Penalties for violating Legal Metrology Packaged Commodities Rules in India


Last Updated on October 26, 2023 by Diksha Khiatani

The Legal Metrology Packaged Commodities Rules in India are crucial in regulating the packaging and labelling of various consumer products to ensure fairness and transparency in trade. Violating these rules can have significant legal and financial consequences for businesses and individuals involved. This blog will delve into the penalties for violating the Legal Metrology Packaged Commodities Rules in India, which are designed to protect consumers from misleading packaging and non-compliance.

Introduction to Legal Metrology Packaged Commodities Rules:

The Legal Metrology Act, 2009, and its corresponding Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities) Rules, 2011, govern India’s standardisation and regulation of weights and measures. These rules apply to all packaged commodities, ensuring that consumers receive accurate information about the quantity, quality, and price of products they purchase. The key objectives of these rules are to:

Protect Consumer Rights

Ensure that consumers receive the correct quantity and quality of the product as per the information provided on the label.

Prevent Unfair Trade Practices

Promote fair competition in the market by penalising those who engage in deceptive or fraudulent packaging and labelling.


Maintain uniformity in packaging and labelling to enable consumers to make informed choices.

Penalties for Violating Legal Metrology Packaged Commodities Rules:

Violating the Legal Metrology Packaged Commodities Rules can result in legal consequences for manufacturers, packers, importers, and sellers. The penalties for such violations are specified in the Legal Metrology Act 2009. The Act categorises violations into two main classes: minor violations and major violations, each with its own set of penalties.

1. Minor Violations:

Minor violations under the Legal Metrology Act are generally less severe infractions that do not pose significant harm to consumers or the market. These violations are subject to relatively milder penalties. Some examples of minor violations include:

  • Non-standardisation of Weights and Measures: Using non-standard weights and measures for packaging.
  • Errors in Labeling: Incorrect label information, such as incorrect quantity, quality, or price.
  • Overcharging: Charging a price higher than the MRP (Maximum Retail Price) mentioned on the package.

Penalties for minor violations may include:

  1. Warning: In less severe cases, the Legal Metrology officials may warn the violator to rectify the non-compliance.
  2. Fines: Violators may be subject to penalties, typically ranging from INR 2,000 to INR 25,000, depending on the specific violation.
  3. Seizure of Non-compliant Goods: Legal Metrology officials have the authority to seize non-compliant goods, which can be released upon rectifying the violations and paying the associated fines.
  4. Cancellation of License: In case of repeated violations or severe non-compliance, the authorities can cancel the license of the manufacturer, packer, or seller, effectively barring them from continuing their business.

2. Major Violations:

Major violations are more severe offences that can significantly harm consumers and the market. These violations often involve intentional fraudulent practices, misleading consumers, and tampering with packaging. Some examples of major violations include:

  • Tampering with Weights and Measures: Deliberate manipulation of weights and measures to package less product than indicated.
  • Counterfeit Packaging: Creating counterfeit or misleading labels and packaging to deceive consumers.
  • False Declarations: Providing false information about the quantity, quality, or price of the product.
  • Non-registration: Failure to register with the Legal Metrology Department, as the law requires.

Penalties for major violations are more severe and may include:

  1. Hefty Fines: Fines for major violations can range from INR 25,000 to INR 1 lakh or more, depending on the gravity of the violation.
  2. Imprisonment: In some cases, imprisonment for a period of up to one year may be imposed in addition to fines.
  • Seizure of Goods: Goods involved in major violations can be seized, and in some cases, they may not be released even after paying fines.
  1. License Cancellation: The authorities may cancel the license of the offender, effectively prohibiting them from operating in the market.

Key Enforcement Authorities:

The enforcement of Legal Metrology rules and the imposition of penalties fall under the jurisdiction of various authorities, including:

Legal Metrology Officials

The Legal Metrology Department is primarily responsible for enforcing these rules at the state and central levels. They conduct inspections, investigations, and audits to ensure compliance with the regulations.

State Controller of Legal Metrology

Each state in India has a designated Controller of Legal Metrology responsible for enforcing the rules within the state’s jurisdiction.

Director of Legal Metrology (Central)

At the central level, the Director of Legal Metrology oversees enforcement and compliance with Legal Metrology rules on a national scale.

Consumer Affairs Department

The Department of Consumer Affairs serves a critical role in overseeing consumer protection and ensuring that consumers are not subjected to deceptive packaging and pricing practices.

Challenges in Enforcement:

While there are stringent penalties in place for violations of the Legal Metrology Packaged Commodities Rules, enforcing these rules can be challenging due to various factors:

Resource Constraints

Limited resources, both in terms of equipment and personnel, can hinder the effective enforcement of these rules.

Complex Supply Chains

The modern supply chain can be complex, making it challenging to trace violations back to their source.

Lack of Awareness

Some businesses may not be fully aware of the rules and regulations, leading to unintentional violations.

Lack of Stringent Implementation

Inconsistent implementation of penalties can lead to a lack of deterrence for potential violators.

Counterfeit and Illicit Products

Illicit products that bypass legal channels often evade regulation, posing a significant challenge for enforcement.


The Legal Metrology Packaged Commodities Rules in India are essential for ensuring fairness, transparency, and consumer protection in trade. Violating these rules, such as not obtaining the LMPC Certificate, can result in significant penalties, ranging from warnings and fines for minor violations to imprisonment and heavy fines for major violations. The enforcement of these rules is crucial to maintaining consumer trust and ensuring that businesses operate fairly and honestly in the market. While there are challenges in enforcing these rules, ongoing efforts by regulatory authorities and increased awareness can aid address these issues and contribute to a more equitable marketplace for all.

Diksha Khiatani

A writer by day and a reader at night. Emerging from an Engineering background, Diksha has completed her M. Tech in Computer Science field. Being passionate about writing, she started her career as a Writer. She finds it interesting and always grabs time to research and write about Environmental laws and compliances. With extensive knowledge on content writing, she has been delivering high-quality write-ups. Besides, you will often find her with a novel and a cuppa!