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Benefits of VPF and NPS for Retirement Planning


Last Updated on September 23, 2023 by Sumitha

In the realm of retirement planning, making informed decisions is paramount. Various options are available, but two that stand out prominently are the Voluntary Provident Fund (VPF) and the National Pension System (NPS). These financial tools are gaining immense popularity among individuals looking to secure their financial future. In this article, we will delve into the details of VPF and NPS, highlighting their key features, advantages, and how they can be your best bet for retirement.

Understanding VPF (Voluntary Provident Fund)

VPF is an extension of the Employee Provident Fund (EPF) and is available to salaried individuals in India. It allows employees to contribute more than 12% of their basic salary and dearness allowance to their EPF account. Here’s why VPF is an excellent choice for retirement planning:

1. Tax Benefits: One of the most compelling reasons to opt for VPF is its tax benefits. Contributions to VPF are eligible for tax deductions under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act up to a specified limit. This not only helps you save on taxes but also encourages disciplined savings.

2. Guaranteed Returns: VPF provides assured returns on your contributions. The interest rate for VPF is often higher than that of traditional savings accounts, making it a secure avenue for growing your retirement corpus steadily.

3. Employee-Employer Collaboration: VPF involves contributions from both the employee and the employer, further boosting your retirement savings. The employer’s contribution remains 12%, but your VPF contributions can be significantly higher, enhancing the overall corpus.

4. Liquidity and Withdrawal: VPF is primarily intended for long-term retirement planning but offers some flexibility. You can withdraw your VPF balance under certain circumstances, such as medical emergencies or house construction.

Unveiling the Power of NPS (National Pension System)

The National Pension System (NPS) is a government-backed retirement savings scheme that aims to provide financial security during your post-retirement years. Let’s explore why NPS is an excellent choice for securing your retirement:

1. Diversified Investment Options: NPS allows you to choose from various investment options, including equity, corporate bonds, and government securities. This diversification minimizes risk and enhances the potential for higher returns.

2. Tax Benefits: Contributions to NPS qualify for tax benefits under Section 80C and 80CCD(1). Additionally, the NPS offers an exclusive deduction of up to ₹50,000 under Section 80CCD(1B). These tax advantages can significantly reduce your taxable income.

3. Professional Fund Management: NPS funds are managed by professional fund managers appointed by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA). Their expertise ensures that your investments are prudently managed to maximize returns.

4. Annuity Options: Upon retirement, you can use the accumulated NPS corpus to purchase an annuity, providing a regular income stream. This guarantees financial security and peace of mind.

The Perfect Blend: VPF and NPS

While both VPF and NPS offer distinct advantages for retirement planning, combining them can be a strategic move. By contributing to both, you can benefit from the tax advantages of VPF and the investment diversification of NPS. This dual approach allows you to create a robust retirement portfolio tailored to your financial goals.


In conclusion, the Voluntary Provident Fund (VPF) and the National Pension System (NPS) are potent tools for securing retirement. While VPF offers tax benefits and guaranteed returns, NPS provides diversified investment options and professional fund management. By strategically combining these two options, you can create a retirement plan that offers the best of both worlds – stability and growth.

Start planning for your retirement today and enjoy a financially secure future.


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