the e-file menu button, you should pick out “Income Tax Forms” and then choose Form 10-IB from the drop-down menu button.
  • Fill in important information such as the company’s name, PAN number, date of birth, type of business, and other needed data.
  • Ensure all information is properly filled out to avoid mistakes. Click on “Preview and Submit” to check the information entered.
  • The form should be digitally verified using a digital signature or an electronic verification code.
  • After writing, a confirmation email could be sent to the registered email address.

Importance of Accuracy:

Providing accurate information is crucial to avoid errors and possible fines. Accuracy in filling out Form 10-IB ensures compliance with tax laws and smooth processing.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

  • Incorrect PAN or company details.
  • Omitting important information like the date of incorporation or nature of operations.
  • Failing to digitally check the form using the needed ways.
  • Missing the filing date leads to fines.

By following these steps carefully, ensuring accuracy, and avoiding common mistakes, individuals and companies can successfully fill out Form 10-IB online, easing the process and compliance with tax laws.

Benefits and Implications of Form 10-IB

Form 10-IB is a filing under Section 115BA(4) of the Income-tax Act, 1961 (ITA) that gives a chance to pay income tax at 25% on all earnings for qualifying private companies started after March 1, 2016, solely interested in production. The application must be given online and confirmed through an electronic signature or EVC. The conditions for an applicant to be able to claim perks under Section 115BA include the following:

  • The company was formed and registered on or after the 1st day of March 2016
  • The company should not be interested in any business other than the making or production of items or things.
  • The total income of the company has been set without claiming expenses

Once the choice is made, the assessee cannot opt out for a lifetime. However, in cases where the person uses certain choices under Section 154BAA, Section 115BA may be withdrawn.

The positive aspects of Form 10-IB contain lower tax rates for qualifying private companies, which may add to major savings. However, the choice of opting for this tax rate is permanent, and companies have to forfeit certain exemptions and deductions that were available under the old tax system.

The implications of Form 10-IB involve the need for eligible private companies to carefully analyse their tax plan and whether the benefits of lower tax rates overcome the loss of particular deductions and allowances. Companies additionally have to guarantee that they meet the stated standards for getting benefits under Section 115BA.

Form 10-IB offers an effective way for qualified private companies to lower their tax weight, but it needs careful analysis and compliance with the requirements laid out. Companies have to evaluate the perks against the loss of particular allowances and breaks to arrive at an informed choice that fits with their overall tax plan.

Recent Updates and Changes

The most recent revisions and changes pertaining to Form 10-IB cover the introduction of the form by the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) to give start-ups and companies the chance to opt for a lower tax rate. The paperwork is an application under Section 115BA(4) of the Income-tax Act, 1961, and gives the chance to pay income tax at 25% on all earnings if certain stated requirements are met.

The changes have affected the application as well as benefits of Form 10-IB, as approved private companies may apply for the form for the financial year 2016-17 and onwards. The form must be given online and confirmed through a digital signature or an electronic verification code (EVC).

The expected future potential developments in income tax rules could involve further amendments to Form 10-IB or the arrival of new forms to ease compliance with taxes process for start-ups, companies, and people. It is important to stay updated with the most recent changes and laws to guarantee swift compliance and avoid fines.


In the very last analysis, Form 10-IB is a crucial record for approved start-ups and companies looking to opt for a lower tax rate of 25% under Section 115BA of the Income Tax Act of 1961. The application should be filled out online and confirmed through a digital signature or an electronic verification code (EVC). Selecting a smaller tax charge through Form 10-IB might bring about extensive tax savings, but it’s vital to consider the long time period results, inclusive of not being able to claim deductions and exclusions.

Sachin Jaiswal

Sachin Jaiswal B.A.(Hons)! Sachin Jaiswal has been writing material on his own for more than five years. He got his B.A.(Hons) in English from the well-known University of Delhi. His success in this job is due to the fact that he loves writing and making material that is interesting. He has worked with a lot of different clients in many different fields, always giving them high-quality content that their target audience will enjoy. Through his education and work experience, he is able to produce high-quality content that meets his clients' needs.