You are currently viewing What Are the Rules of HRA?

What Are the Rules of HRA?


People frequently have to relocate to another city to find employment. In such circumstances, they can wind up paying rent for housing. Therefore, employers frequently give HRA to employees to make up for this expense. HRA, or House Rent Allowance, is money businesses give employees to aid with housing costs. This advantage, typically computed as a percentage of the employee’s pay, is extremely beneficial in helping people manage living expenses in a new city. Additionally, HRA encourages workers to take employment offers from various regions by lessening the financial strain of moving.

To accurately claim an exemption and prevent any penalties or legal complications, it is essential to grasp the HRA’s requirements. Failure to follow these guidelines may result in the exemption being denied and possible repercussions from the tax authorities. To clarify how to apply for an HRA exemption, we will review the HRA rules in depth in this article.

Key Takeaways

  1. Purpose of HRA: Employers provide HRA to help employees cover housing expenses when they relocate for work.
  2. Benefits of HRA: It reduces financial burden and encourages job mobility.
  3. Eligibility: Employees receiving HRA can claim tax exemptions up to specified thresholds.
  4. Claiming Exemption: Proof of rent payment is essential; rent receipts and the landlord’s PAN details are crucial.
  5. Calculation: HRA calculation factors in salary, actual rent paid, HRA received, and city type (metropolitan/non-metropolitan).
  6. Exemption Calculation: HRA exemption is the least of actual HRA received, 50% of basic pay (for metros), or actual rent paid minus 10% of basic pay.
  7. Rent Payment: Rent can be paid to parents, but spousal rent payments aren’t exempted.
  8. Documentary Proof: Rent receipts, rental agreements, and landlord’s PAN details are necessary for claiming exemption.
  9. Special Cases: HRA can be claimed alongside Mortgage Interest Deduction; use an HRA calculator to determine taxable and exempt portions.
  10. No HRA from Employer: Section 80GG allows a deduction for rental expenses if specific conditions are met, excluding HRA receipt.


Eligibility for HRA

The following advantages of HRA deduction are provided under ITA Section 10(13A) for individuals with eligibility:

  • Those who receive HRA as part of their income benefit from the tax-free amount up to a specified threshold.
  • As long as individuals can show proof of paying rent, claiming the HRA deduction can assist in cutting their taxable income, which lowers their tax obligation and increases savings. This is valid regardless of whether you live with your parents.
  • The HRA deduction allows individuals to select a rental home that matches their needs and preferences and allows them to live wherever they want.
  • As long as the house is not situated in the city of employment or residence, you can still get the HRA tax benefit while making mortgage payments. If you own a home in the same city where you live and work, you must provide a convincing justification for why you cannot do so to qualify for the HRA exemption.

Calculation of HRA

The HRA is determined by considering your salary, the HRA your employer provides, the actual rent you pay, and whether you are renting in a metropolitan area.  

Remember that the HRA is an allowance that the employer may choose to offer or withhold; it is not an entitlement of the employees. Individuals who receive accommodation for free as part of their employment do not receive House Rent Allowance and are therefore ineligible to claim HRA tax exemptions.

However, the amount of the exemption will be determined by the HRA tax calculation as calculated as follows:

Factors influencing the calculation of HRA

  • Salary
  • HRA Received
  • Actual rent paid
  • City of residence

The formula for determining the eligible HRA amount

The calculation of HRA depends on several variables, including the employee’s entitlement to 50% of the basic income if they live in a metropolis and 40% if they reside in any other city. The following provisions are taken into account while calculating HRA for tax benefits:

  • The rent paid should not exceed 10% of the basic pay.
  • If you live in a metropolis, you will be paid 50% of your basic income and 40% if you live in a non-metropolis.
  • The actual amount is provided as the HRA by the employer.

The least amount will be considered for the HRA tax deduction.

Tax Exemption with an Example

A person earning a salary rents a home in Bangalore for 20,000 per month, which is 2,40,000 per year. Below is a breakdown of salaries.

Basic Salary ₹54,000
HRA ₹25,000
Medical ₹1,750
Special Allowance ₹1,750
LTA ₹8000


How much HRA can be deducted from a salary is calculated:

  • By subtracting 10% of the yearly basic pay from the actual rent paid = (₹20,000 x 12) – ₹64,800 = ₹1,75,200
  • Actual HRA provided by the employer each year = ₹25,000 x 12 = ₹3,00,000
  • Given that Delhi is a metropolitan area, 50% of the basic yearly wage = ₹3,24,000

In the example above, the lowest result of the three calculations is 1,75,200. Hence, a tax exemption of Rs. 1,75,200 can be claimed.

Rules and Regulations of HRA

The following list includes some of the most important regulations regarding housing rent allowance.

Rental agreement requirements

  • HRA is calculated as 40% of the basic income for individuals who live in non-metropolitan areas and 50% for those who live in metropolitan areas.
  • You don’t have to pay your rent to a landlord on your own to receive HRA benefits. Rent can be paid to parents, and individuals can provide the necessary invoices to be exempt from HRA.
  • However, confirming that you subsidise your spouse’s rent does not exempt you from the HRA. According to income tax law, this is not permitted.
  • Even when they receive HRA, employees who stay in their homes are still required to pay income taxes.

Proof of rent payment

  • Rent receipts must be provided as verification to qualify for the tax deduction.
  • It is necessary to provide the landlord’s PAN card information so that the appropriate tax deductions can be made from his or her rental income. 
  • Only if the annual rent paid reaches one lac rupees are the landlord’s PAN data necessary.

Documentation and submission process for HRA

An individual must provide documentary proof to seek HRA tax exemption. This comprises rental receipts that reflect the rent required to calculate HRA deductions or the rental agreement that specifies the corresponding rent amount.

A copy of the landlord’s PAN card or a declaration form with their signature is also needed if the rent exceeds 1,00,000 per year. The same documentation will be required for parents’ or family members’ rent payments to calculate HRA tax.

Exceptions and special cases

Make an HRA claim and Mortgage Interest Deduction

Since the HRA does not affect your ability to deduct the interest paid on the mortgage, you may claim it. Both are valid claims. 

To figure out your HRA exemption, use our free HRA calculator. With the help of this calculator, you can determine how much of your HRA is taxable and how much is tax-exempt.

If my employer does not provide an HRA

If your employer does not offer an HRA, you may still be able to deduct the expense of renting a residential property under Section 80GG. To qualify for this deduction, the following requirements must be met:

  • If you receive a salary or are self-employed
  • You did not get HRA at any time during the year you made your 80GG claim.
  • You should not hold office or employment, conduct business or practise your profession if you, your spouse, your minor child, or the HUF (Hindu Undivided Family) of which you are currently a member possess any residential property where you reside. This requirement ensures that only people who do not currently own a self-owned property are eligible for the deduction.


The HRA tax exemption represents one of the finest legal ways for salaried employees to reduce their tax load. Therefore they should not pass up the chance to use it. It is challenging to prove rental payments are made in cash; thus, choosing a money transfer through a bank account is safer. According to section 10(13A) of the Income Tax Act, the exemption amount is calculated. Additionally, keeping good records, like rent invoices and rental agreements, might support your claim if tax authorities look into it. To ensure correct and appropriate documentation, it’s also recommended to contact a tax expert or refer to the official instructions offered by the tax authorities.

Kanakkupillai can guide how to maximise your HRA benefits while adhering to tax laws. We have a team of experts knowledgeable about tax regulations and can offer individualized advice based on your unique situation. You may fully use your allowable deductions by maximizing any HRA rule changes or complexity with our knowledge of tax concerns.

Kanakkupillai’s HRA Rules are intended to assist employees in calculating HRA tax advantages depending on their pay structure, rent paid, and city of residence. Our online HRA calculator is built to deliver accurate results based on the employee’s pay structure. This guarantees that workers can accurately compute their taxable HRA amount. The HRA calculator on Kanakkupillai is also cost-effective for employees to determine their taxable HRA amount because it is free to use. Employees may precisely calculate their HRA tax benefits and ensure they are saving the most money by considering these aspects. Are you still having trouble with something? Feel free to contact us right now!


Kanakkupillai is your reliable partner for every step of your business journey in India. We offer reasonable and expert assistance to ensure legal compliance, covering business registration, tax compliance, accounting and bookkeeping, and intellectual property protection. Let us help you navigate the complex legal and regulatory requirements so you can focus on growing your business. Contact us today to learn more.