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The Significance of Founder’s Agreements in India



A founder’s agreement is a legally binding contract that outlines the roles, responsibilities, rights, and obligations of a company’s founders. It’s often referred to as a co-founder’s agreement. This document not only covers financial and operational aspects but also addresses critical issues like intellectual property rights and equity vesting schedules.


  • Preventing Disagreements: A key objective of a founder’s agreement is to prevent disputes and conflicts among co-founders by setting clear guidelines and boundaries for their collaboration.
  • Addressing Unforeseen Events: These agreements also play a crucial role in addressing unexpected events, such as the departure or death of a co-founder. This ensures the continuous growth and smooth operation of the company.

When it should be created:

A founder’s agreement should be established when co-founders are committing their time and resources to the company. It’s essential to clarify various aspects at this stage, such as:

  • Determining the Business: What the business will entail.
  • Time Commitment: How much time each co-founder can dedicate.
  • Roles and Duties: Assigning specific responsibilities to each co-founder.
  • Funding: Clarifying the financial contributions of each co-founder.

The Laws That Govern The Founder’s Agreement In India:

In India, the founder’s agreement is governed by several laws, including:

  • Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996
  • The Indian Contract Act, 1872
  • Companies Act, 2013
  • The Indian Partnership Act, 1932
  • LLP Act, 2008 Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008


  • Business and Co-Founders’ Names: Clearly state the business and list the co-founders.
  • Length of Validity: Specify the agreement’s duration.
  • Company Goals: Outline the goals and objectives of the company.
  • Roles and Responsibilities: Define the roles and responsibilities of each co-founder.
  • Equity Shares: Detail the distribution of equity among co-founders.
  • Ownership Structure: Describe the ownership structure and decision-making processes.
  • Vesting Clause: Explain how equity vesting works for co-founders.
  • Confidentiality Clause: Address the protection of sensitive company information.
  • Termination: Describe the conditions under which the agreement can be terminated.
  • Miscellaneous Clause: Include any additional clauses or terms specific to the business.


A well-drafted co-founder’s agreement offers numerous benefits to startups, including reducing conflicts, providing a governance framework, and instilling confidence in potential investors. This document signifies a strong foundation for the company, ready to handle future challenges. Conversely, the absence of such an agreement can deter investors and hinder the company’s financial success.


1. Why is a founder’s agreement important?

  • A founder’s agreement is important to prevent conflicts and misunderstandings among co-founders by clearly defining their roles and responsibilities.

2. What happens if there is no founder’s agreement in place?

  • Without a founder’s agreement, disputes and disagreements can arise, potentially harming the company’s growth and operations.

3. Is a founder’s agreement legally binding in India?

  • Yes, a founder’s agreement is legally binding in India and governed by various laws.

4. What is a vesting clause in a founder’s agreement?

  • A vesting clause outlines how ownership or equity shares are earned by co-founders over time, typically to incentivize commitment and long-term collaboration.

5. Do all startups need a founder’s agreement?

  • While not mandatory, it’s highly advisable for startups with multiple founders to have a founder’s agreement in place to prevent disputes and ensure smooth operations.

G.Durghasree B.A.B.L (Hons)

G Durghasree B.A.B.L (Hons) is a registered trademark attorney with extensive experience as an Advocate for a period of 8 years. She possesses expertise in trademark law, including trademark filing and trademark hearings. Additionally, she is skilled in contract drafting and reviewing, providing legal advice and opinions, particularly in the areas of Company Law, Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC), and Goods and Service Tax Law (GST). Her experience encompasses both litigation and non-litigation aspects of these laws.