As per the amended Section 90 of the Companies Act, 2013 (‘Act’), SBO is referred as-
“Every individual, who acting alone or together, or through one or more persons or trust, including a trust and person’s resident outside India, holds beneficial interests, of not less than ten per cent. or such other percentage as may be prescribed, in shares of a company or the right to exercise, or the actual exercising of significant influence or control as defined in clause (27) of section 2 of the Act.
As per the definition provided in the Act, the government is empowered to prescribe other holding percentage even for the determination of the SBO. Accordingly, the revised Rules provides the following definition as –
“Significant Beneficial Owner in relation to a reporting company means an individual are the ones who possesses one or more of the following rights or entitlements in such company, namely: –
- Holds indirectly, or together with any direct holdings, not less than 10%of the shares;
- Holds indirectly, or together with any direct holdings, not less than 10%of the voting rights in the shares;
- Has right to receive or participate in not less than 10%of the total distributable dividend, or any other distribution, in a financial year through indirect holdings alone, or together with any direct holdings;
- Has right to exercise or actually exercises, directly or indirectly, significant influence or control, in any manner other than through direct holdings alone.
Declaration of the SBO – In case of ownership
The process of declaration of SBO is as follows
- The individual has to file ownership using Form No BEN-1 with 30 days of acquiring such ownership.
- Once receiving the declaration, the company file a return using Form No Ben-2 with the registrar within 30 days.
- Form No Ben-3 is the Register of Beneficial owner holding Significant Beneficial Interest held by the company and made available for inspection during business hours that varies from company to company however, the amount should not exceed Rs. 50,000/-.
- Form No Ben-4 is a notice given by the Company requiring the individual to furnish details of his beneficial interest.
Penalties in case of non-declaration:
Individual – Fine over 1 lakh up to 10 lakhs or imprisonment for up to one year
Company – Fine over 10 lakhs up to 50 lakhs
False information furnished will be panelised under Section 447 – Punishment for Fraud.
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