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EPFO’s Extended Deadline: Unlocking the Benefits of a Higher EPS Pension


Last Updated on September 30, 2023 by Reema

The Employees’ Provident Fund Organization (EPFO) has introduced a significant initiative to bolster the financial security of India’s working population during their retirement years. The extended deadline for Employees’ Pension Scheme (EPS) contributions represents a transformative step toward providing employees with a higher EPS pension, enhancing their post-retirement financial stability.

The EPS, a vital component of India’s social security framework, offers a pension to employees upon retirement or in the event of permanent disability or death. Traditionally, the pensionable salary for EPS calculations was determined based on the average salary of the last 60 months before the Employees’ Provident Fund (EPF) exit date.

However, the extended deadline, effective September 1, 2014, extends this calculation window, considering an employee’s higher wages earned in the last five years of service, even if they exit the EPF during this period.

In this article, we explore the significance of the EPS pension, the benefits of the extended deadline, the eligibility criteria, and the process for availing of this extension. By unlocking the potential for a higher EPS pension, this initiative aligns with the broader goal of promoting financial security and improving the quality of life for India’s retirees.

Understanding the Employees’ Pension Scheme (EPS)

The Employees’ Pension Scheme (EPS) is one of the major elements of the Employees’ Provident Fund (EPF) framework. It was introduced to ensure that employees have a stable source of income after retirement. Under the EPS, employees and employers contribute to a pension fund, which provides monthly pensions to eligible members upon retirement or in the event of permanent disability or death.

Here’s how the EPS functions:

  • Contribution: Employees contribute 8.33% of their basic salary and dearness allowance (DA), subject to a maximum amount, towards the EPS. Employers also contribute 8.33%, with the remaining amount diverted to the EPF. However, if an employee’s basic salary and DA exceed a certain threshold (currently INR 15,000), the employer’s contribution to the EPS is capped at this limit.
  • Pension Calculation: The pension amount is determined based on the employee’s years of service and the average monthly pensionable salary during the last 60 months before retirement. The formula for calculating the pension is complex, but it essentially rewards longer service and higher average salaries.
  • Minimum Pension: The EPS guarantees a minimum pension, currently set at INR 1,000 per month, for members who have completed at least ten years of service.
  • Family Pension: In the unfortunate event of a member’s demise, the EPS also provides for a family pension to the spouse.

The Significance of a Higher EPS Pension

A higher Employee Pension Scheme (EPS) holds profound significance in India, not only for individual retirees but also for the nation’s broader social and economic well-being. Here are several key aspects highlighting the significance of a higher EPS pension in India:

  • Financial Security for Retirees: A higher EPS pension provides retirees with a stable and reliable source of income during their post-retirement years. This financial security is crucial for maintaining a decent standard of living, covering daily expenses, and addressing healthcare and other essential needs.
  • Reduced Dependency: A substantial EPS pension reduces the financial burden on retirees’ families and children, promoting greater independence and self-sufficiency among the elderly.
  • Enhanced Quality of Life: A higher pension enables retirees to enjoy a more comfortable and fulfilling retirement, allowing them to pursue hobbies, interests, and travel, thereby improving their overall quality of life.
  • Social Welfare: A well-structured EPS pension reduces the demand for social welfare programs, allowing governments to allocate resources more efficiently to critical areas such as healthcare, education, and infrastructure development.
  • Legacy Planning: With a higher pension, retirees can plan their legacy and leave behind assets or financial support for their heirs, contributing to the overall financial well-being of their families.
  • Incentive for Longer Service: A higher EPS pension incentivises employees to continue their service for an extended period, contributing to a stable and experienced workforce in various sectors.
  • Addressing Healthcare Costs: As individuals age, healthcare expenses tend to increase. A higher pension helps retirees cover medical bills and access necessary healthcare services without straining their finances.
  • Economic Impact: A well-distributed higher EPS pension among retirees boosts consumer spending, stimulating economic growth and stability as retired individuals continue contributing to the economy through their consumption patterns.
  • Reduction in Elderly Poverty: A higher EPS pension is a critical tool in reducing elderly poverty rates, ensuring that retirees can meet their basic needs, including food, shelter, and healthcare.
  • Dignified Retirement: A substantial EPS pension preserves the dignity of retirees by enabling them to live independently and with respect, free from the worries of financial insufficiency.

The Extended Deadline for EPS Contributions

To enhance the benefits of the EPS and provide a stronger financial safety net for employees, the EPFO has introduced an extended deadline for EPS contributions. This initiative, which became effective on September 1, 2014, extends the pensionable salary calculation beyond the initial cutoff date.

Traditionally, the pensionable salary for EPS calculation was limited to the average salary of the last 60 months before the date of exit from the EPF. However, with the extended deadline, the average salary for pension calculation now considers the last 60 months of service, even if it extends beyond the exit date.

This means an employee’s pensionable salary is based on the higher wages earned in the last five years of service, even if they exit the EPF during this period.

Benefits of the Extended Deadline for EPS Contributions

Extending the deadline for EPS contributions offers several noteworthy benefits to employees. Let’s explore these advantages in detail:

  • Increased Pension Amount: The most significant benefit is the potential for a higher pension amount. Considering the last five years of service, the EPS formula accounts for an employee’s higher wages during this period, resulting in a more substantial pension.
  • Encouragement for Longer Service: The extended deadline incentivizes employees to continue their service for a more extended period. Those who stay employed for five additional years beyond the original calculation window stand to benefit significantly from this extension.
  • Enhanced Retirement Planning: Employees can now plan their retirement with a more substantial pension in mind. This extended calculation window allows for better financial planning and ensures a more secure retirement.
  • Improved Financial Security: A higher pension contributes to improved financial security during retirement, reducing the likelihood of retirees facing financial hardships or dependence on others.
  • Addressing Salary Growth: In many cases, an employee’s salary tends to increase later in their career. The extended EPS calculation window addresses this by considering the higher wages earned in the final years of service.

Eligibility and Conditions for the Extended Deadline

While the extension of the EPS calculation window is a positive development, it’s essential to understand the eligibility criteria and conditions associated with it:

  • Eligibility: An employee must have completed at least ten years of service to benefit from the extended deadline. The extended EPS calculation window becomes applicable from the eleventh year of service onwards.
  • Exit from the EPF: The employee should have exited the EPF after September 1, 2014, and should not be contributing to the EPF anymore.
  • Continuous Service: The employee must have maintained continuous service for the entire five-year period of the extended calculation window. Gaps in employment during this period may affect eligibility.
  • EPS Membership: The employee should be a member of the Employees’ Pension Scheme and should have contributed to the EPS throughout the extended calculation window.

The Process of Availing the Benefits of the Extended Deadline

Employees who meet the eligibility criteria and wish to avail the benefits of the extended deadline for EPS contributions should follow these steps:

  • Verification of Eligibility: Ensure you have completed at least ten years of service and meet the other eligibility criteria mentioned earlier.
  • Obtain Relevant Documents: Gather all relevant documents, including your EPF account details, EPS contributions, and service records.
  • Contact EPFO: Reach out to your nearest EPFO office and inquire about the process for availing of the benefits of the extended deadline.
  • Document Submission: Submit the necessary documents and complete any paperwork as required by the EPFO.
  • Calculation and Approval: The EPFO will calculate your pension based on the extended calculation window. Once approved, you will receive a higher pension amount.
  • Regular Monitoring: Ensure you regularly monitor your pension payments to confirm that the increased amount is credited to your account.


The extended deadline for EPS contributions introduced by the EPFO is a commendable step towards providing enhanced financial security to India’s workforce during retirement. A higher pension amount can make a substantial difference in the quality of life for retirees, ensuring that they can maintain their standard of living and meet their financial needs without dependency on others.

Employees who meet the eligibility criteria should consider availing the benefits of this extension, as it aligns with the broader goal of promoting financial well-being and retirement security. As with any financial decision, seeking guidance from financial advisors or EPFO officials is advisable to navigate the process effectively and secure a more substantial pension for your golden years.

Kanakkupillai can be your trusted partner in harnessing the advantages of EPFO’s extended deadline for a higher EPS pension. Our expert team offers a range of services to assist you through the process:

  • Eligibility Assessment: We help you determine eligibility for the extended EPS contribution deadline, ensuring you meet the necessary criteria.
  • Documentation Support: Our experts guide you in gathering and organizing the required documents, ensuring a smooth application process.
  • Application Assistance: We assist you in navigating the paperwork and formalities involved in availing the benefits of the extended deadline, ensuring accuracy and compliance.
  • Calculation Guidance: We provide insights into calculating your EPS pension under the extended window, helping you understand the potential increase in your pension amount.
  • Communication with EPFO: Kanakkupillai liaises with EPFO officials on your behalf, addressing queries and ensuring a streamlined process.
  • Regular Monitoring: We continue to monitor your EPS pension payments to ensure that the increased amount is being credited as per the extended calculation.

Partnering with Kanakkupillai ensures you maximise this significant opportunity to secure a higher EPS pension, contributing to a more financially secure and comfortable retirement. Contact us today to embark on your journey to unlock the benefits of a higher EPS pension with confidence and ease.


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