You are currently viewing Corporate Tax in India: Types, Rates, and Strategic Planning

Corporate Tax in India: Types, Rates, and Strategic Planning

  • Post author:
  • Post published:December 24, 2023
  • Post category:Taxation


Corporate Tax in India

Corporate tax plays a pivotal role in the financial landscape of any country, serving as a significant revenue source for the government. In India, the corporate tax system, as outlined in the Income Tax Act of 1961, applies to both domestic and foreign companies. This article comprehensively analyses corporate tax in India, covering types of corporations, applicable rates, rebates, deductions, and strategic tax planning methods.

What is Corporate Tax?

Corporate tax is a direct tax levied on the income of companies operating within a specific jurisdiction. In the context of India, it encompasses taxes imposed on both domestic and foreign companies. The primary legislation governing corporate tax in India is the Income Tax Act 1961, which lays down the provisions for assessing and taxing corporate income.

Corporate Tax in India: A Closer Look

  1. Types of Corporations: Domestic and Foreign

India categorizes corporations into domestic and foreign entities based on the location of economic transactions. Domestic companies registered under the Indian Companies Act operate within India’s borders, while foreign companies engage in global transactions and are not registered under the Indian Companies Act.

  1. Corporate Tax Rates in India

India employs a slab rate system for corporate tax, varying based on the type of entity and income generated. For Indian companies, the tax rate is 25% for income up to Rs. 400 crores, with a 7% surcharge. For income exceeding Rs. 400 crores, the rate is 30%, with a 12% surcharge. Notably, the Taxation (Amendment) Act of 2019 introduced Section 115BAA, allowing domestic companies to opt for a reduced tax rate of 25.168%.

On the other hand, foreign companies face a 50% tax rate on royalties and a 40% rate on other income. Surcharges and Health and Education Cess also apply to foreign companies, with surcharge rates increasing with higher net incomes.

  1. Tax Rebates and Deductions

Various provisions exist for corporate tax rebates and deductions in India, including exemptions for capital gains, deductions for dividends received from domestic corporations, and carry-forward of corporate losses for up to 8 years. Additionally, specific deductions are available for venture capital companies, investments in new infrastructure, and more.

  1. Deductions Available on Corporate Tax in India

Companies can deduct several revenue-related expenses, including depreciation, interest payments, and costs associated with Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) initiatives. However, fines and penalties under the law are not tax-deductible.

  1. Planning Your Corporate Tax

Effective tax planning is essential for corporations seeking to optimize their financial situation. Objectives include minimizing the tax burden, increasing cash flow, attaining long-term financial goals, minimizing tax risks, and optimizing the business structure. Companies can achieve these goals by claiming appropriate exemptions, evaluating expenditures, and utilizing tax credits and deductions.

  1. Tax Planning Methods

Taxable entities employ various methods for tax planning, including short-term and long-term planning. Short-term strategies involve deferring revenue, accelerating deductions, and taking advantage of tax refunds. Long-term planning focuses on achieving financial objectives, such as succession planning and retirement planning. Permissive tax planning involves legally allowed but potentially contentious strategies, while purposive tax planning aligns tax strategies with broader social and economic goals.


In conclusion, navigating the intricacies of corporate tax in India requires a nuanced understanding of the types of corporations, applicable rates, available rebates, deductions, and strategic planning methods. Businesses operating in India must stay informed about the ever-evolving tax landscape to optimize their financial standing while remaining compliant with the relevant laws and regulations.

For comprehensive assistance in corporate tax matters and to ensure effective tax planning, businesses can turn to professional services provided by entities like Kanakkupillai. With our expertise and knowledge, Kanakkupillai offers valuable support in understanding and managing corporate tax obligations in India. By leveraging their services, businesses can navigate the complexities of the Indian tax system, make informed financial decisions, and ensure compliance, ultimately contributing to their long-term success.


I'm a professional content creator passionate about writing. My articles span law, business, finance, investments, and government schemes, always simplifying complex topics. Exploring and embracing novelty are my off-duty joys.