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Key Management Personnel Under Companies Act 2013


Key Management Personnel (KMP), as a term, refers to the employees of an organization who hold the highest rankings and functions. They are the agents of change in an organization since they play the role of formulating strategies and implementing them while being the first point of contact for all stakeholders. The Companies Act requires Certain sorts of companies to employ such individuals. This article examines this classification, which is important under the 2013 Companies Act.

Who are the main persons in management?

The Companies Act of 2013 expanded the scope of the definition of Key Managerial Personnel beyond a Managing Director, Whole Time Director, and Manager, as the 1956 Act did.

The Chief Executive Officer (CEO), Company Secretary, full-time director, CFO, and any other officials as may be mandated are included in the present meaning of the word. A Key Managerial Personnel (KMP) is an “Officer” for this Act.

It should be mentioned that businesses are not allowed to hire or employ a managing director and a manager simultaneously. Additionally, no one may be appointed to or retained as the CEO, Managing Director, Manager, Whole-Time Director, or any position for over five years. Additionally, reappointments cannot be made earlier than one year before the end of the term in question (conditions depending on additional clauses).

What led to the formation of the Key Managerial Personnel?

The Indian Companies Act 2013 replaced the obsolete Indian Companies Act 1956, which is now seen as a flagship legislation full of ideas and innovations intended to improve corporate sector accountability and promote the reputation of an organisation by harmonising professionalism.

The idea of key managerial personnel was one of the new ideas.

Key Managerial Personnel are present in Indian firms for the following reasons:

  • Improved Corporate Governance: KMPs are crucial to preserving accountability and openness inside the company. They ensure the business operates morally and compliantly with all relevant laws and rules.
  • Decision-Making and Policy Development:  It is KMPs that make critical decisions that significantly impact the growth of a business and its profitability. They play a crucial role in ensuring that the company achieves its goal by facilitating the process of developing and delivering on strategies.
  • Adherence to Legal Requirements:  This is no longer an option but a must; this means that companies must choose specific Key Managerial Personnel, including Chief Financial Officers, Company Secretaries, and Managing Directors, under the Companies Act of 2013. These officers are responsible for ensuring that the business moves under those various laws and tends to maintain its freedom from legal problems and penalties.
  • Support of Stakeholder Interests:  The role of Key Managerial Personnel involves serving as a mediator between an organization’s executive and the many stakeholders, including vendors, customers, investors and governmental agencies. They ensure that the balance and representation of interests between those involved in the decision-making are well captured and incorporated.
  • Risk Management:  KMPs hold the key to identifying and mitigating such risks that emerge from the ongoing activities of an organization. They participate in designing and implementing risk management programs to minimize threats to the level and reputation of the business.
  • Financial Management and Accounting: Chief Financial Officers (CFOs), in particular, are accountable for overseeing the company’s finances, ensuring accurate financial reporting, and preserving investor trust. They are also essential to resource management and overall financial planning.

In conclusion, Key Managerial Personnel are critical to the smooth operation and expansion of Indian businesses. They are essential to decision-making, strategy formulation, handling risk, financial management, and guaranteeing legal compliance.

Qualifying Companies

All publicly traded enterprises and other public companies with paid-up capital of Rs. 10 crores or more are required to hire the following KMPs, as stated explicitly by Section 203 of the Companies Act, 2013, read in conjunction with Rule 8 of the Companies Rules, 2014:

  • Company Secretary (CS) 
  • Chief Financial Officer (CFO) 
  • Managing Director
  • Chief Executive Officer

In addition, businesses that do not meet the requirements above and do not have a paid-up share capital of INR 5 crores or more must choose a full-time company secretary.

Norms of Appointment

The Board of Directors’ approval must be obtained at a meeting before a board resolution can make KMP appointments. Such a resolution must include the appointment’s terms and circumstances and the compensation specifics. Following the appointment, the business has sixty days from the appointment date to submit a return in the required form with the Registrar.

Having Offices in Several Companies

Ordinarily, a full-time KMP cannot have an office in multiple organizations at once. However, if the following requirements are met, a corporation may admit a Managing Director who currently holds this title in numerous organizations to its ranks:

  • All approved the resolution that approved the directors’ appointment at the board meeting.
  • A particular notification announcing the holding of this meeting was given to every director present in India at the time.

The duties and roles of key personnel

The Companies Act of 2013 has placed a heavy burden of accountability on key management personnel, holding them accountable for any violations. Key Management Personnel are responsible for carrying out the managerial function of making significant decisions. A company’s future depends on the performance of its key management personnel, and the fallout from KMP’s mistakes could have a detrimental influence on the organization. Below are a few of their primary duties and roles:

  • Key Management Personnel’s securities assets in the firm, its holdings, subsidiaries, affiliated companies, or a company subsidiary must be disclosed and registered in the Registrar of the Books by Section 170 of the Act.
  • When the Audit Committee debates the auditor’s report, key management personnel have a right to be heard. They are not, however, eligible to vote. Key Management Personnel are obligated by Section 189(2) to report to the firm, within a month of their appointment, any concerns or interests regarding the other associations that need to be listed in the register.
  • In addition to signing contracts, notices, checks, and other essential paperwork on behalf of the business as permitted by the board of directors, KMPs are also accountable for adhering to the Companies Act, which classifies them as “officers in default” if the company defaults. In such a scenario, any KMP must prioritize compliance with the applicable statute, guidelines, and regulations.

Is It Necessary to Appoint a Key Personnel Manager?

Any listed company must appoint a full-time key managerial personnel member. KMPs must be appointed by public corporations with a share capital of at least Rs. 5 crores. Additionally, any business that has paid up capital of at least 10 crores must designate important managerial staff members. Only specific prescribed sorts of corporations are mandated to appoint a full-time Key Managerial Personnel, as stated in Section 203(1) of the Corporations Act.

Furthermore, an organization not covered by Rule 8 and with a paid-up capital of five crore rupees or more must have a full-time chief executive officer (CS) according to Rule 8A of the Key Managerial Personnel Rules.

However, this does not preclude any other business from designating Key Managerial Personnel. Therefore, a corporation exempt from section 203(1) can hire any or all Key Managerial Personnel at its discretion.

How to Designate a Crucial Personnel Manager

Every full-time key manager employed by a company will be appointed according to the guidelines established by the board in a resolution that was approved at a board meeting.

In general, the Companies (Meeting of Board and its Powers) Rules, 2014, in conjunction with Section 179(3) of the Companies Act of 2013, state that the board will conduct business about recruiting or removing Key Managerial Personnel during meetings.

Additionally, a resolution outlining the conditions of appointment, including compensation, must be passed by the board to employ full-time key managerial personnel.

According to Section 196 of the Companies Act of 2013, if a public company, other than a public or private company, appoints a Managing Director or Whole-time Director, the appointment must also be authorized by the shareholders at the following general meeting following the board of directors’ appointment.

A harmonious workplace is established and kept up by competent personnel management. This entails making certain that the company’s benefits and pay plan promotes achievement, as well as having strong health and safety regulations, employee discipline and grievance procedures, and efficient communication systems.

For people management, ensuring the performance assessment process is strong is essential. Supporting programs that encourage good attitudes and high employee morale is also essential.


Key management people, also known as key managerial persons, refer to those organisation workers with the most vested parts and functionalities. They are responsible for developing and carrying out corporate strategies and serve as the first point of contact between the organization and its stakeholders. Key managerial staff can directly and indirectly plan and oversee company activities. The Firms Act requires Certain sorts of firms to employ such individuals.


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