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What are the Reasons for Suspension of GST Registration?

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  • Post published:October 12, 2023
  • Post category:GST News


Reasons for Suspension of GST Registration

Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a comprehensive indirect tax that has transformed how India collects and manages taxes. It is intended to make the tax system more transparent and straightforward. Businesses must register under the GST and adhere to many rules to maintain efficient operations and make revenue for the nation’s benefit. However, there are times when non-compliance or other factors lead to the suspension of GST registrations. This can have a significant impact on their cash flow and operations. Businesses need to understand the reasons for suspension and take necessary steps to rectify the issues to resume their GST registration and avoid penalties or legal consequences.  This article will explore the key reasons for suspending GST registration and understand the implications for businesses.

Understanding Suspension of GST Registration

This new concept from the government side aims to provide relief to taxpayers who have applied for cancellation of their GST registration. Rule 21A has been inserted into the CGST Rules 2019. This new rule enables taxpayers to temporarily postpone their GST return filing responsibilities, which reduces their compliance burden during the cancellation process. This suspension time will allow taxpayers to concentrate on finishing the required cancellation procedures without the additional pressure of filing GST returns.

Pre-Suspension Measures and Accountability in GST Enforcement

The officer can issue a warning or give the offender a second chance before suspending the GST. Following this, the officer must execute the cancellation procedure outlined in Rule 22 of the CGST Rules 2017. The intention of issuing a warning or allowing the offender to address the issue is to ensure accountability and allow for corrective action. This approach encourages businesses to comply with GST requirements and to fix any problems before considering suspension. 

The taxpayer is notified of discrepancies using Form GST REG-31. The form also specifies that GST may be revoked if the taxpayer does not provide a reasonable justification. The officer can be suspended even if he finds the justification inadequate or inappropriate.

Reasons for GST Registration Suspension

The following are a few common mistakes that result in the suspension of your GST registration:

Non-Compliance with GST Rules and Regulations

Every business registered under GST is expected to diligently adhere to the rules and regulations prescribed by the GST authorities. Non-compliance can encompass several aspects:

  • Failure to File GST Returns: One of the most common causes for the suspension of GST registration is the failure to file GST returns on time. GST returns are vital for tracking tax liabilities and credits, and their absence can disrupt the entire tax ecosystem.
  • Delayed Payment of GST: Timely payment of GST is equally critical. Businesses must remit the GST collected from customers within the stipulated due dates. Failure to do so can lead to penalties and eventual suspension of GST registration.
  • Inadequate Record-Keeping: Maintaining accurate records of financial transactions is essential under GST. Businesses failing to maintain proper records can face the suspension of their GST registration.

Involvement in Fraudulent Activities

The GST authorities are vigilant in monitoring and preventing fraudulent activities related to GST. Some common fraudulent activities leading to the suspension of GST registration include:

  • Issuing Fake Invoices: Businesses found issuing fake invoices to inflate their input tax credit or evade GST may face suspension of their GST registration.
  • Claiming Input Tax Credit on Non-Existent Purchases: Illegitimate claims for input tax credit on non-existent or fictitious purchases can lead to suspension.
  • Evading GST: Businesses that should register under GST but fail to do so to avoid taxation may have their registration suspended upon discovery.

Business Closure and Voluntary Suspension

The closure of a business is a legitimate reason for suspending its GST registration. When a business ceases operations, the owner is required to apply for the cancellation of GST registration. Additionally, a business may voluntarily suspend its GST registration if it intends to temporarily halt operations or cease business activities.

Change in Business Structure or Transfer

If there is a change in a business’s organizational structure or the business is transferred to another entity, the GST registration of the former entity will be suspended. The new entity is then responsible for applying for a fresh GST registration.

Submission of False Information

Providing false information during the GST registration process or while filing GST returns can have serious consequences, including suspending GST registration. Businesses must furnish accurate details regarding their turnover, nature of business, and other relevant information during the GST registration process.

Additional Reasons for GST Registration Suspension

The reasons for the suspension of GST registration also include:

  • Change in Business Structure: Any alteration in the organizational structure of a business, such as changes in ownership or management, may lead to suspension.
  • Discrepancies in Location: Suspension may occur if authorities discover that a business is operating from a location other than the one specified in its GST registration.
  • Delayed Business Launch: As per GST regulations, the registration may be cancelled or suspended if a business fails to commence operations within six months following GST registration.
  • Billing for Undelivered Services or Goods: Issuing invoices for services or goods that have not been provided can trigger suspension upon detection.
  • Inaccurate Bank Account Information: Businesses must provide accurate bank account information. Even after a warning, failure to do so may result in suspension of GST registration.
  • Non-Filing Under Composition Scheme: Members of the composition scheme who fail to file returns for three consecutive tax periods may face suspension.
  • Non-Filing Beyond Composite Scheme: Businesses not covered by the composition scheme that do not file returns for six months may also face GST registration suspension.

Implications of GST Registration Suspension

The suspension of GST registration has significant implications for businesses. Some of the key consequences include:

  • Inability to Collect GST: A suspended GST registration means the business cannot collect GST from customers. This can result in reduced competitiveness in the market, as the business may not be able to offer competitive prices.
  • Loss of Input Tax Credit: Businesses with suspended GST registration lose the ability to claim input tax credit on their purchases. This can increase the cost of goods and services, impacting profitability.
  • Legal Consequences: Non-compliance with GST rules can lead to legal actions, including penalties and prosecution. Businesses may also face the risk of tax audits and investigations.
  • Disruption in Supply Chain: Businesses that are part of a supply chain may face disruptions if one of the members has a suspended GST registration. This can affect the flow of goods and services and lead to delays and additional costs.
  • Reversal of Input Tax Credit: In cases of ITC mismatches or non-compliance, businesses may be required to reverse the input tax credit claimed earlier, leading to additional financial burdens.

Steps to Reinstate a Suspended GST Registration

If a business’s GST registration has been suspended, it is essential to take prompt action to rectify the situation. The steps to reinstate a suspended GST registration typically include:

Rectify Non-Compliance Issues

Once you’ve pinpointed the reasons behind the suspension, it’s imperative to take swift action to rectify any non-compliance issues. This could entail several actions, such as filing pending returns, clearing outstanding tax dues, resolving ITC mismatches, or any other corrective measures needed to rectify the identified issues.

Submission of Form GST REG-21

Within 30 days of receiving the cancellation notice and addressing the non-compliance issues, you must reinstate your revoked GST registration by submitting Form GST REG-21. To do this:

  • Log In to the GST Portal: Access the GST portal using your registered user ID and password.
  • Navigate to the “Services” Section: Within the portal, navigate to the “Services” section and select “Registration.”
  • Choose “Restoration of Cancelled Registration.” Under the “Registration” section, opt for “Restoration of Cancelled Registration.” This will direct you to the appropriate form.
  • Complete the Required Information: Carefully fill in all the necessary information, ensuring it is accurate and up-to-date. Additionally, provide a comprehensive explanation of the reasons that led to the cancellation of your GST registration.
  • Attach Supporting Documents: Attach any pertinent supporting documents to substantiate your application. This might include a copy of the cancellation notice received or proof of payment for any outstanding dues that may have triggered the cancellation.
  • Review and Submit: Before submission, thoroughly review the form to confirm that all details are accurate and that you’ve attached the necessary documents. Once satisfied, submit the form.
  • Await Review and Approval: After you’ve successfully submitted Form GST REG-21, the tax authorities will initiate a review of your application. During this process, they will meticulously assess whether the issues that led to the suspension have been effectively rectified. If the tax authorities are satisfied with your submission and find that the compliance issues have been addressed comprehensively, they will approve the reinstatement of your GST registration.
  • Commit to Regular Compliance: Once your GST registration is reinstated, ensuring consistent and ongoing compliance with GST rules and regulations is crucial. This includes adhering to timely return filing, tax payments, and all other prescribed compliance measures. Staying vigilant with compliance is the key to avoiding future suspensions and disruptions in your business operations.


In conclusion, understanding the reasons for suspending GST registration is crucial for businesses operating in India’s dynamic economic landscape. From non-filing returns to non-compliance with various GST provisions, several factors can lead to suspending this critical registration.

However, it’s important to note that reinstating a suspended GST registration is not impossible. With careful identification of the underlying issues, prompt rectification of non-compliance, and the proper submission of Form GST REG-21, businesses can effectively reinstate their GST registrations and resume their operations within the framework of the GST regime.

For those who may need professional assistance and guidance throughout this process, there are experts like Kanakkupillai available to provide invaluable support. Kanakkupillai specializes in navigating the complexities of GST compliance and can be a trusted partner in helping you reactivate your suspended GST registration.

Remember, compliance with GST rules is not only a legal obligation but also a fundamental aspect of maintaining a competitive edge in the market and ensuring the smooth functioning of your business. So, if you need assistance, don’t hesitate to reach out to professionals like Kanakkupillai to guide you through the reinstatement process and ensure your business remains GST-compliant.


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