You are currently viewing Registered vs Non-Registered Partnerships: What You Need to Know

Registered vs Non-Registered Partnerships: What You Need to Know


Last Updated on June 18, 2024 by Kanakkupillai

There are various reasons for registering your partnership firm, including reducing potential disputes, providing credibility with investors, customers, creditors and banks, and simplifying ownership transfer. Unregistered firms cannot sue third parties to enforce contract rights, an important restriction that could prove costly in the long run.

What is a Partnership Firm?

A partnership is an informal business arrangement in which two or more people work collaboratively to operate a commercial enterprise. Partners share ownership, management and profits. A partnership provides businesses with an efficient means of pooling resources and expertise while testing the waters for new ventures before investing in more formal structures.

There are various types of partnerships, including limited and general. Limited partnerships limit individual owner liability, while general partnerships have unlimited liability; limited partnerships may restrict the rights of outside investors, while general partnerships can be formed by signing a partnership agreement or conducting business with someone.

In most states, partnerships must be registered to conduct business within the state. Once registered as partnerships, businesses will receive an identification number and need to file tax returns; additionally, registered partnerships have access to additional benefits unregistered partnerships do not enjoy.

Registered partnerships may be dissolved by giving notice to all the partners or based on the terms of their partnership agreement. Such notice must include details regarding when and why it will dissolve; business operations cannot continue post-dissolution date.

While registered partnerships must abide by state-specific laws, they do not have to register with the federal government. According to IRS requirements, registration only needs to happen if more than 20 partners or 500 employees work simultaneously for that business.

Although partnerships do not require registration, it is wise for partners to create a partnership agreement to avoid internal legal problems and disagreements and clarify each partner’s roles, responsibilities, liabilities, personal assets protection in case of litigation, rights and responsibilities of third-party collaborators and much more.

What are the Benefits of a Registered Partnership?

An advantage of being a registered partnership firm is accessing legal benefits not available to non-registered partnerships, including filing legal actions between partners in case of disagreement and setting off claims against third parties by filing legal actions with courts to settle them. Furthermore, registered partnership firms have the right to claim set-off amounts as debtor owed, which should be offset against their claims from creditors.

Notably, the benefits of forming a registered partnership do not guarantee success; their effects depend on state law. Therefore, couples looking into entering one should consult a lawyer and familiarise themselves with their state, county or city regulations before becoming registered partners.

What are the Benefits of a Non-Registered Partnership?

Partnering with another business is an effective strategy for expanding your enterprise. Not only can partnership businesses provide financial advantages, but tax savings and other advantages can also be associated with them. Plus, partnerships tend to be easier to set up than corporations or LLPs and can offer greater flexibility regarding profit sharing and management arrangements compared with these structures. Before selecting this structure option for your venture, you should consider a few things.

Selecting an optimal partnership structure can make all the difference for your business’s success. If you need help selecting which structure best meets your needs and goals, consult a tax professional or attorney – they can assist in determining what option would work best and even provide any legal documents needed for it to go forward.

Unregistered partnership firms may be legal, but they need more benefits than registered partnerships enjoy. An unregistered firm cannot sue third parties should any disagreements or conflicts arise between partners – including disputes that involve third parties. This could prove devastatingly disadvantageous if disagreements or conflicts arise, leading to litigation against either.

Unregistered firms cannot take advantage of registered companies’ set-off credibility – meaning if a partner owes money to the company, another partner can use their share in it as collateral to offset it – to set off any liabilities they might owe against it – this benefit cannot be found with unregistered partnerships.

Registering your partnership can also give it official recognition, which can be helpful when applying for loans or investment funding from banks and investors and building trust among customers and suppliers.

Registration can help establish roles and responsibilities within the firm, helping avoid disputes and misunderstandings by clearly outlining each partner’s rights and responsibilities. Registration includes creating a partnership deed that details these details; this helps ensure all partners are on the same page regarding decision-making, profit sharing, management and running the partnership.

What are the Consequences of Non-Registered Partnerships?

Partnerships can be ideal for individuals or entities with limited resources (time, skills or capital) to join forces and run a business together. By pooling efforts and resources together, partnerships can provide greater consumer access while lowering operating costs and risks. If you are considering starting or joining a partnership, it must be registered – this will protect personal assets from creditors while giving the company legal recognition and distinctness.

Partnership firm registration can also bring tax advantages, such as deductions and exemptions. Furthermore, some governments require partnerships to keep detailed accounting records; failing to register in such instances could result in legal complications and fines.

Non-registration can have serious repercussions for partners and third parties, particularly when an outside party wants to file suit against it. Furthermore, registered partnership firms enjoy set-off credibility, allowing them to claim credit against third parties’ debts.

Unregistered partnerships find it challenging to raise capital from investors or banks due to the legal ambiguities surrounding such an entity, making settling disputes between partners or third parties more complex without legal support provided by registration. Furthermore, non-registration can cause confusion and mistrust amongst partners as they are legally unable to file lawsuits against each other. However, you can avoid these issues with careful preparation and compliance with local laws.

Registered vs. Non-Registered Partnerships

Registered partners tend to appear more reliable to customers and third parties due to being legally recognised entities. Registered Partnership Firms allow their partners to claim set-off against claims from third parties – this benefit is only available to authorised partnerships.

1. Taxes

After registering as a partnership firm, its income becomes subject to tax. Profits generated are taxed as personal income for partners; failure to file returns could incur tax liabilities for the firm itself and can give clients and suppliers confidence that they will comply with all legal obligations.

Partnership tax records are vitally important, serving a range of functions. Most importantly, they ensure accurate amounts are reported on partnership returns and that all income, deductions, apportionment percentages and credits are properly claimed. Partnerships must keep these records until either their statute of limitation for this return has passed or those items appear again on subsequent returns by partners.

An experienced attorney can assist in selecting the most suitable structure for your business – either an LLP or Pvt Ltd will offer limited liability: general partners are only responsible for their share of debts and obligations incurred. At the same time, creditors only gain access to assets belonging to the entity.

2. Liability

At some point, every business will encounter challenges, whether due to disagreements among partners or contract breaches by third parties. A non-registered partnership firm cannot seek legal aid as it lacks the authority to sue third parties or co-partners directly.

Suppose a third party sues for debts against their registered partnership firm, such as those accruing under its debt-collection policies. In that case, set-off credibility may allow the registered partnership firm to use the settlement to settle such claims, as stated in Umesh Goel vs Himachal Pradesh Co-operative Housing Society Ltd vs Rauf Ahmad in 2011.

However, a non-registered partnership firm that chooses this route would face heavy persuasive pressure from creditors and investors, with banks unlikely to approve such applications for credit approval because banks tend to lend money more readily to registered businesses than non-registered ones.

3. Access to the Courts

In case of any contract disputes or breaches, registered partnership firms have legal grounds to seek assistance from relevant authorities. As per Section 69(2) of the Act, unregistered partnership firms cannot be filed by or on behalf of registered partnership firms.

Unregistered partnerships cannot transfer ownership, which may become an issue in larger operations. Furthermore, banks may view registered partnerships more favourably when considering credit approval applications.

An unregistered partnership may work successfully without issues emerging, but when conflicts emerge, they will require legal proceedings that would otherwise be inaccessible without registration. Therefore, businesses should register their partnership firms proactively as this can bring tax advantages, which could be especially helpful for small companies looking to grow quickly.

Benefits of Registered Partnership Firms

Registration as a partnership firm gives your business a firm legal foundation, giving it more credibility among customers, vendors and financial institutions. Furthermore, registration allows the firm to obtain its PAN Card, improving access to banking facilities and opening more opportunities for growth, collaboration and partnerships.

Furthermore, registration of an LLP is relatively straightforward and can be accomplished quickly with help from experts such as Kanakkupillai. Filing documents is straightforward, while the paperwork burden is far less burdensome than that associated with companies or limited liability partnerships (LLPs). This reduced complexity saves valuable time and resources for the partners involved.

Registering a partnership firm provides another benefit: any internal disputes between partners can seek legal relief through court action if they pertain to matters defined in their partnership deed or rights granted under the Partnership Act. Unfortunately, partners of unregistered partnerships do not enjoy this privilege and must pursue criminal actions against those who have caused harm.

If a third party brings suit against a registered firm for recovery of sums owed them, its partners can use set-off to defend against it by showing how this particular third party owes money back. An unregistered partnership firm would not have this option.

Registered partnerships also have additional advantages over unregistered firms in terms of contract enforcement, litigation, and tax benefits such as depreciation claims and lower tax bills. These benefits could significantly impact their bottom lines and make registration of their partnership firm essential for all businesses.

Advantages of Unregistered Partnership Firms

Unregistered partnership firms may seem more convenient and affordable, but doing so entails certain disadvantages. Without legal legitimacy and supporting documentation, these partnerships make it more difficult to raise capital from investors. They can cause disputes to escalate more quickly if conflicts or disputes arise between partners. Registration provides a legal framework that helps resolve such conflicts quickly.

Unregistered partnerships don’t give their partners any legal right to inspect the firm’s books of accounts or other records it maintains, which may create mistrust among partners and lead to disagreement. Furthermore, it can be hard to resolve conflicts quickly and amicably without the ability to file a lawsuit against fellow partners or even the firm itself.

One major drawback of operating as an unregistered firm is that it can be challenging to establish an acceptable profit-sharing ratio or other terms of the partnership agreement, leading to mistrust among partners and a lack of clarity surrounding firm goals. Therefore, before beginning operations, it’s wise to draft a comprehensive partnership agreement that sets these terms.

Last, it is essential to remember that third parties may still sue an unregistered partnership firm. While registered partnership firms are legally barred from filing suits against third parties, an outsider may do so. Therefore, you must consult a lawyer to avoid any legal issues in the future.

As such, registered partnership firms offer many advantages that outweigh their disadvantages and should generally be recommended to small and mid-sized businesses. Registration typically involves minimal legal formalities and costs. It will help establish your business as a legally recognised entity with greater credibility in the market, opening more business opportunities, boosting your reputation and enhancing goodwill for your firm.


Welcome to! Hello there, I'm Supreena, a legal advisor deeply passionate about entrepreneurship and dedicated to helping business owners and startup enthusiasts navigate the complex landscape of business formation, growth, and success. My profound understanding of the intricate aspects of various industries, legal frameworks, and strategies for sustainable growth makes me your trusted partner in achieving your business goals. With a commitment to promoting diversity and inclusivity in the business world, I firmly believe that every entrepreneur, regardless of their background, should have access to the legal expertise and guidance needed to thrive in the competitive startup ecosystem. I am honored to be part of your journey toward entrepreneurial success through this blog, where I'll provide valuable legal insights and strategies tailored to your business needs. Thank you for entrusting me with the opportunity to contribute to your path to business prosperity. For more information and resources, please visit