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How to Register an NGO Online for Section 8 Company in India?


Register an NGO Online for Section 8 Company

In a diverse and dynamic country like India, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) have emerged as beacons of hope, working tirelessly to address a wide array of social and environmental issues. Many NGOs register as Section 8 companies under the Companies Act 2013 to harness their potential and offer a formal structure. This legal classification grants them non-profit status and facilitates their ability to secure funding and access various tax benefits.

In this comprehensive guide, we embark on a journey to demystify the intricate process of registering an NGO online as a Section 8 company in India. This step-by-step roadmap is designed to equip aspiring philanthropists, social entrepreneurs, and change-makers with the knowledge and tools needed to navigate the bureaucratic complexities of Indian company law.

Our mission is clear: to empower individuals and organisations with the means to formalise their noble aspirations and amplify their impact on society. From choosing a suitable name that encapsulates the essence of your mission to the meticulous drafting of the Memorandum and Articles of Association that govern your organisation’s principles, we will traverse every milestone in this transformative journey.

Whether you are embarking on a mission to alleviate poverty, promote education, or drive environmental conservation, understanding the Section 8 company registration process is your first step toward realizing your philanthropic vision in India. Together, we will unlock the potential of your NGO, making it a force for positive change and a beacon of hope in the vast tapestry of India’s social landscape.

Understanding Section 8 Company Registration

Section 8 of the Companies Act 2013 is specifically designed for non-profit organizations. Under the Companies Act 2013, the primary objective of forming Section 8 companies is to promote charity, science, art, education, religion, or any other charitable purpose. These organizations work for the betterment of society and do not share the profit (if any) earned among its members. Section 8 companies are exempt from using the word “Limited” or “Private Limited” at the end of their name, and they can enjoy various tax benefits and exemptions.

Step 1: Choosing a Suitable Name

The first step in registering an NGO as a Section 8 company is selecting a unique and relevant name for the organization. Ensure that the chosen name complies with the naming guidelines set by India’s Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA). You can use the online MCA portal to check the availability of the name chosen or enlisted. It’s advisable to choose a name that reflects the objectives and mission of your NGO.

Step 2: Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Articles of Association (AOA)

The MOA and AOA are essential documents that outline the objectives, rules, and regulations of your NGO. These documents must be drafted in compliance with Section 8 of the Companies Act. Seek professional legal advice or consult an expert in company law to ensure that your MOA and AOA align with the requirements.

Step 3: Obtaining Digital Signatures

You must obtain digital signatures for the proposed directors and subscribers to file various documents electronically with the Registrar of Companies (ROC). Digital signatures can be obtained from authorized agencies or certified practitioners. It is a crucial step to ensure the authenticity and security of your online submissions.

Step 4: Director Identification Number (DIN)

Directors of a Section 8 company must obtain a Director Identification Number (DIN) from the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. You can apply for DIN online through the MCA portal. Ensure that all directors have their DINs before proceeding further.

Step 5: Application for Section 8 License

The next step is to apply for a license under Section 8 of the Companies Act. Prepare a comprehensive application including the following documents:

  • MOA and AOA
  • Declaration by directors and subscribers
  • Statement of affairs of the company
  • Estimate of the future annual income and expenditure
  • Statement specifying the source of income and property of the company
  • Submit these documents online through the MCA portal, along with the required fees. The ROC will review your application and may seek clarifications or additional documents if necessary.

Step 6: Approval from ROC

Once the ROC is satisfied with your application, they will issue a license under Section 8. This license confirms your NGO’s status as a Section 8 company. The ROC will also issue a Certificate of Incorporation as legal proof of your NGO’s existence.

Step 7: PAN and TAN Registration

After obtaining the Certificate of Incorporation, you should apply for a Permanent Account Number (PAN) and Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number (TAN) for your NGO. These numbers are essential for your NGO’s financial transactions and tax compliance.

Step 8: Registration under the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010

If your NGO intends to receive foreign contributions, you must register under the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010 (FCRA). FCRA registration is crucial for NGOs engaged in activities that involve foreign funding.

Step 9: Bank Account and Funding

Open a bank account in the name of your Section 8 company. For this purpose, you will need the Certificate of Incorporation, PAN, and TAN. Once your bank account is operational, you can seek funding for your NGO’s activities. Many government and non-government organizations provide grants and support to registered NGOs.

Step 10: Comply with Statutory Requirements

To maintain your NGO’s Section 8 status, you must comply with various statutory requirements, including:

  • Annual General Meeting (AGM): Conduct an AGM within six months of the close of the financial year and file annual financial statements with the ROC.
  • Income Tax Returns: File income tax returns per the applicable laws for NGOs.
  • Maintain Books of Accounts: Maintain proper accounting records and comply with accounting standards.
  • Regular Reporting: Submit annual reports to the ROC detailing the activities and financials of your NGO.
  • Maintain Transparency: Adhere to the transparency and disclosure requirements specified for Section 8 companies.

Benefits of Registering an NGO as a Section 8 Company

Registering an NGO as a Section 8 company in India offers several significant benefits, which include:

  • Legal Recognition: Section 8 companies enjoy legal recognition, enhancing their credibility and trustworthiness among donors, partners, and beneficiaries.
  • Non-Profit Status: Section 8 companies are inherently non-profit, meaning their primary objective is to promote charitable activities rather than generating profits for members.
  • Tax Exemptions: Section 8 companies are eligible for various tax exemptions, including income tax, making securing funding and allocating resources for charitable purposes easier.
  • Limited Liability: Members of a Section 8 company have limited liability, protecting their personal assets in case of financial liabilities.
  • No Minimum Capital Requirement: Unlike some other types of companies, Section 8 companies do not have a minimum capital requirement, making them accessible to a wider range of individuals and organizations.
  • Easy Transferability: It is relatively straightforward to transfer the ownership or management of a Section 8 company, ensuring the continuity of charitable activities.
  • Perpetual Existence: Section 8 companies have perpetual succession, meaning they can continue to exist even if the original founders or members change.
  • Attracts Funding: The non-profit status and tax benefits of Section 8 companies make them attractive to potential donors, increasing their ability to secure funding for charitable projects.
  • Greater Accountability: Section 8 companies are subject to strict regulatory oversight, ensuring transparency and accountability in their operations.
  • Philanthropic Impact: By registering as a Section 8 company, NGOs can focus on their core mission of promoting charitable activities and positively impacting society.

Why is NGO important?

Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) play a crucial role in a country like India for several reasons:

  • Social Welfare: India faces numerous social challenges, including poverty, healthcare disparities, illiteracy, and gender inequality. NGOs work tirelessly to address these issues, providing essential services and support to vulnerable populations.
  • Bridge Gaps in Government Services: NGOs often fill gaps in government service delivery, especially in remote and underserved areas. They provide vital healthcare, education, and infrastructure support where government resources may be limited.
  • Advocacy and Awareness: NGOs advocate for marginalized communities, bringing their concerns to the forefront of public discourse and pushing for policy changes that benefit the underprivileged.
  • Disaster Relief: NGOs provide immediate relief and long-term rehabilitation in the aftermath of natural disasters and emergencies.
  • Promote Sustainable Development: Many NGOs focus on sustainable development, empowering communities to become self-reliant and environmentally conscious.
  • Innovation and Experimentation: NGOs have the flexibility to innovate and experiment with new approaches to address complex social problems, often serving as laboratories for effective solutions.
  • Grassroots Engagement: NGOs work closely with local communities to understand their unique needs and tailor interventions accordingly.
  • Encourage Civic Participation: NGOs promote civic engagement, encouraging individuals to participate in social causes and volunteerism, fostering a culture of active citizenship.


In conclusion, the journey of registering an NGO online as a Section 8 company in India is a transformative one. It is a testament to your commitment to serving the greater good and positively impacting society. While the process may appear intricate and time-consuming, it ultimately paves the way for your charitable organisation’s smoother and more effective operation.

As you embark on this path, remember that the real essence of your NGO lies in its mission, the difference it can make in the lives of people, and the positive change it can bring to the communities you serve. The Section 8 status is not just a legal recognition but a symbol of your dedication to transparency, accountability, and the pursuit of noble objectives.

Through adherence to the legal requirements, transparency in financial dealings, and a relentless focus on your mission, your Section 8 NGO can become a beacon of hope, a force for positive change, and a catalyst for progress. Embrace this journey with enthusiasm, and may your NGO’s endeavours bring about lasting, meaningful improvements in the world, fulfilling the dreams and aspirations of those who depend on your invaluable work.

Choosing Kanakkupillai for registering your NGO as a Section 8 company in India is wise due to its expertise and comprehensive support. With a team of experienced professionals in company law and NGO registration, Kanakkupillai offers tailored services to streamline the process. Here’s how they can aid you:

  • Expert Guidance: Kanakkupillai provides expert guidance on all aspects of Section 8 company registration, from choosing the right name to drafting MOA and AOA that align with your NGO’s mission.
  • Hassle-Free Process: They handle the entire registration process, ensuring compliance with legal requirements, thus saving you time and effort.
  • Documentation: Kanakkupillai assists in preparing and submitting all necessary documents, including the Section 8 license application and other statutory requirements.
  • Speedy Approvals: Their experience expedites the approval process, quickly registering your NGO.
  • Post-Registration Support: They continue to provide support even after registration, helping with compliance, tax registrations, and ongoing legal obligations.

With Kanakkupillai, you can start your journey to make a difference without getting bogged down by administrative complexities. Choose them as your partner for NGO registration and take the first step towards your charitable goals today.


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