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How to Copyright a Book in India?


Last Updated on June 11, 2024 by D. Lalitha B.L (Hons)

When someone formally records their property rights, it’s called registering copyright, granting sole rights to reproduce, distribute, and create derivative works. Copyrights must often be fixed in a tangible medium and can involve multiple authors with various usage rights. Performance rights in copyright law are akin to land sovereignty, limited by national boundaries. Copyright duration varies by country, typically lasting 50 to 100 years after the author’s death. Some countries require formalities for copyright, while others recognize it automatically. Once copyright expires, works enter the public domain. Intellectual property doesn’t protect ideas or facts; copyrighted content must be original and tangible.

Including A copyright section in a book:

Adding a copyright page to your work serves as a notice of protection under copyright law, deterring unauthorized copying or reproduction. This section should include author identity, publication year, ISBN for identification, book version, and rights reservation, along with a trademark symbol and warning against unauthorized use. It informs readers of the consequences of infringement and emphasizes the author’s legal rights.

Why Should Your Book Be Copyrighted?

  • Patents can protect books by establishing their production and supporting claims against copyright violations.
  • Trademarks can prevent bookshops from producing and selling unauthorized copies.
  • Copyright safeguards against plagiarism by other writers.
  • Instantly secure copyright upon creation or formal publishing.
  • In the US, civil penalties for plagiarism require copyright registration.
  • Comprehensive documentation establishes exclusive copyright ownership.
  • Proof of infringement is more challenging without prior knowledge of existing works.
  • Formal registration strengthens legal standing against infringement.
  • Awareness of copyright laws is crucial for protecting creative works.
  • Copyright registration provides evidence in legal proceedings.
  • Plagiarism can result in legal consequences.
  • Copyright infringement can harm authors financially and professionally.
  • Understanding copyright terms and conditions is essential for authors.
  • Copyright laws vary by country; familiarity with local regulations is necessary.
  • Seeking legal advice can help authors navigate copyright issues effectively.

Merits of Securing Copyright for a Book:

  • Copyright safeguards an author’s intellectual property, preventing unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution.
  • It establishes a legal framework for authors to take action against infringement, ensuring enforcement of their rights.
  • Authors retain control over the commercial aspects of their work, negotiating royalties and licensing agreements.
  • Copyright empowers authors to maintain creative control, preventing alterations or adaptations without consent.
  • Authors enjoy market exclusivity, with exclusive rights to reproduce, distribute, and display their work, giving them a competitive edge.

Information Required to copyright a book.

 Copyright registration provides crucial documentation for proving ownership and defending against infringement.

 Required information for copyrighting a book includes:

  • Name, citizenship, and residence of the applicant, specifying if they’re the proprietor or an agent.
  • Description and classification of the work, including the title and language.
  • Record date, preferably indicating the publication date in periodic publications if applicable.

Steps to Copyrighting a Book:

Registering your copyright is crucial for maximizing its benefits, providing essential constructive notice to the owner. Protecting a book in India is a clear and practical cycle including a few stages.

  • Visit to register your book, paying a fee of Rs 500.
  • Complete all details, including copies of your original work and personal information.
  • Provide identity proof and a detailed description of your work in the application.
  • Submit your application online or by mailing a physical copy to the Copyright Office.
  • Upon submission, receive a diary number to track your application’s progress.
  • Wait for approval; upon verification, receive a copyright certificate proving ownership of your work.

Should I copyright my book before sending it to an editor?

  • Sending your draft to an editor ensures finesse and polish before publication.
  • Choose a trusted editor to review your manuscript.
  • Copyright the final draft to protect your best work.
  • Avoid copyrighting drafts with mistakes; wait until after editing.
  • Kanakkupillai offers copyrighting services to streamline the process.
  • Access top-quality editor services from experienced professionals.
  • Two types of copyrights: for published and unpublished works.
  • Published works are typically error-free and receive a No Objection Certificate (NOC) during copyrighting.
  • NOC serves as proof of copyright and is not available for unpublished novels.
  • Copyrighting with a recognized firm like Kanakkupillai offers additional advantages.

Do publishers own the copyright?

  • Ownership of copyright depends on the contract between the author and the publisher.
  • In traditional publishing, publishers often acquire certain rights, including copyright, but not always.
  • Self-publishing allows authors to retain copyright ownership.
  • Authors should carefully review publishing contracts to understand copyright ownership terms.
  • Publishers may own copyright for specific editions or formats of a book, while authors retain rights for others.


Creating a literary work involves significant intellectual effort, symbolizing an author’s talent and creativity, leading the government to grant copyright as acknowledgment and reward. This exclusive right allows authors to commercially exploit their work and prevents unauthorized use without consent. While copyright is automatic upon creation, registration offers added protection against infringement and piracy. Although not compulsory, registration strengthens ownership claims and facilitates legal battles. Without it, proving ownership can be challenging, making registration advisable for safeguarding against unauthorized use.


  1. Copyrighting a book in India: How?

Visit website, fill form, submit documents, pay fee.

  1. What’s needed for copyright registration?

Essential documents include copies of the original work, personal identification, and a detailed description of the book.

  1. Can I copyright my book online?

Yes, Apply through mail or via online with Copyright Office’s website.

  1. what is the approval duration for copyright?

Application yields tracking number for progress. Approval timelines vary but typically take several months.

  1. Must I register copyright for protection?

Copyright is granted upon creation, but registration offers additional protection, recommended but not required.

  1. What are the benefits of copyright registration?

Registration strengthens ownership claims, facilitates legal battles against infringement, and provides tangible proof of ownership.

  1. What’s the cost for book copyrighting in India?

Copyright registration in India costs Rs 500, payable upon application submission.

  1. What rights does book copyright ownership entail?

Copyright ownership grants exclusive rights for book reproduction, distribution, adaptation, and display.

  1. Can I copyright multiple books under one application?

Yes, you can register multiple works, including books, under a single copyright application, provided they meet certain criteria.

D. Lalitha B.L (Hons)

D. Lalitha, B.L (Hons)., MBA., PGDIPL is a seasoned legal professional with extensive experience in contract drafting and reviewing, now ventures into the realm of content writing. With 6 years of experience, she brings a deep understanding of complex legal concepts and a knack for clear communication. Eager to leverage her expertise to craft compelling legal content, she committed to producing informative and engaging articles that resonate with diverse audiences.