You are currently viewing The Future of Foreign Investments: Indian Subsidiary Company Registration in the Digital Age

The Future of Foreign Investments: Indian Subsidiary Company Registration in the Digital Age


Last Updated on June 18, 2024 by Kanakkupillai

Foreign investment is an invaluable non-debt financial source for India’s economic development. It provides technical expertise, job creation and global competitive advantage – three essential ingredients of its economic success. To attract more investments, the Indian government has relaxed its foreign direct investment policies in various sectors. Some types of FDI may be permitted via automatic channels, while others require government approval.

India’s Favourable Business Environment

The Indian economy has opened up due to national initiatives like Make in India, Digital India and Skill India, with rapid economic growth among emerging economies making India one of the most attractive places for investment and knowledge from outside sources. India boasts over 1.3 billion people, a rising middle class, and increasing incomes, thus creating enormous demand for goods and services in this market.

Government policies to attract foreign investment include lowering regulations, encouraging competition and creating an inviting business environment, cutting taxes, opening capital markets, and providing tax relief and access. These efforts have increased productivity, economic growth and employment opportunities; however, to maintain this success and draw foreign investments, more reforms must be implemented while maintaining stability and addressing any remaining challenges.

The Indian market offers numerous sectors significant growth potential, from agriculture and energy to consumer products. India boasts an enormous consumer base and low labour costs, making it attractive to companies seeking expansion into Asia.

India’s flourishing e-commerce sector is powered by new technologies and increasing consumer awareness, creating opportunities for entrepreneurs. Doing business in India may present some unique challenges to foreign firms due to various state governments’ laws and regulations, which must be considered when conducting operations there.

Foreign investors can invest in India through various mechanisms, including greenfield investments. Greenfield investments offer the greatest control for investors and can include constructing production facilities or hiring and training employees; however, these investors must abide by stringent pricing guidelines and report regularly.

Indian authorities have increased Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) limits across multiple sectors to promote foreign investment, raising FDI equity caps to 100% across defence, civil aviation, pharma and single-brand retailing in July 2016. Furthermore, insurance sector limits were raised from 50-74%.

FDI in the Renewable Energy Sector

Foreign investment in renewable energy is flourishing rapidly. It is one of the fastest-growing sectors of the global economy, serving as a catalyst for economic development, expanding local companies, creating job opportunities and stimulating innovation. Unfortunately, developing countries’ investment environments are sometimes complex and special efforts may be required to attract FDI. The main challenges investors face include difficulties implementing an ideal climate for investments, regulatory barriers, risks associated with incentive schemes, financial challenges or issues within energy markets that impede them from gaining access.

Though foreign direct investment (FDI) can be invaluable in developing renewables, its environmental impacts remain uncertain. Studies on this relationship between FDI and pollution vary; some suggest it reduces environmental burden by replacing outdated technology, while other researchers believe FDI increases energy consumption in developing countries by shifting polluting industries to ones with lower regulations (De Pascale et al. 2020; Singhania and Saini 2021; Yilanci et al. 2020).

Some scholars have discovered that Foreign Direct Investment has a detrimental impact on the environment, as FDI often results in the transfer of polluting industries from developed to developing nations. At the same time, renewable energy technologies require additional electricity usage, causing further pollution from power plants. On the contrary, other scholars have discovered that investing in renewable energy doesn’t cause environmental damage.

Renewable energy investments have multiple beneficial impacts on tourism. They can reduce dependence on fossil fuels, improve the living conditions of tourists and promote international trade. Furthermore, this form of investment gives investors access to new technology and markets.

Investment in renewable energy sectors is integral to BRI economies’ sustainable development. Foreign Direct Investment can advocate for cleaner energy use that is crucial for economic development and social welfare, thus creating an investment climate favourable to renewable energy investments and providing incentives.

FDI in the Telecom Sector

Telecommunication is one of India’s fastest-growing sectors, and investing in this sector can contribute significantly to economic development and job creation. The government is currently focused on upgrading telecom infrastructure to create an increasingly digital economy and increase services and productivity; foreign investment in telecom is crucial in reaching this goal.

The government recently unveiled reforms in the telecom sector designed to attract greater foreign investment, including permitting 100% FDI in telecom services and infrastructure providers (previously limited to 49% under automatic route and anything beyond required government approval). Furthermore, restrictions were eased regarding foreign ownership in this area of industry.

Due to these developments, FDI in the telecom sector has seen significant increases due to a surge in data consumption and connectivity demands resulting from online education, work-from-home opportunities, virtual meetings and social media connections – factors that have created an increased need for connectivity and necessitated upgrading the country’s telecom infrastructure.

Apart from increasing FDI in telecom, the government has also reduced taxes and made it easier for companies to expand their networks. Telecom companies, for example, can now use foreign funds to build additional towers to serve more customers while making greater profits. Furthermore, tariffs for international calls have also been decreased significantly.

State-owned firms traditionally dominated India’s telecommunications industry; despite this fact, its infrastructure still requires significant investments – especially to implement next-generation technology that requires considerable funds for rollout.

Indian authorities are trying to entice foreign investors with measures designed to improve infrastructure, increase subscriber numbers, and encourage the development of faster technologies such as 5G. Therefore, its future depends upon how rapidly a country can develop and implement these newer technologies.

FDI in the Space Sector

Space sector investments offer great potential. Yet until now, it has been difficult for private companies to invest due to unclear foreign direct investment limits; their impending removal should attract investors while helping Indian firms enhance their capabilities.

ISRO Chairperson Pawan Sivan noted that the new Foreign Direct Investment policy allows 100% FDI in three activities related to space exploration: satellite establishment and operations, launch vehicle operation and manufacturing, and subsystem manufacturing. He believed this move would mark a key step towards opening up space to private investment by foreign firms and expanding India’s share in the global space economy, which currently stands at less than 2%.

The Indian space industry has historically been under strong government control, with ISRO acting as operator and regulator. This has limited participation by private players – many of whom often view ISRO as their rival – which hindered industry growth while making it hard for India to compete against other nations in its field.

Governments must first provide clear rules and regulations to encourage foreign investment in space sector projects. Furthermore, collaboration among domestic and foreign firms should be encouraged to foster innovation – this has proven successful in the United States, where strong collaboration cultures allow private companies to work alongside government agencies that help improve NASA’s performance while cutting costs while creating technological advancements.

Foreign investments are key to India’s space sector development. They provide essential technology, capital, and expertise that boost India’s competitive edge internationally. In addition to improving economic growth, these foreign investments create jobs and business opportunities.

The government has taken several measures to encourage foreign investment in the space sector, such as creating a special fund dedicated to attracting such investments and relaxing approval requirements for such investments by eliminating Prime Minister approval requirements for specific projects such as airports, grade 1 seaports; casinos; oil and gas exploration/production/refining activities/telecommunication infrastructure etc.

Indian Subsidiary Company Registration

As India becomes an ever-more lucrative economic powerhouse, foreign businesses are investing increasingly by setting up Indian subsidiary companies – but this process can be complex and time-consuming.

Documents needed to register an Indian subsidiary company vary based on its nature and industry, so our team at Kanukkapillai will assist with each step in the registration process.

  1. Choosing a Unique Name

An Indian subsidiary company is ideal for parent firms to expand into different industries and regions. It functions independently from its parent firm while adhering to all relevant Indian laws for foreign investments.

One of the first steps in opening a subsidiary in India is selecting an appropriate name. Doing this will ensure no similar names exist and facilitate incorporation proceedings more quickly. Furthermore, its purpose should also be communicated through its meaning.

Foreign companies investing in India can establish wholly-owned subsidiaries or form joint ventures with Indian partners. All foreign investments must comply with Foreign Direct Investment regulations and receive approval from the Reserve Bank of India before proceeding.

Before setting up their company, foreign investors must obtain a Director Identification Number (DIN), which will serve as their ID and never expire.

  1. Drafting Essential Documents

Important documents needed in registering an Indian subsidiary company must first be prepared, including a resolution from your parent company requesting official permission to form one.

Power of Attorney allows someone in India to file the SPICe+ application and handle related matters. Establishing an Indian subsidiary company is essential for any foreign corporation looking to venture into its rapidly expanding market.

A subsidiary company is considered a legal person, meaning it can own and dispose of property under its name, raise funds from venture capitalists or financial institutions for expansion purposes and enjoy perpetual succession – giving greater potential to achieve higher profits over time.

  1. Filing the SPICe+ Application

SPICe Form provides access to services provided by several Central Government Ministries and Departments, streamlining and simplifying the process of forming a company in India while increasing transparency, reducing manual intervention, and making it simpler for applicants to track the status of their applications.

Before submitting the SPICe+ form, you must provide accurate information. Use the “pre-scrutiny” check option to review what has been submitted; all required documents should also have been uploaded. Once the SPICe+ form has been completed, sign it digitally with your digital signature and fill any linked forms such as AGILE-PRO, SPICe+MoA, URC-1 or INC-9 forms accordingly.

Payment will be processed using the Service Request Number that will be provided, and your documents will then be approved for incorporation by the MCA. Your application should then be successful!

  1. Opening a Bank Account

Once the Registrar of Companies approves your incorporation application, it’s time to open a bank account for your new India subsidiary company. This step will facilitate day-to-day business operations on its behalf.

At this stage, an incorporated entity must file applications for PAN (Permanent Account Number) and TAN (Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number), CIN (Corporate Identity Number), as well as DINs for its directors as well as DSCs (Digital Signature Certificates) before finalizing registration process.

Once all these steps have been completed, the ROC will provide its certificate of incorporation, which allows a company to begin operations in India. Please remember that to remain compliant. Parents should adhere to all laws and regulations in India’s 2013 Companies Act; additional steps include securing a GST registration number and adhering to labour laws or industry-specific regulations.


Welcome to! Hello there, I'm Supreena, a legal advisor deeply passionate about entrepreneurship and dedicated to helping business owners and startup enthusiasts navigate the complex landscape of business formation, growth, and success. My profound understanding of the intricate aspects of various industries, legal frameworks, and strategies for sustainable growth makes me your trusted partner in achieving your business goals. With a commitment to promoting diversity and inclusivity in the business world, I firmly believe that every entrepreneur, regardless of their background, should have access to the legal expertise and guidance needed to thrive in the competitive startup ecosystem. I am honored to be part of your journey toward entrepreneurial success through this blog, where I'll provide valuable legal insights and strategies tailored to your business needs. Thank you for entrusting me with the opportunity to contribute to your path to business prosperity. For more information and resources, please visit