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Role of International Classification of Goods and Services in Trademark Identification


Last Updated on June 3, 2024 by D. Lalitha B.L (Hons)

The ICGS is a valuable asset in trademark registration, providing a standardized structure for identification and categorization. With its strong structure, it guarantees accuracy, ensures legal compliance, and facilitates the seamless process of international registration. These mechanisms serve to protect trademarks, mitigate confusion, and elevate brand value across a spectrum of industries. Its role is pivotal in maintaining the integrity and consistency of trademark systems globally, promoting trust and coherence in the marketplace.

What is Trademark Identification?

How a brand differentiates itself from competitors is through trademark identification. It includes creating and defending unusual names, emblems, logos, or catchphrases that consumers connect with particular goods or services.

Trademark identification serves essential functions such as

  • Brand recognition,
  • Consumer choice,
  • Market differentiation,
  • Brand trust, and
  • Legal protection.

It aids in brand recognition, decision-making, and differentiating one brand from rivals. Reliable trademark identification protects a company’s reputation and avoids misunderstanding, while legal protection keeps customers having faith in the brand.

Structure of the ICGS

The ICGS is divided into 45 classes, with 34 classes dedicated to goods and 11 to services. Here’s a detailed breakdown:

  1. Goods Classes (Classes 1-34):

Class 1: Chemicals – Envelops many complex materials, ranging from necessary Chemicals to complex mixtures utilised in various endeavours.

Class 2: Paints and Coatings – Incorporates paints, stains, and related items.

Class 3: Beauty care products and Cleaning Arrangements – Covers beauty care products, aromas, and cleaning supplies.

Class 4: Ointments and Fuels – Relates to oils, greases, and powers for different applications.

Class 5: Clinical Gadgets and Drug – This class includes medical equipment, drugs, and therapeutic advantage products.

Class 6: Metals and Metal Goods- Incorporates metals, composites, and metal objects.

Class 7: Machinery and Tools – Manages the devices, hardware, and gear utilised underway and building.

Class 8: Hand Devices and Executes – This course covers manual tools and implements utilised in various trades.

Class 9: Hardware and Scientific gadgets use electronic contraptions, scientific instruments, and programming.

Class 10: Clinical Instruments – includes medical equipment, contraptions, and careful gear.

Class 11: Machines and Lighting hardware and equipment are included.

Class 12: Vehicles – This class consolidates automobiles in addition to their parts, ruffle, and fittings.

Class 13: Firearms and Ammunition – Covers weapons, ammunition, and related things.

Class 14: Jewellery and Valuable Metals consolidates jewels, watches, and important metals.

Class 15: spotlights on instruments, frills, and printed music.

Class 16: Paper Goods and Printed Matter includes paper, writing material, books, and written words.

Class 17: Elastic and plastics and associated materials.

Class 18: Leather and Leather Goods- Incorporates calfskin, sacks, wallets, and comparable items.

Class 19: Building Materials – Incorporates building materials, non-metallic advancements, and development parts.

Class 20: Furniture and Articles Not Regardless, ordered – Incorporates furniture, mirrors, and random things.

Class 21: Housewares and Glass – Incorporates homegrown things, culinary utensils, and glass.

Class 22: Ropes and Cordage – Incorporates ropes, strings, and similar substances.

Class 23: Yarns and Strings – Incorporates yarns, strings, and materials.

Class 24: Fabrics and Textiles – Talks about textures, materials, and material objects.

Class 25: Dress and Wear include clothing, shoes, and headgear.

Class 26: Haberdashery and Notions – Incorporates ideas, strips, and other related things.

Class 27: Covers and Floor Covers – Covers rugs, carpets, and deck.

Class 28: Games and Toys – Covers games, toys, and athletic things.

Class 29: Meats and Handled Food types include fish, meat, and dairy products.

Class 30: Staple Food varieties – Incorporates staple food sources, flavours, and fixings.

Class 31: Normal Farming Items combine the two regular rural goods and live animals.

Class 32: Non-Cocktails – Incorporates non-cocktails.

Class 33: Cocktails – Manages cocktails.

Class 34: Tobacco and Smokers’ Articles – Incorporates tobacco products and smoking extras.

  1. Services Classes (Classes 35-45):

Class 35: Promoting and Business Services – Includes publicising, business leaders, and office capabilities.

Class 36: Insurance and Monetary Services – Covers safeguards, financial management, and land services.

Class 37: Construction and Fix Services – Connects with construction, fix, and installation services.

Class 38: Telecommunications Services – Pertains to telecommunications and broadcasting services.

Class 39: Transportation and Storage Services – Covers transportation and storage services.

Class 40: Treatment of Materials – Encompasses services related to material treatment, like personalised manufacturing and textile treatment.

Class 41: Education and Entertainment Services – Relates to education, entertainment, and cultural services.

Class 42: Scientific and Technological Services – Covers scientific, innovative, and research Services.

Class 43: Food Services – Relates to services given by restaurants and hotels, as well as catering.

Class 44: Clinical and Beauty Services – encompasses clinical and excellent, as well as medical care services.

Class 45: Personal and Legal Services – Relates to personal and legal services, including security services.

Importance of Proper Classification:

Here are some key reasons why appropriate categorisation is important:

  • Legal requirements demand that a brand be registered under specific classes
  • Providing clarity and protection.
  • Erroneous categorisation may lead to rejection or invalidation. Correct categorisation guarantees clarity, efficient search and analysis, and
  • Appropriate protection scope, preventing confusion and disputes. Additionally, it minimises conflicting trademarks.

The Role of the ICGS in Trademark Registration:

The following gives a standardised structure for recognising and registering such organisations. The International Classification of Goods and Services (ICGS) is a necessary instrument in the registration and categorisation of trademarks:

  • The International Classification System for Trademarks (ICGS) is a crucial tool for global standardisation, Enabling the registration of trademarks in many countries and legal jurisdictions.
  • The Madrid System for the International Trademark Registration of Marks facilitates accurate registration of trademarks, ensuring that protection aligns with commercial endeavours. The ICGS also aids in keeping trademark dilution at bay and Stopping trademark infringement by providing distinct classes for different types of products and services.
  • It also makes things simpler the process of submitting applications for trademarks in multiple countries, permitting owners of trademarks to designate relevant classes among different member countries.
  • Moreover, ICGS makes trademark renewal and maintenance, permitting owners of trademarks to update their registrations based on changes in their offerings.
  • Additionally, it strengthens trademark defence by identifying and protecting marks in categories not at first thought, preventing potential infringements and defending the brand’s reputation.


The ICGS is a crucial tool for trademark registration, providing a formalised framework for identification and categorisation. It ensures accuracy, legal compliance, and streamlines international registration, protecting trademarks, preventing confusion, and strengthening the brand value across diverse industries.


  1. What is the meaning of involving the NICE classification system in the registration of a brand trademark?

The NICE classification system is a universally perceived and extensively engaged system for the categorisation of trademarks. It ensures a standardised approach to Trademark Classification across the world. So, using the NICE classification system helps maintain consistency and clarity while registering a trademark process globally.

  1. What might happen if you select the incorrect trademark class when registering a trademark?

Using the wrong trademark class could to a number of issues. Perhaps your trademark doesn’t receive the appropriate level of defence within the intended scope as a result. It may occasionally result in complaints or any challenges encountered throughout the registration process. For this reason, it’s imperative that properly classify your products or services in order to ensure sufficient safety and avoid any problems.

  1. Is it possible for me to register my trademark for one class first and then another?

Indeed, you can register your trademark for one class and then for another; still, carrying out so will need travelling through the registration cycle in the future.

  1. Can I determine the class in accordance with the Nice Classification on my own?

Certainly, you can determine the class of your trademark on your own. Even in the event that utilisation of all the information given on the site, but without necessary but useful skills you may make a mistake in accurate selection of the class.

If the wrong class is chosen, you risk registering your trademark underneath the classes not relevant to your business and wasting money as a result of this.

  1. Is it possible for me to register my trademark for every Nice Classification class?

You can register your trademark in any category of products and services listed in the Nice Classification if that is appropriate. In this case, there will be a significant rise in the costs associated with paying the state-imposed fee.

D. Lalitha B.L (Hons)

D. Lalitha, B.L (Hons)., MBA., PGDIPL is a seasoned legal professional with extensive experience in contract drafting and reviewing, now ventures into the realm of content writing. With 6 years of experience, she brings a deep understanding of complex legal concepts and a knack for clear communication. Eager to leverage her expertise to craft compelling legal content, she committed to producing informative and engaging articles that resonate with diverse audiences.