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What You Need to Know Before Starting a Proprietorship Business in India



If you’re thinking about starting a business in India, one of the options available to you is a proprietorship business. A sole proprietorship business is a type of business where a single person owns and manages the business. This person is known as the proprietor. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at what a proprietorship business is and what you need to know before starting one in India.

Importance of Firm Registration for Proprietorship

Before we dive into the details of proprietorship firm registration, it’s important to understand why it’s important to register your business. Firm registration for proprietorship is important because it gives your business legal recognition. This means that your business will be treated as a separate legal entity from you as an individual. This is important because it protects your personal assets in case your business runs into financial trouble.

Key Takeaways

  1. Proprietorship is the simplest and most popular form of business entity in India, which is owned and controlled by a single person.
  2. The registration process for proprietorship in India is straightforward and can be completed online or offline by filing an application with the Registrar of Firms.
  3. The proprietor is personally liable for all the debts and obligations of the business, and there is no legal distinction between the proprietor and the business.
  4. Proprietorship businesses are not required to file audited financial statements with the Registrar of Companies, but they need to maintain proper accounting records and file income tax returns annually.
  5. The proprietorship business must obtain necessary licenses and permits required by the law to carry out its activities, such as a Shop and Establishment Act registration, GST registration, and professional tax registration.
  6. Proprietorship businesses are eligible for various government schemes and subsidies, such as Mudra Loan, Stand-Up India, and Startup India.
  7. Proprietorship businesses have some limitations, such as limited access to capital, limited liability protection, and lack of perpetual existence.

Procedure for Proprietorship Registration in India

The process for proprietorship registration in India is relatively simple and can be done online. However, there are certain requirements and documents that you’ll need to provide. The requirements for proprietorship registration in India include:

Requirements for proprietorship registration

  • The proprietor must be a resident of India
  • The proprietor must have a PAN (Permanent Account Number)
  • The proprietor must have a bank account in the name of the business

Documents required for proprietorship registration

  • PAN card of the proprietor
  • Identity proof of the proprietor (Aadhaar card, passport, or voter ID)
  • Address proof of the proprietor (Aadhaar card, passport, or voter ID)
  • Proof of business address (rent agreement or electricity bill)
  • Cancelled cheque or bank statement

Steps involved in proprietorship registration

The following are the steps involved in proprietorship registration in India:

  1. Obtain a PAN card if you don’t already have one
  2. Choose a unique name for your business and check if it’s available
  3. Prepare the necessary documents and forms
  4. Submit the application for proprietorship registration online or in person at the Registrar of Firms office
  5. Pay the required fees
  6. Receive the Certificate of Registration

Online registration process for proprietorship

The online registration process for proprietorship is relatively simple and can be done through the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) portal. The process involves the following steps:

  1. Visit the MCA portal and create an account
  2. Apply for a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) and Director Identification Number (DIN)
  3. Register for the name of your business
  4. Fill in the necessary forms and upload the required documents
  5. Pay the required fees
  6. Receive the Certificate of Registration

Sole proprietorship registration fees in India

The government fees for sole proprietorship business registration in India are relatively low, typically ranging from Rs. 500 to Rs. 2,000. However, if you require professional assistance for registration, you may need to pay additional fees.

Benefits of Proprietorship Registration in India

There are several benefits to registering a sole proprietorship business in India. One of the main benefits is that it’s a relatively simple and inexpensive process. In addition, a registered proprietorship business is eligible for certain government schemes and benefits that are not available to unregistered businesses. Registered businesses are also more credible and trustworthy in the eyes of customers, suppliers, and financial institutions. In addition to legal recognition, registering a proprietorship business in India has several benefits, including:

  • Legal recognition of the business – A registered proprietorship business is recognized as a separate legal entity from the proprietor. This means that the business can enter into contracts, own assets, and incur liabilities in its own name.
  • Access to government schemes and benefits – Registered businesses are eligible for certain government schemes and benefits, such as subsidies, loans, and tax incentives. This can help your business grow and succeed.
  • Ability to obtain loans and credit facilities – Registered businesses are more credible and trustworthy in the eyes of financial institutions. This makes it easier to obtain loans and credit facilities to finance your business.
  • Enhanced credibility and trustworthiness – Registered businesses are more credible and trustworthy in the eyes of customers and suppliers. This can help you attract more customers and negotiate better deals with suppliers.

Sole proprietorship business registration

Drawbacks of Proprietorship Business in India

While there are several benefits to starting a proprietorship business in India, there are also some drawbacks to consider, including:

  • Unlimited liability of the proprietor – In a proprietorship business, the proprietor is personally liable for all the debts and liabilities of the business. This means that if the business runs into financial trouble, the proprietor’s personal assets may be at risk.
  • Limited access to capital – Proprietorship businesses have limited access to capital compared to other types of businesses. This is because they cannot issue shares or raise funds from the public.
  • Limited ability to raise funds – Proprietorship businesses have limited ability to raise funds from banks and financial institutions. This is because they are not considered to be separate legal entities.

Compliance Requirements for Proprietorship Business in India

Proprietorship businesses in India are subject to certain compliance requirements, including:

  • Tax compliance – Proprietorship businesses are required to file income tax returns and pay taxes on their profits. They are also required to obtain a GST registration if their turnover exceeds a certain threshold.
  • Accounting and bookkeeping requirements – Proprietorship businesses are required to maintain proper accounting records and prepare financial statements. They are also required to get their accounts audited if their turnover exceeds a certain threshold.
  • Renewal of registrations – Proprietorship businesses are required to renew their registrations periodically to ensure that they remain in compliance with the law.
  • Complying with labor laws – Proprietorship businesses are required to comply with various labor laws, such as minimum wage laws, working hour laws, and employment tax laws.
  • Complying with environmental laws – Proprietorship businesses are also required to comply with various environmental laws, such as those related to pollution control and waste management.


Starting a proprietorship business in India can be a great way to start your entrepreneurial journey. It is relatively easy and inexpensive to register, and it provides several benefits, such as legal recognition, access to government schemes and benefits, and enhanced credibility. However, it is important to keep in mind the drawbacks, such as unlimited liability and limited access to capital. To ensure compliance with the law, it is also important to keep up with the compliance requirements for proprietorship businesses in India.

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FAQs on Sole Proprietorship

1) What are the tax benefits of sole proprietor?

One of the primary tax advantages of operating a sole proprietorship is the ability to deduct health insurance premiums for yourself, your partner, and any dependents. Even better, you can claim this deduction even if you do not itemise on your tax return.

2) What are the risks of a sole proprietorship?

The biggest risk for a single proprietor is unrestricted personal liability for the debts of the company. This means that your home, possessions, and bank accounts could all be at risk if the company is unable to settle its debts. Your partner's interests could also be in danger if you're married.

3) What are the three types of sole proprietorship?

A sole proprietor can work as a franchisee, a company owner, or an independent contractor (a freelancer).

4) What are the rules of sole proprietorship?

There is no need to file any paperwork or register a single proprietorship. However, it is necessary to register your business for tax purposes and acquire any necessary licences from the state or federal government. Moreover, if the company name is distinctive or easily recognisable, trademark filing is strongly suggested.

5) What is sole proprietorship?

The term "sole proprietor" refers to the individual who, by themselves, runs a non-incorporated company.

6) Why a sole proprietorship is best?

A sole proprietorship has many advantages, including little documentation and inexpensive setup. There is also how simple it is to keep. It's actually the simplest and least expensive sort of business you can start, according to the SBA.

7) Can a sole proprietor have employees?

Sole proprietors are able to and do hire employees. Hiring individuals, regardless of whether they are a relative or not, adds an additional layer of complexity to business management. Sole proprietors must pay their employees, file and remit payroll taxes, and adhere to employment laws.

8) What is another name for sole proprietorship?

A sole proprietorship, also known as a sole trader or a proprietorship, is an unincorporated business with a single owner who pays individual income tax on business profits.

9) What is the turnover limit for sole proprietorship?

If a sole proprietorship company's annual revenue exceeds Rs. 1 crore. An audit is necessary in a professional situation if total gross receipts surpass Rs 50 lakh.

10) Why sole proprietorship is better than partnership?

The biggest difference is that sole proprietorships have one owner, while partnerships can have two or more. Sole proprietors control their company, while partners share control.


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