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Functions of Trademark Registration


Last Updated on June 10, 2024 by D. Lalitha B.L (Hons)

In today’s competitive market, brand identity is important for consumer evaluation and differentiation. Trademark registration protects brand integrity, granting exclusive rights over brand elements, crucial for fostering loyalty and differentiation like KFC and Popeyes do. This legal protection ensures long-term success by fortifying brand identity and stopping abuse. Functions of Trademark Registration include protection of brand names, logos, and visual symbols, contributing to credibility and market presence. Understanding the process and necessary paperwork is crucial for businesses seeking Trademark Registration. The benefits of Trademark Registration extend to brand recognition, legal protection, and market competitiveness, which is necessary for sustained growth and success

The Department for Promotion of Internal Trade and Industrial Policy is helping small businesses through the Udyog Aadhar Scheme by notably lowering the costs associated with Trademark Registration for one category. This move aims to ease financial strain and promote Trademark protection for eligible startups.

Functions of a Trademark Registration:

Trademark registration plays crucial roles in the Business Domain, improving brand identity, protection, and market expansion, the key function are as follows:

  • Product or Service Identification:
  • Distinctly marks a product or service, simplifying customer identification and selection.
  • Exclusive Rights to Visual Elements:
  • Grants brands exclusive rights to visual elements, aiding in differentiation from competitors and building a unique brand image.
  • Quality Assurance:
  • Associates the product or service with a reputable producer, increasing confidence and loyalty.
  • Promotion and Marketing:
  • Provides a powerful asset for promotion and marketing efforts, facilitating seamless integration into advertising and attempts at branding.
  • Legal Safeguard:
  • Furnishes a legal defence against counterfeit and imitative goods, allowing owners of brands to pursue legal recourse against infringements.
  • Market Expansion:
  • Facilitates the introduction of products or services into new markets and portions by serving as a recognizable symbol.
  • Building Goodwill and Trustworthiness:
  • Contributes to the business’s goodwill, reliability, and credibility over time, promoting reliability and consistency.

And thus, the Proper Trademark Registration enhances brand protection, growth, and long-term success

Types of Trademarks:

Trademarks come in several formats, providing companies and brands a variety of options to register and protect their distinct identity. The common types of trademarks are:

  • Image, Symbol, 3D Shapes, or Letters:
  • Encompass visual elements like logos, symbols, specific letter combinations, or unique three-dimensional shapes for brand representation.
  • Audio Format Sound Marks:
  • Non-visual Trademarks safeguarding unique sounds associated with a brand, product, or service (e.g., Intel’s startup jingle).
  • Combination of Letters and Numerals:
  • Alphanumeric representations uniquely depicting a brand (e.g., BMW’s use of letters and numbers for car models).
  • Name of the Brand:
  • The brand’s name itself can be a Trademark, ensuring protection against similar names to protect the brand’s identity.
  • Logo or Graphic Design:
  • Powerful trademarks representing the most recognizable and memorable elements of a brand’s identity, registered to protect unique design elements.

Businesses can select the best Trademark option out of several options, guaranteeing proper brand identity defence, whether through visuals, sounds, alphanumeric combinations, or the brand name itself.

Application for Trademark:

Obtaining a Trademark is an important step for individuals, companies, or legal entities engaged in trading products or services. The process involves certain timeframes, symbols, and documentation requirements. The process for application for a Trademark involves:

Who qualifies to apply for a Trademark?

Anyone in business can apply for a Trademark.

  • Processing Time:
  • Trademark usually, registration takes between 18 to 24 months to complete.
  • Registration Certificate:
  • Upon successful registration, companies receive a registration certificate from the Trademark Office, acting as evidence of legal protection.
  • Validity Duration:
  • A registered Trademark remains valid for ten years from the filing date.
  • Renewal:
  • To extend Trademark protection beyond the initial decade, Trademark holders must undergo the renewal process.

Important papers for Trademark Registration:

Documents needed to start trademarking are:

  • Copy of Trademark or Logo:
  • A clear representation of the Trademark or logo intended for registration.
  • Applicant information:
  • Information about the applicant, including their name, address, etc.
  • Specifications of Goods and Services:
  • A detailed list of specific goods or services associated with the Trademark.
  • Date of Utilization (if relevant):
  • If the Trademark has been used before the application, include the date of its first use.
  • Power of Attorney (if necessary):
  • In some cases, a power of attorney may be necessary, especially when the application is submitted on behalf of an entity by a representative.

Steps for Trademark registration India:

Trademarking in India safeguards intellectual property, and the process includes:

  • Preliminary Research:
  • Conduct thorough research to ensure the desired Trademark is available and unique, reducing the risk of rejection.
  • Filing the Application:
  • Submit an application with the Indian Trademark Registry, either physically or online, after selecting a distinct and unclaimed Trademark. Consider professional guidance to minimize errors.
  • Examination by the Trademark Office:
  • The Trademark Office examiner reviews the application for compliance with regulations and uniqueness. This process takes 12 to 18 months.
  • Publication in the Trademark Journal:
  • If the application passes examination, the Trademark is published in the Trademark Journal for public notice and opposition.
  • Opposition Period:
  • During a specific period, interested parties can oppose the Trademark’s registration, leading to a hearing if necessary.
  • Issuance of Registration Certificate:
  • Upon successful clearance of inquiry and any opposition, the Trademark Office issues a registration certificate, granting exclusive rights to use the ® symbol.
  • Renewal of Trademark:
  • Renew the Trademark every ten years to maintain protection and ensure continual protection of the brand.


Trademark registration in business facilitates product and service recognition, providing exclusive rights over visual elements, signifying commitment to quality, and fostering customer trust. Registering a Trademark is like a powerful marketing move. It makes sure people know your brand, protects it legally, and makes it easier to grow.


  1. What does Trademark registration do?

The primary functions of Trademark registration include aiding in product and service identification, granting exclusive rights over visual elements, signifying commitment to quality, and building consumer trust.

  1. What’s Trademark Registration’s brand impact?

Trademark registration boosts brand visibility by defending and protecting legally granting exclusive rights to brand elements, aiding consumers in identifying and setting a brand apart from rivals.

  1. How does Trademark Registration aid marketing?

Trademark registration functions as a potent marketing asset, guaranteeing brand authenticity, legal defense against fake goods, and facilitating market expansion into new territories and customer segments.

  1. How can the registration of trademarks promote commitment and confidence?

Trademark registration signifies a commitment to quality and consistency, which helps cultivate consumer loyalty and trust among those who view registered brands as symbols of reliability and credibility.

  1. Can Trademark Registration prevent imitation?

Yes, Trademark Registration grants businesses exclusive rights over their brand elements, making it illegal for competitors to use similar trademarks that could cause misunderstanding among customers.

D. Lalitha B.L (Hons)

D. Lalitha, B.L (Hons)., MBA., PGDIPL is a seasoned legal professional with extensive experience in contract drafting and reviewing, now ventures into the realm of content writing. With 6 years of experience, she brings a deep understanding of complex legal concepts and a knack for clear communication. Eager to leverage her expertise to craft compelling legal content, she committed to producing informative and engaging articles that resonate with diverse audiences.