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Financial Freedom: Navigating Cryptocurrency Taxation in 2023


Cryptocurrency Taxation

Cryptocurrency has arisen as a revolutionary force in the constantly changing worlds of banking and technology, offering decentralization, security, and possible financial rewards. As we approach 2023, digital currencies gain popularity. In the middle of this expansion, taxation is an important issue that cryptocurrency owners must deal with. However, Indian governments, like those of many other countries, work to regulate and tax these assets, creating a challenging environment for enterprises to operate in. Therefore, in this article, we will look at the nuances of cryptocurrency taxation in 2023 India, assisting you in navigating the complex landscape and ensuring compliance while attaining financial freedom.

Cryptocurrency Tax Landscape

Since the launch of Bitcoin more than ten years ago, taxation on cryptocurrencies has generated a lot of discussion and uncertainty. Cryptocurrencies don’t precisely fit into recognized tax categories like regular assets, resulting in a patchwork of rules and interpretations.

Global tax authorities have been adjusting their policies regarding how to tax different parts of cryptocurrencies, such as trading, mining, and even holding, with each passing year. The taxation landscape is becoming clearer in 2023, but it’s important to remember that legislation might differ greatly between countries.

While certain countries have accepted cryptocurrencies and established clear regulations, others are still coming up, which could cause variations in interpretation and enforcement. Cryptocurrency purchases, trades, and sales may result in tax consequences. Based on variables like the duration of ownership, the reason for holding, and the amount of gain or loss realized, the details of how these transactions are taxed can differ significantly.

Cryptocurrency Taxation in India

By releasing an announcement from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) that prohibited banks from providing services to cryptocurrency companies, the Indian government demonstrated a cautious stance on cryptocurrencies in 2018. This action raised doubts in the cryptocurrency community, although it was not a straight taxation strategy.

The first law in India to recognize virtual digital assets (VDAs) and apply cryptocurrency taxes was the Finance Act 2022. Because of this, the Income Tax division considers virtual currencies to be taxable assets. Instead of being used as currency, cryptocurrencies are treated as “property”. This indicates that any earnings or gains resulting from purchasing, selling, or transferring cryptocurrencies are subject to taxation under the “Capital Gains.”

A Shift Towards Compliance and Accountability

The taxation of cryptocurrencies has evolved significantly in India. With no exceptions for lower rates or exemptions under Section 115BBH, all cryptocurrency buying, selling, and trades are liable to a 30% capital gains tax on earnings. Crypto asset transactions are subject to a 1% Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) fee in addition to the capital gains tax. Any transaction that exceeds Rs 50,000 in a particular financial year will have the TDS deducted, which will appear in 26 AS and can be reclaimed when completing an income tax return.

All forms of income the investor receives are subject to the same tax rate, which is the same for both short- and long-term gains. However, compliance had a price. As investors switched to non-compliant international platforms, conforming Indian exchanges saw a significant fall (60-80%) in trade volumes. This move emphasized the issues that compliant platforms confront.

Prevention of Money Laundering Act

On March 20, 2023, a significant change occurred when the Union government added the cryptocurrency industry under the Prevention of Anti-Money Laundering Act (PMLA) scope. As a result of this action, crypto companies must keep track of transaction and client data, check compliance, and report any suspicious activity. It highlights the significance of the industry and the need for precise activity tracking. This development puts to rest concerns that cryptocurrency would be prohibited.

Mandatory KYC and increased due diligence have been made the unifying objectives of PMLA for cryptocurrency exchanges. What was once a recommended practice has evolved into a prerequisite. Notably, cryptocurrency exchanges can work with the authorities to track down questionable Virtual Digital Assets (VDA) transactions and turn them into reporting companies.

Navigating the Challenges and Planning Ahead

Taxation is complicated because of how quickly the digital currency ecosystem is growing. Here are some pointers for navigating cryptocurrency taxes in 2023 and later, particularly in India:

Record Keeping: Maintain meticulous records of all your cryptocurrency transactions, including the date of purchase, the cost of acquisition, and the date of sale or transfer. Leading Indian exchanges are set up to keep and show records for the benefit of investors. So, proper record-keeping will help you accurately calculate your tax liability and serve as proof in case of any disputes with the tax authorities.

Stay Updated: Cryptocurrency regulations and taxation can change rapidly. Stay informed about any updates or changes in the tax laws related to cryptocurrencies in India to avoid any unpleasant surprises. You can remain ahead by listening to official government communications and seeking advice from reliable sources.

Creating a crypto portfolio: Investors cannot offset losses in one crypto asset with profits in another under India’s tax laws for cryptocurrencies. It is therefore advised against spreading investments over numerous assets. The best way to approach a crypto portfolio is to stick to a predetermined list of assets the investor may feel confident about. Investors must devote only a small percentage (3-5%) of their whole portfolio to cryptocurrency because it has a higher tax rate (30%) than capital gains from other assets.

Selecting the appropriate exchange: Global exchanges do not adhere to Indian requirements on TDS deduction and record keeping. The investor should take precautions to ensure they adhere to Indian legislation. As a result, we advise investors to use Indian exchanges that have implemented the necessary legal requirements. Although the KYC procedures are a hassle for investors and exchanges, the experience can be seamless and competitive with major brands once this obstacle is overcome.

Offsetting Gains and Losses: Many jurisdictions allow individuals to offset cryptocurrency gains with losses. If you’ve experienced losses in certain trades, you can use them to reduce your overall tax liability on gains.

Consult Professionals: Enlisting tax professionals specialising in cryptocurrency taxation can provide peace of mind. They can offer tailored advice based on your jurisdiction’s circumstances and the tax laws.

Declare Income Accurately: When filing your income tax returns, accurately declare all your cryptocurrency-related income. Failure to do so could lead to penalties and legal issues.

Importance of Tax Compliance

Tax compliance cannot be compromised in the goal of financial freedom through cryptocurrency investments. Inaccurate reporting of your cryptocurrency transactions might have serious repercussions, such as fines and legal action. A clear and legal taxation system also helps cryptocurrencies be more widely accepted in the mainstream of finance.


Cryptocurrencies have ushered in a new era of financial freedom and investment possibilities for individuals across India. However, amidst the excitement, it’s crucial not to overlook the vital aspect of cryptocurrency taxation. As of 2023, the Indian perspective treats cryptocurrencies as taxable assets, necessitating a nuanced understanding of their taxation.

Distinguishing between short-term and long-term capital gains and grasping the tax implications of mining and staking rewards – these nuances form the bedrock of compliant cryptocurrency investment. By harnessing this knowledge, Indian investors can seamlessly align their investment strategy with tax compliance, forging a clear path through the intricacies of crypto taxation.

In India’s cryptocurrency taxation landscape, diligence stands as the guiding principle. Meticulous record-keeping, a proactive approach to staying abreast of evolving regulations, and unwavering education about taxable events and reporting obligations are key components to navigate successfully. Amidst the prevailing regulatory uncertainty, seeking professional advice is a prudent step to pursue financial objectives while adhering to legal requirements confidently.

As we journey towards financial freedom, remember that the synergy between strategic investments and responsible tax practices paves the way. For those seeking clarity and guidance in this intricate arena, platforms like Kanakkupillai are a valuable resource. 

Kanakkupillai is a trusted financial advisory firm specialising in providing expert guidance on various financial matters, including tax planning and compliance. With an ear to the ground on the ever-evolving crypto landscape and tax regulations, our team of professionals can assist you in understanding the complex regulations and help you make informed decisions to optimize your financial situation. As the Indian cryptocurrency market continues to develop, our team of experts remains current on the most recent tax laws and regulations. With our assistance, you can easily navigate the ever-changing regulatory landscape and focus on achieving your long-term financial goals. 

In a world where financial landscapes shift and evolve, understanding cryptocurrency taxation becomes integral to achieving financial freedom. By staying well-informed, employing expert guidance, and fostering a responsible approach, individuals can boldly tread the path to financial prosperity and regulatory compliance.


Kanakkupillai is your reliable partner for every step of your business journey in India. We offer reasonable and expert assistance to ensure legal compliance, covering business registration, tax compliance, accounting and bookkeeping, and intellectual property protection. Let us help you navigate the complex legal and regulatory requirements so you can focus on growing your business. Contact us today to learn more.