A company recognized under Section 406 of the Companies Act of 2013 combined with the Nidhi Regulations of 2014 is called a Nidhi company. Its primary duties, which come under the non-banking Indian finance industry, are money lending and borrowing between its members. It is a business set up specifically to instil the value of being frugal and prudent among its members. They go by various names, including Mutual Benefit Funds, Permanent Funds, and Mutual Benefit Companies. It is assumed that Nidhi Company is a public limited company. A Nidhi Company must adhere to the necessary compliances to avoid legal action.
What is a Nidhi Company?
The word “Nidhi” in finance originates in jargon used frequently in Hindi and signifies “treasure.” An organization formed under the guidelines outlined in Section 406 of the 2013 Companies Act is a Nidhi firm in the Indian financial industry. Nidhi Company Registration Can Be Done Online Through A Very Simple Process!
A Nidhi Company’s major goal is to promote among its supporters the honourable habits of thrift and saving. Nevertheless, the Permanent Funds, Mutual Benefit Funds, and Mutual Benefit Corporations are these organizations. Their financial transactions—including lending and getting money—are strictly confined to individuals, and memberships are only available to people.
Nidhi Company Post-Incorporation Regulations
The Nidhi Company Rules outline a few requirements that any Nidhi Company must meet within a year after establishment, including:
- There should be a minimum of 200 members
- The Net Owned Funds (NOFs) must be Rs. 20 lakhs, and the ratio between the NOFs and the deposit must not be more than 1:20.
- As per Rule 14 of the Nidhi Rules 2014 and Modified Rules of 2022, unencumbered term deposits cannot exceed 10% of the total outstanding deposits.
Restrictions for Nidhi Companies
- A Nidhi Company has been prohibited from carrying out certain undertakings by Rule 6 of the Nidhi Rules 2014
- Engage in commercial endeavours, including lease financing, chit funds, and hire purchases.
- Purchasing securities provided by a corporate organization
- Issue any type of loan instrument, such as preferred shares or debentures.
- Establish a current account with the members of the organization.
- Make no agreements, purchases, or concessions before the Regional Director and the General Meeting have both authorized them by special resolution.
- Run a different type of business in its name.
- receive or lend money to a third party
- Accept financing from the corporate body via lending.
- Using a partnership agreement for a lending or borrowing activity.
- Promoting the acquisition of any deposits, regardless of Form, and offering member-deposited assets as security.
- Pay any reward or brokerage for distributing credits or allocating monies to facilitate member deposits.
Suppose the firm complies with all the requirements listed above. In that case, it may offer locker services to its members as long as the revenue from locker services never exceeds 20 percent of the Nidhi company’s overall revenue.
Information on FD schemes sent privately among members and marked “for private circulation to members exclusively” is not regarded as advertising.
Types of Compliances
According to the Nidhi Company Rules and the Companies Act, there are two different categories of compliance:
Annual compliance of Nidhi Company: Typically, annual compliances cover the state and operation of the Nidhi Company throughout the year. The annual compliances are submitted yearly. However, few of them are submitted after a set amount of time.
Event-Based Compliances of Nidhi Company: Event-based regulations are only submitted when the Nidhi Company is incorporated. Again, these compliances must be met whenever there is a change to the Nidhi Company’s organizational structure, and such a change is not periodic. These compliances are not required to be filed regularly.
New Rules for The Nidhi Company
The Indian government established a committee to monitor Nidhi Companies’ operations. The Nidhi Company New Rules were adopted due to the committee’s suggestions. They were created in 2019 and went into effect in 2022. These regulations were added to the 2014 Nidhi Company Rules.
The central government’s statement was unnecessary for the Nidhi company to operate before introducing these New Nidhi Company Rules. They must meet a few requirements outlined in the Nidhi Company Rules, 2014.
To protect the interests of the general public, it has become necessary for anybody who wants to join a Nidhi business to first confirm that the company has received a declaration from the national government under the standards outlined in the Nidhi Business New Rules.
The following are some key ideas of Nidhi Company’s New Rules:
This rule defines a branch as a location other than the Nidhi Company’s official office.
2. Declaration of Nidhi Company
After meeting the requirements below, every public business that wants to be recognized as a Nidhi firm must submit Form NDH-4 within 120 days after the date of establishment for that purpose.
- It has at least 200 members.
- Its net owned funds total at least Rs. 20 lacs.
After reviewing the request, the central government must inform the company of its choice within 45 days; if it doesn’t, the application will be assumed to have been accepted.
3. Fit and proper person
The corporation must include a declaration with Form NDH-4 stating that each of its officers and promoters is a fit and suitable person.
4. Minimum paid-up capital for shares
The minimum paid-up share capital has increased from 5 lakhs to 10 lakhs.
5. Rules for a current business
Every condition must be met by a Nidhi company that existed on the date the Nidhi Company New Rules were enacted within 18 months of that date.
6. Rule 5 of Nidhi Rules
Rule 5 discusses the minimum number of participants, Net Owned Fund, etc. The modification states that these requirements will not apply to organizations that were established as Nidhi organizations on or after the Nidhi Company New Rules came into effect in 2022. Therefore, for firms established on or after the execution of the new Rules, the need to fill out a request in Form NDH 1 within ninety days of the business’s incorporation shall not be relevant.
7. Limitations for the Nidhi Company
The Nidhi Company shall not obtain loans from lenders, other banks, or any other source for funding the loans of its participants, according to the new guidelines.
Another limitation Nidhi Company imposes is its inability to purchase securities, control the make-up of any other group’s board of directors, or engage in agreements that might alter its management.
8. Branches extending
Any office outside the district that a Nidhi company wishes to open must now apply Form NDH 2 along with the fee specified by the Companies (Registration Offices and Fee) Regulations, 2014, and notify the Registrar of its opening within a month of the branch’s opening. It cannot, however, create branches before submitting its annual report or accounting records to the Registrar. Additionally, it may not establish a Branch outside of the jurisdiction in which its registered office is located.
The Advantages of an Indian Nidhi Firm
The advantages of a Nidhi corporation in India are discussed in this article. Just have a look:
1. Limited compliance with RBI regulations
Nidhi Companies must register with the MCA as Public Limited Companies. Additionally, they do not need to get an RBI license to operate. For their financial activities, they must abide by the less strict Nidhi Rules, 2014 and the Companies Act, 2013. The Nidhi firms are not required to strictly abide by the RBI’s basic rules. They can comply with regulations with the necessary simplicity.
2. Less Risky proposition
A Nidhi Company Registration Online may only lend money to its members and accept deposits from them in compliance with the requirements of the 2014 rules. It becomes a less risky investment since there is a smaller likelihood of loan default compared to other companies of a similar type. Additionally, there is less chance that outside forces will impact how these firms function because all financial operations are only permitted for members. However, it’s among the simplest and safest methods of requesting deposits from the general public. Add them to the member’s list.
3. Simple formation process
This kind of corporation may be established in a reasonably straightforward manner. You just need 7 people to get started with a few simple paperwork, and you may incorporate your business with the MCA by going through a quick registration process.
4. Continuity of operations
The principle of perpetual succession ensures that a Nidhi Company Registration Online continues to function normally even during a member’s death, bankruptcy, insanity, or retirement. Regardless of any such unavoidable change in any sort of membership, the Company will continue to be in business.
5. Advantages for Members
- The Nidhi Company works to increase its members’ financial savings.
- It is quite easy to give presents to and borrow money from the business on behalf of its members.
- Loans are offered at a rate that is less than the market rate, encouraging participants to save more.
- The net owned fund ratio for The Nidhi Company is 1:20. You get a 20 rupee deposit for each rupee you spend.
- The Nihi Company provides safe investing options. The likelihood of a loan default is smaller than it is for other financing companies.
- There is no outside interference.
- Only Nidhi Companies members have the authority to create, manage, and benefit from them.
- Nidhi will not put up with any sort of outside influence. Working for Nidhi companies, depositing money there, or even requesting Nidhi funding.
- There wouldn’t be any outside meddling in management, either.
Exemptions and Benefits under the 2013 Companies Act
As a result, some provisions of the Companies Act of 2013 will not apply to the Nidhi Company, while Nidhi will be exempt from other parts of the same.
Documents may be sent to Nidhi members via hand delivery to their workplaces, courier, express mail, digital delivery, or any other manner as may be prescribed.
It won’t be considered a public offer if a Nidhi Company makes a private placement option to any number of people.
Can a Nidhi business have several branches?
Yes. A Nidhi company is permitted a maximum of three district-based branches. The Regional Director must first provide his or her authorization before the Nidhi firm may open more than three branches in the district or elsewhere in the state but still inside the district.
Additionally, within 30 days after the opening of the fourth branch, it must notify the Registrar of Companies. Nidhi firms are prohibited from opening collecting offices, deposit offices, or offices with different names outside of the state where their registered office is situated.
Can a Nidhi business shut down a branch?
Yes. It may terminate a branch after 30 days’ notice and the publication of a newspaper ad in the area’s native tongue where it conducts commercial activities. Additionally, the public should be made aware of this closure. For 30 days following the day the advertising appeared in the newspaper, the business must post the advertisement copy or a notice mentioning the closure of the branch on the business’s notice board. The Nidhi firms are required to notify the Registrar of firms within 30 days after closure.
Before starting your own business, you, as a business owner, must consider several factors. One of the most important is ensuring you have all the necessary licenses and permits. Consult an attorney or a financial advisor if you’re unsure if your endeavour qualifies as a company. Another thing to consider is how much money you will need to start. Although some businesses require far less than others, staying cautious is always advisable. Finally, remember that while marketing and PR are important to all businesses, they are much more so for start-ups. Starting a company in India can be rather easy if you keep these tips in mind!