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How Companies Handle Director Removals Confidentially?


Last Updated on October 13, 2023 by Gaurvi

Director Removals 

The Companies Act 2013 in India describes the steps for removing a director from a corporation. A company’s director is an essential management team member and significantly influences how the business operates and makes decisions. But occasionally, for various reasons, it could be essential to fire a director. This article discusses how to remove a director under the 2013 Companies Act.

Shareholders appoint a company director to manage the business’s operations per MOA and AOA. Since it is an artificial person, the corporation can only accomplish it via a natural person agency. As a result, the firm’s management must be controlled by the board of directors, and each director should be a living person. The selection of directors might be necessary at times, according to the needs of the company’s shareholders. The director of a firm is a crucial part of the management team and has a big impact on how the business functions and makes decisions. But occasionally, it could be necessary to fire a director for many reasons.

Who is the Director in Company?

According to the Companies Act of 2013, a candidate for the company board is known as a director. A group of individuals selected by the company’s shareholders to oversee operations is known as the Board of Directors. A company is a legal body that can only function with the aid of people. The board of directors is the group in charge of supervising a company’s directors.

A director is someone who supervises, oversees, or regulates something. A director may manage, supervise, or monitor. He or she is a person who has been given legal authority and is allowed to oversee and control the company’s operations. A company’s shareholders select him or her to establish the company’s policy.

Directors are required to act in the genuine greatest interest of the firm with integrity, without carelessness, and in good faith. A Director is assumed to have behaved honestly and within the scope of their power.

At first, the Act did not specify a director’s responsibilities. They were derived via instances and acquired from common law. However, several nations’ laws have recently taken action to do away with this custom. In a corporation, the director has a fiduciary duty to the company and is expected to act honestly. The corporation requires that the directors do their duties openly and honestly.

A Director may be fired by the company.

Yes, if specific requirements and processes are met. A business can dismiss a director. Based on the business’s articles of association and relevant regulations, the board of directors or the business’s shareholders may dismiss a corporation director.

A director may need to be fired for several reasons, such as misbehaviour, duty violations, or poor performance. A potential conflict of interest, insolvency, or disqualification may require the corporation to fire a director.

Sending notice to the director, calling a meeting of the directors or shareholders, and adopting a resolution to remove the director are normal steps in the removal procedure. Before the decision to fire the director is taken, the director can have a chance to be heard.

It is important to remember that dismissing a director may substantially affect the company, so the choice should be carefully considered. To avoid any legal issues or disagreements, it’s crucial to ensure the removal complies with the company’s articles of organization and any relevant legislation.

What steps are involved in removing a director?

  • Determine the explanations for the director’s dismissal: The first phase in the procedure is determining the causes for the director’s removal. These include wrongdoing, failure to perform, subpar work, and conflicts of interest.
  • Examine the firm’s articles of association: Typically, the rules of association for a corporation spell out the steps to remove a director. Verify the intended removal conforms with the company’s policies and procedures by consulting the articles of association.
  • Provide the Director with Notice: The Company should provide the Director with a Notice of the Proposed Removal and the Causes. The meeting time, date, and venue where the modification will be addressed should all be included in the notification.
  • Call a board or stakeholder meeting: Based on the articles of incorporation for the firm, the removal may be determined by the board of directors or the stockholders. The director should be fired, and firing the director must be on the topic of the meeting.
  • Pass a resolution: A motion to dismiss the director must be made and put to a vote at the meeting. According to the articles of organization, the resolution must be approved by the necessary number of board members or shareholders.
  • Submit required paperwork: Following approval of the removal, the business must submit the required paperwork to the appropriate agencies, like Companies House or the Securities and Exchange Commission.

To guarantee that the dismissal is carried out by the business’s articles of association and the relevant laws and regulations, it is necessary to remember that the procedure to remove a director can be complicated and may require legal guidance. Shareholders have the legal right to remove a director from the board if they feel that the director is not operating in the firm’s best interests or is failing to uphold their obligations.

Important Considerations for the Director’s Removal under the 2013 Companies Act

Eliminating a director from a corporation is a crucial choice that has to be made with care and by the law. The Companies Act of 2013 outlines the framework for removing directors and the guidelines that must be followed. To prevent any legal implications that might result from the termination of a director, it is crucial to comprehend these norms and regulations.

  • Reasons to Remove: The Companies Act of 2013 lists a few reasons a director may be fired. These grounds include failing to fulfil obligations, betraying trust, committing fraud, stealing money, or doing anything else that would be detrimental to the company’s objectives. Before starting the removal procedure, it is critical to establish these reasons.
  • Starting the Removal Process: The owners, the board of directors, or the federal government can start the removal process for a director. A resolution must be approved at a board meeting or general assembly to remove someone. A majority of at least two-thirds of the members attending and voting should approve the resolution to be adopted.
  • Information of the Meeting: All of the business’s members, executives, and auditors must get notice of the meeting. The notification must make clear the director’s impending departure and the justifications for those plans. The notice must be distributed at least 14 days before the meeting.
  • Opportunity to be Heard: The director needs to get a chance to be heard before the resolution to remove them is passed. The director must be made aware of the accusations against him and given a chance to defend himself. This is an essential natural justice concept that must be followed.
  • Notification to the Registrar: Within 30 days of passing the resolution to remove a director, the business must notify the Registrar of Companies (ROC). The director’s name will subsequently be taken from the list of members, and the ROC will amend its files.
  • Compensation and Remuneration: A director has a right to compensation for his departure from his position if he is dismissed before the end of his term. The compensation cannot be more than the director’s three-year salary cap. Nevertheless, the director isn’t entitled to any pay if he is fired due to wrongdoing.

What Paperwork Is Required to Fire the Director?

Based on the jurisdiction, the particular requirements of the business, and the necessary authorities, the forms required for the dismissal of a director may change. Here are a few of the typical documents that could be needed when a director is fired:

  • Notice of Meeting: A formal document known as a notice of meeting informs the investors or board of members of the date, time, and location of a meeting at which the dismissal of a director will be discussed.
  • Resolution: A resolution is a document that outlines the board of directors or the shareholders’ vote to fire a director. The removal’s justifications and the outcome of the vote among shareholders or the board should both be included in the resolution.
  • Form DIR-12: Form DIR-12 must be completed in order to notify the Registrar of Companies in India of the termination of a director. This form should be filed within thirty (30) days following the Director’s termination.
  • Form 288b: In order to notify the Securities and Exchange Commission in the US of the dismissal of a director, a form known as Form 288b must be submitted. This form must be submitted within 10 days after the director’s dismissal.

It’s crucial to remember that the necessary forms may change based on the particular jurisdiction and the business’s articles of organization. To prevent any legal problems or fines, it is essential to get legal counsel to make sure the relevant paperwork is filled out and submitted within the appropriate deadline. 

Protections From Removal For The Involved Director 

The aforementioned section not only includes a clause for a director’s dismissal but also gives them the option to maintain their job by making the following arrangements:

Written Representation

The concerned director may submit an objection to the removal notice to the firm. The director may request that the business inform the other members of the statement.

In response, the business must send a communication to the board members letting them know about the comment. The director may request that the statement be read out at the next meeting if the corporation neglects to carry out such a responsibility. The director has a legal right to an oral hearing, and the corporation must consider that matter impartially. 

Appeal To The Tribunal

The Tribunal may hear a case for the annulment of the legal procedure if the organization or any concerned party disregards it. If the Tribunal determines that the director used this privilege to obtain unwarranted attention for the defamatory matter, it may decide to end the proceeding. Additionally, the director has the authority to make an order requiring the director to pay back the application fees that the firm has already paid. 

The Common Reasons for Director Discharge

The board of directors frequently disagrees on specific issues from time to time. There can be some difficulties with some directors. To remove a director from the firm, nevertheless, must be a decision that has been carefully considered and debated.

The following factors might lead to the board revoking the discharge:

  • Regular absences from board or committee meetings 
  • Emergence of problems as a result of concerns with the CEO or other top executives through micromanaging or another method
  • Sitting on the board of another corporation in violation of the organization’s rules 
  • Getting associated with the corporation’s rivals.
  • Breaking any written agreements between the corporate directors or the company’s code of ethics.
  • Engaging in criminal activity, particularly about the corporation’s securities
  • Disseminating private and sensitive information about the firm to outsiders.

Using the firm for personal advantage, acting improperly or disrespectfully toward other board members, or creating an unhealthy and chaotic boardroom.


Unauthorized removal of a director from a firm is indeed possible. Removing a disqualified director may be accomplished in many ways, including removal by the board of directors and dismissal by court order. The removal procedure may differ based on the jurisdiction and the rules of association of the business. Still, it generally entails determining the reasons for removal, calling a meeting, adopting the resolution, and submitting the required paperwork (papers for removing the director) to the appropriate authorities. 

Following the removal of the director, the firm must conduct post-compliance, which includes submitting paperwork, amending the register of directors, informing parties, and revising contracts and agreements. It is essential to adhere to the correct procedures and retain legal counsel to ensure that the removal will follow the pertinent rules and regulations.


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