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Private Limited Company Registration for Startups: Best Practices and Strategies


Last Updated on July 9, 2023 by Kanakkupillai

Private Limited Company Registration (PLC) for Startups

Private limited company registration is a common option for startups and companies with higher growth objectives in India. The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) is in charge of PLC, established by the Companies Act of 2013. Since it is a registered corporation, the firm has a distinct legal personality from its owners.

Importance of a PLC registration for startups 

Due to the PLC’s special characteristics, including its separate legal status, perpetual succession, limited liability, restricted share transfer facility, common seal, artificial legal body, increased credibility, dual relationship, ease of maintenance, flexible management, and tax efficiency, startups must register as one. The significance of a PLC in India has steadily increased due to the rising number of start-ups and businesses.

Key Takeaways

  1. Private Limited Company (PLC) registration is a popular choice for startups in India due to its distinct legal status.
  2. PLC offers benefits like limited liability, perpetual succession, credibility, tax efficiency, and flexible management.
  3. Key considerations include understanding legal requirements, eligibility criteria, and capital requirements, and selecting a suitable business name.
  4. Drafting and filing the memorandum and articles of association is crucial for establishing the company’s goals and regulations.
  5. Appointing directors and shareholders, compliance with statutory obligations, and ongoing reporting are important steps.
  6. Best practices include hiring professional legal and accounting support assistance, saving time, ensuring compliance, and networking opportunities.
  7. Finding a trustworthy professional involves research, recommendations, checking credentials, and effective communication skills.
  8. Addressing any issues or concerns promptly, seeking professional assistance, and contacting relevant agencies are essential for a successful registration process.

Eligibility criteria for forming a PLC 

Minimum and maximum number of directors and shareholders 

There must be a minimum of 2 directors to run the company’s affairs, but there can never be more than 15. There should be at least one resident director. The company’s shareholders must consist of at least two members.

Capital Requirements and shareholding structure 

The idea of a minimum capital requirement has been dropped to encourage enterprise. So, no minimum capital is needed.

Selecting a suitable business name and registering it 

Your company’s name must be distinctive. The suggested name must not be similar to any businesses or trademarks already registered in India. By going into the MCA site and paying a charge of Rs. 1000, a suggested name can be reserved to create a company or change the name of an existing company using the RUN service. The integrated company incorporation and name reservation procedures can also be completed via the SPICe form.

Drafting and filing the memorandum and articles of association 

Every corporation must write the articles of association (AOA) and the memorandum of association (MOA). Along with the company incorporation form, the MOA and AOA must be filed with the Registrar of Companies (ROC).

The MOA and AOA specify the company’s goals, regulations, and internal administration. The company’s constitution is based on two fundamental documents, the MOA and the AOA. They are crucial, and the cornerstone of the business rests on them. Therefore, they must be drafted by a company’s founders with the highest clarity and precision.

Appointment of directors and shareholders 

A majority of votes cast at a general meeting is required for an ordinary resolution, which names directors, to be approved by the company’s shareholders.

The following phases are commonly included in the appointment procedure for directors:

  1. Determine the requirement for directors
  2. Nomination of directors
  3. Approval of shareholders

Compliance with statutory obligations and ongoing reporting

The appointment of an auditor, statutory audit of the accounts, annual return (Form MGT-7), financial statements (Form AOC-4), holding the annual general meeting, preparation of the director’s report, income tax compliances (calculation and quarterly payment of advance tax, filing of income tax return, tax audit, and filing of tax audit report), and maintenance of statutory registers and records are all statutory obligations that a PLC must uphold. 

Strategies for a successful PLC registration for startups

Hiring professional assistance is a necessary step in the PLC registration process. Here are some reasons why seeking professional help could be beneficial:

Hiring professional help

Attorneys and accountants are experts who have the knowledge and abilities to guide you through the registration process. They can provide insightful criticism and recommendations in addition to making certain that all legal and regulatory requirements are met.

Time-saving: The registration process can be challenging and time-consuming. By utilizing professionals, you may save time and concentrate on other aspects of starting your firm.

Error prevention: The registration process necessitates many documents and legal criteria. Professionals may help ensure the necessary documentation is filed accurately and on time, avoiding errors and delays.

Compliance: You must follow all laws and regulations for your business to prosper. Professionals may help to ensure that all compliance requirements are met, reducing the likelihood of future legal and financial issues.

Networking: It may be feasible to find potential partners, clients, or investors through the extensive networks that professionals like lawyers and accountants usually have.

Importance of legal and accounting assistance

Legal and accounting support is necessary for the registration of a PLC to be successful. The following points highlight the importance of legal and accounting support:

  • Compliance with legal and regulatory requirements: Legal counsel can assist in ensuring that all legal and regulatory requirements relating to registration are met. This entails formulating and assessing legal agreements like the MOA and AOA and ensuring compliance with tax and labour laws.
  • Potential advantages of legal assistance include spotting potential legal duties and dangers and providing guidance on handling them. This includes issues with intellectual property, issues with contracts, and issues with partners or employees.
  • Accounting assistance can be employed to manage the registration process’s financial components. Examples are creating accounting systems, managing cash flow, and abiding by legal and financial obligations.
  • Accounting assistance might ensure adherence to tax regulations, such as the timely filing of income tax returns and tax payments.
  • Investor relations: By giving correct financial information and adhering to legal and regulatory requirements, legal and accounting services may support the growth of fruitful investor partnerships.

How to find and choose a good professional

Here are some tips on how to choose and identify a trustworthy specialist for PLC registration:

  • Conduct research: Look up local accountants and solicitors specialising in online founding PLCs to get started. Look up their websites and Internet profiles to learn more about their qualifications and experience.
  • Ask for recommendations: Consult with other business owners about their hired lawyers and accountants. You could also ask for references from networks or professional associations.
  • Check credentials: Ensure the accountant or lawyer you are considering has the appropriate licenses and certifications to practice in your jurisdiction. You could contact regulatory bodies and professional associations to verify their credentials.
  • Meet with potential employers: Talk to potential accountants and lawyers to discuss your requirements and evaluate their qualifications. Request information about their experience creating private limited corporations and how they may help your business.
  • Consider the price: Ask a professional about their prices and billing practices to ensure their services are within your price range. It is crucial to understand the fees involved with their services and how they will be billed.
  • Choose a professional who is open to your expectations and has effective communication skills by examining their talents. Effective communication is essential to ensure that everything is completed accurately and swiftly during the registration process.

Addressing any issues or concerns

Addressing any issues or concerns during the PLC registration process is crucial for achieving a positive outcome. The following are some essential considerations to bear in mind when tackling any problems or worries:

  • Identify the issue or concern: The first step is to identify the issue or concern that has arisen. A missing document, incorrect data, or a legal issue could cause this.
  • Recognize the impact: Understanding how the issue or concern could influence the registration process is crucial. You can then judge its importance and urgency, thanks to this.
  • Seek professional assistance: If you need legal or regulatory understanding or are unsure how to handle a problem or worry, think about hiring an accountant or lawyer.
  • Contact the right agency: If the issue or concern requires action from the relevant governmental organization or regulatory body, contact them as quickly as possible and politely. Please provide any further information or supporting paperwork if necessary. Additionally, you should check in frequently to make sure the issue is being fixed.
  • If the problem or concern relates to internal processes or documents, take prompt corrective action to resolve and prevent it from happening again.


In conclusion, a smooth Pvt Ltd Company registration process is essential to the long-term success of your business. However, if you require assistance registering your PLC, contact Govche India Pvt. Ltd.’s, which is in Chennai.

The experts at Kanakkupillai are aware of this procedure’s importance and its possible consequences for your business. Their team of professionals is dedicated to offering reliable and trustworthy services to help you navigate the difficult registration process with ease. Therefore, if you’re looking for a partner to help you register your PLC, Kanakkupillai is the only company you need to consider.


Kanakkupillai is your reliable partner for every step of your business journey in India. We offer reasonable and expert assistance to ensure legal compliance, covering business registration, tax compliance, accounting and bookkeeping, and intellectual property protection. Let us help you navigate the complex legal and regulatory requirements so you can focus on growing your business. Contact us today to learn more.