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How to Start My Own Mutual Fund Company in India?


Establishing a mutual fund company is difficult. It requires extensive research, financial resources, cleverness, and—above all—an understanding of finances and the financial market. A creative business plan and a strong implementation strategy are important for establishing such companies. Investing in these companies is a wise move. If performed with appropriate care and prudence, they may also provide large profits.

However, if one is not careful, it can result in losses. Thus, in order to launch a mutual fund firm, you need to exercise extreme caution and care. You should be fine if you desire to launch one of these businesses but need more relevant experience. In this blog, we are going to discuss about all mutual fund businesses.

Mutual Fund Companies: What Are They?

One kind of financial business is a mutual fund company. It gathers funds from the many market participants. This is how these businesses raise money, which they then pool to purchase different kinds of bonds, stocks, and other assets. On behalf of the investors, these businesses oversee the investments.

A share of the assets in a mutual fund business must be owned by each investor in proportion to their investment. Professional managers work for the corporations, choosing which financial instruments to use with the pooled funds. The aim is to increase investors’ capital over time and provide them with returns that are contingent on the fund’s success in the market.

Eligibility for Mutual Fund Company Registration in India

 The SEBI oversees mutual fund companies. To get a Mutual Fund certificate of registration, the applicant will have to fulfil the following prerequisites:

  • Fairness and honesty should be a hallmark of the sponsor’s past experiences and business relationships.
  • It must have a minimum of five years’ worth of business and financial services management expertise. Additionally, the net worth will increase throughout those five years.
  • A minimum of 40% of the Asset Management Company’s net value must come from the sponsor.
  • The sponsor must possess a flawless record, be free from any kind of fraudulent activity, and have no prior convictions for offences that involve moral corruption.
  • A sponsor must choose a trustee for a mutual fund business.
  • Designating an asset management company to oversee the finances and operations of the mutual fund. To operate such an asset management firm, one must have a net value of INR 5 crores.
  • Choosing a custodian to look after the security of securities.
  • The mutual fund business organisations will have to register themselves as trusts under the Indian Trust Act of 1882.
  • The objectives that allow the sponsoring company to run the mutual fund company’s activities must be included in the memorandum.

Documents Needed to Register a Mutual Fund Company

In order to create a mutual fund firm in India, a thorough set of documentation and procedures must be met. The following is a detailed breakdown of the paperwork required to register a mutual fund company:

  • Form A in accordance with SEBI Regulation Schedule: This form is an important document that must be filed with a non-refundable cost of Rs. 5 lakhs. It functions as the first registration form for the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).
  • Promoter company details: It is necessary to provide information about the promoter firm or its affiliate company, particularly if it is listed on a stock market. This contains information about the company’s finances, organisational structure, and any pertinent relationships.
  • Statement about officials in charge or directors: It is required to provide a statement attesting to the fact that neither directors nor administrative officials linked to the support firm have been found guilty of fraud or any other crime involving moral turpitude.
  • Trust deed and board of trustees: The trust contract, which must be completed, includes the terms and conditions of the shared fund. A board of managers made up of at least two-thirds different people is also necessary to oversee the mutual fund’s operations and decision-making processes.
  • Incorporation of Asset Management Company & Trustee Company: The Asset Management Company and Trustee Company must be made as distinct official entities in order to supervise and manage the activities associated with mutual funds. The Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association for them should be given as part of the licensing process.

The successful creation of a mutual fund company in India needs these papers in addition to meeting other prerequisites stated by SEBI. Establishing a famous mutual fund company in the Indian financial market and allowing a smooth application process relies on ensuring that all paperwork is correct, thorough, and compliant with regulatory requirements.

Mutual Fund Company Registration with SEBI

 The following is the process for registering a mutual fund with SEBI;

  • The non-refundable registration fee of five lakh rupees must be submitted with Form A.
  • The sponsor is the person with at least 40% of the asset management company’s net worth, and he must submit an application;
  • Make that the memorandum of agreement (MOA) of the sponsoring firm has a provision authorising it to conduct the mutual fund’s operations when it seeks to register the fund;
  • The application must include a full list of all group firms or linked entities that are registered with SEBI in any capacity.
  • If the sponsor firm is listed on a stock market, the following information must also be provided.
  • A statement declaring that the director or any authorities connected to the sponsor firm is innocent of any allegations related to ethical misconduct or fraud should be made.
  • The signing and delivery of the trust deed requires the foundation of a board of trustees, with two-thirds of the directors being independent.
  • Include the trustee and asset management businesses and provide their respective ADAs and MOAs.
  • Following their incorporation, these businesses must present an auditor’s certificate signed by a chartered accountant (CA) attesting to the fact that the asset management company has a net worth of at least ten crore rupees and that the sponsor has contributed 40% of that net worth.
  • An investment management agreement and a trust deed should be signed by the sponsoring corporation.
  • Complete information about the infrastructural facility, including the address and details of the Office, the AMC’s organisational chart, HR profile including fund managers and employees that do equities research should be provided with SEBI.
  • Designate a caretaker
  • The applicant must respond to any questions or information that SEBI may ask during the registration procedure.
  • The authority may reject the application after providing a reason statement if the requirements are not satisfied; in other cases, the certificate of registration will be granted if the application is thoroughly completed.

How to establish a mutual fund business in India?

1. SEBI clearance

 The first stage in establishing a private mutual fund firm is to apply for authorisation from SEBI and get a registration certificate. Following that, the application has to be approved by the Securities and Exchange Commission. After receiving permission, one has to have enough operating capital to maintain the company.

2. Examine Investment Companies

 Mutual funds are those trading enterprises which are listed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The SEC has strict rules and guidelines for mutual funds. For example, they must keep enough cash to pay buyers back for selling their shares and publicise important information. Anyone wanting to start a mutual fund firm must establish their business as a Limited Liability Partnership (LLP).

3. A Financial Advisor

To operate the mutual fund firm, institutional investment management permission must be obtained from the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). To get registration, use Form ADV, which is also required for different state registration requirements. On Form ADV, an applicant must declare the number of portfolios they want to manage. Institutional investment managers are asked to file a Form 13F, which contains details on the transactions and value of the fund.

4. Arrangement of Funds

The running expenses of the mutual fund comprise fees and other related costs. Attracting investor capital to build a portfolio is every mutual fund company’s most costly expense. Even with a little initial investment, one needs a sizable portfolio to run a profitable business.

5. Look for a Business Partner

Any mutual fund and shared trust may collaborate to provide insurance, regulatory compliance, and a board of directors. Mutual fund managers can make their own choices, and these businesses help start-ups and small mutual fund businesses become more competitive.

In summary

A mutual fund is a variety of investments chosen by the fund administrators. Initiating a mutual fund business in India requires thorough research, stringent qualifying requirements, and compliance with legal requirements. It’s a challenging but worthwhile undertaking requiring in-depth market research, a well-written business strategy, and SEBI authorizations.

The procedures include incorporation as a trust, careful document preparation, and hiring qualified staff to oversee the activities. In order to successfully complete the registration process, aspiring mutual fund businesses must satisfy eligibility requirements, meet investment management requirements, and maintain strict adherence to SEBI rules.

Sachin Jaiswal

Sachin Jaiswal B.A.(Hons)! Sachin Jaiswal has been writing material on his own for more than five years. He got his B.A.(Hons) in English from the well-known University of Delhi. His success in this job is due to the fact that he loves writing and making material that is interesting. He has worked with a lot of different clients in many different fields, always giving them high-quality content that their target audience will enjoy. Through his education and work experience, he is able to produce high-quality content that meets his clients' needs.