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Top 10 Common Mistakes to Avoid During Company Registration in India


Common Mistakes to Avoid During Company Registration 

Registering a company in India is crucial for entrepreneurs looking to establish their business in this rapidly growing market. With the rise of the startup industry in India, it’s essential to understand and navigate the company registration process effectively. This article will shed light on the ten common mistakes that business owners often make during the company registration process and provide guidance on how to avoid them. By removing these pitfalls, you can increase your chances of a smooth and successful company registration.

1. Incorrect Company Names

Choosing the right name for your company is the first and foremost step in the registration process. It’s essential to adhere to the legal guidelines that govern company names. The Companies Act 2013, the Trademark Act 1999, and the Names and Emblems Act 1950 all play a role in determining whether your chosen name is permissible. Your company’s name should not resemble or be deceptively similar to an existing company or LLP. It should also not violate any laws or be undesirable in the eyes of the Central Government.

Additionally, ensure that your company name doesn’t infringe on existing trademarks. A public search in the government’s trademark database is a prudent step to take.

2. Incorrect Company Type

When registering your company, you have three legal structures: public limited, private limited, or One Person Company (OPC). The decision depends on your business’s funding, scale, and growth aspirations. Public limited companies require a minimum of seven shareholders and three directors, making them suitable for larger operations. Private limited companies need a minimum of two shareholders and two directors, offering flexibility for smaller businesses. OPCs are designed for single owners who seek limited liability. However, when an OPC’s share capital exceeds 2 Crores (formerly Rs. 50 Lakhs), it must convert to a Private Limited Company.

3. Incorrect Company Description

Your company’s description, as included in the incorporation application, is vital information. It should comprehensively outline your business’s name, activities, location, brand identity, target customer base, and, most importantly, its objectives. This description becomes the foundation for essential documents like the Memorandum of Association (MoA), the Articles of Association (AoA), business plans, and policies, shaping your business’s growth and expansion strategies.

4. Incorrect Supporting Documents

The registration process requires attaching specific supporting documents to your application. These documents must be signed and attested using the applicant’s Digital Signature Certificate (DSC). Essential supporting documents include PAN, proof of identity, proof of the director’s registered address, and proof of the registered office address. You’ll need a rent agreement and a No Objection Certificate from the landlord for rented office spaces. Property documents and a No Objection Certificate from the owner are necessary if the office space is owned. The e-MoA and e-AoA filed through INC 33 and INC 34 forms are significant documents that must accompany your application.

5. Unnecessary Appointment of Directors

Not all shareholders need to become directors. The Board of Directors (BoD) plays a pivotal role in making crucial decisions, and it should be composed of individuals with a range of skills and expertise, including market analysts, legal professionals, and industry experts. A wise move is to separate ownership from the executive roles of the company and appoint directors carefully.

6. Not Drafting and Registering the Written Rental Agreement

Drafting a written rental agreement with your landlord is vital in preventing disputes. Oral agreements can lead to complications, as only written and registered agreements hold weight in legal proceedings. These agreements should be created on stamp paper and notarized by a notary. Registration involves applying at the sub-registrar’s office of the State Government and includes details such as the company’s name and address, rent amount, lease duration, renewal terms, notice periods, and provided facilities.

7. The Absence of Founders/Shareholder’s Agreement

A Shareholder’s Agreement is an essential document that all company shareholders should draft, agree upon, and sign. It covers crucial details like share issuance, allotment, capital, lock-in periods, investment terms, share transfer provisions, dividend declarations, inheritance of ownership, nominee information, and more. Without this written agreement, resolving disputes among shareholders can become exceptionally challenging.

8. No Thorough Information on Local Laws

While the registration process falls under the purview of the Union Ministry of Corporate Affairs, various state-specific post-incorporation compliance requirements exist. Failure to comply with these state-specific laws can result in hefty penalties. One example is Professional Tax Registration, which is mandatory in certain states and must be completed within 30 days of incorporation. This tax applies to the professions of the company’s directors, owners, and employees and is deductible from their incomes. It is enforced in specific states, including Karnataka, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and West Bengal.

9. Incorrect Office Address

Confusion often arises when filling out the address section of the application. The form requires two types of addresses: the personal address of the director signing the application and the address of the main office or headquarters where significant business activities will take place. These addresses must be supported by proof of residence no older than two months. Only electricity, water, and telephone bills are valid proof of address for the application.

10. Not Seeking Professional Help

Many startup owners lack awareness of the necessary compliance requirements, often because of the perceived high costs of professional services. However, failing to comply can result in far more substantial penalties than the cost of professional assistance. Legal proceedings against your business could even lead to its closure. Therefore, engaging professionals to ensure compliance with all legal requirements is advisable. Services such as those provided by Kanakkupillai specialize in private limited company registration and post-registration compliance for businesses of all sizes.


For small business startups, non-compliance with legal requirements can result in significant government-imposed penalties that can negatively impact business growth. To prevent these issues, adhering to all legal mandates within the prescribed timeframes is highly recommended. Seeking professional assistance is a prudent step to ensure compliance and navigate the complex process effectively.

By avoiding these common mistakes and following the guidance outlined in this article, entrepreneurs can significantly improve their chances of successful company registration in India. The Indian startup landscape offers immense growth opportunities, and a smooth registration process is a crucial foundation for a thriving business.


1. Can I change my company name after registration?

Yes, you can change your company name after registration, but it involves a formal process and approval from the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. Choosing a name carefully during the registration process is advisable to avoid complications later.

2. What are the consequences of not complying with state-specific laws and regulations?

Non-compliance with state-specific laws can lead to hefty penalties. In some cases, it may also result in legal actions against your business, potentially leading to its closure.

3. How can professional assistance benefit my company registration process?

Professional assistance can help you navigate the complex registration process, ensure compliance with all legal requirements, and save you from costly mistakes. It’s an investment in the smooth operation and growth of your business.


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