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Trademark – Process and its Needs


Last Updated on June 24, 2023 by Kanakkupillai


Trademark registration is essential in protecting intellectual property and establishing a unique brand identity. This process involves conducting a thorough trademark search, determining appropriate classes, filing the trademark application, addressing objections, and obtaining legal protection for the brand name. Trademarks provide numerous benefits, including asset value, product differentiation, and reputation protection. Understanding the trademark process is crucial for businesses seeking to safeguard their brands and establish a strong market presence.

Trademark Search

Conducting a comprehensive trademark search is crucial before proceeding with the trademark registration process. A trademark search aims to determine whether a proposed trademark already exists and is being used by another organization. This search is typically performed by a trademark agent or attorney who specializes in intellectual property law. By conducting a thorough search, potential conflicts and legal issues can be identified early on, helping businesses avoid unnecessary disputes and potential rebranding efforts.

Key Takeaways

  1. Conducting a trademark search before registration helps identify conflicts and avoid disputes or rebranding efforts.
  2. Trademark classification determines the appropriate classes for goods or services, ensuring accurate coverage in the application.
  3. The trademark application involves submitting required documents to the trademark office and using the trademark symbol (™) to claim ownership.
  4. Registration requires payment of government fees, and objections raised during the examination must be addressed within the specified time.
  5. Trademark registration provides legal protection and exclusive rights to use the trademark for specified goods or services.
  6. Trademark registration adds value to a brand as an asset that can be sold or licensed, generating revenue opportunities.
  7. Trademarks differentiate products or services, creating brand recognition, loyalty, and increased sales.
  8. Trademarks protect the reputation and credibility of a company, preventing unauthorized use and preserving brand image.
  9. Trademark infringement can harm a company’s reputation, emphasizing the importance of securing trademark rights.
  10. Registering a trademark safeguards intellectual property and establishes a strong brand identity in the market.

Search for Classes

The trademark classification system categorizes goods and services into 45 different classes. Classes 1 to 34 pertain to the classification of goods, while classes 35 to 45 focus on services. It is important for organizations to carefully analyze and determine the appropriate classes relevant to their goods or services. This step ensures that the trademark application covers the specific goods or services the organization intends to offer. Certain services may fall under multiple classes, so choosing the correct classes requires careful consideration. Additionally, when applying for a trademark, the concerned individual or organization must submit important documents such as proof of identity.

Trademark Application

Once the trademark is distinctive and available for use, the trademark attorney can proceed with the trademark application. The application process involves submitting the necessary paperwork and documentation to the appropriate trademark office. Once the application is filed, the individual or organization can begin using the trademark symbol (™) to indicate their claim of ownership and exclusive rights to the brand name.

Trademark Registration

The individual, startup, or government company must pay an appropriate government fee to complete the trademark registration process. If no objections are raised during the examination of the trademark application, it will be published in the Trademark Journals. However, if any objections are raised, a response must be submitted within 30 days to address the concerns. Once the trademark is registered, the owner gains legal protection and exclusive rights to use the trademark in connection with the specified goods or services.

Reasons to Trademark a Brand Name

Asset Value: Trademark registration allows a brand name to be treated as an asset that can be sold or licensed, similar to any other property. For example, the Kingfisher Signature trademark was sold for a significant amount of rupees 367 crores during an auction. By trademarking a brand name, a company can enhance its value and generate revenue through licensing agreements or the sale of the trademark itself.

Product Differentiation: Trademarks are crucial in distinguishing one product or service from another. Creating a unique and recognizable brand identity is essential for motivating customers to choose a particular product over its competitors. A strong trademark helps build brand recognition and consumer loyalty, increasing sales and market share.

Protection of Reputation: A trademark serves as an identity for an organization. It represents the credibility and reputation of a company, and it should be protected as intellectual property. Failing to secure trademark rights leaves a brand vulnerable to competition infringement, which can harm the company’s hard-earned reputation. By registering a trademark, a company safeguards its brand image and prevents unauthorized use by others.


Trademark registration in India is crucial for businesses seeking to protect their brand names and establish a unique market presence. Conducting a comprehensive trademark search, determining appropriate classes, and successfully filing the application is essential to obtaining legal protection. Trademarks not only differentiate products and services but also add value to a brand, protect its reputation, and provide opportunities for licensing or selling. Understanding the trademark process and its significance is vital for businesses aiming to safeguard their intellectual property and thrive in the competitive marketplace.


1. Why is conducting a trademark search important?

A trademark search helps identify existing trademarks and potential conflicts, allowing businesses to avoid disputes and rebranding efforts.

2. What is the significance of trademark classes?

Trademark classes categorize goods and services, ensuring accurate coverage in the application and protecting the brand in the relevant business areas.

3. What happens during the trademark application process?

The trademark application involves submitting the necessary paperwork to the trademark office, indicating the claim of ownership and exclusive rights to the brand name.

4. What are the steps to address objections during the trademark examination?

If objections are raised, a response must be submitted within 30 days to address the concerns and clarify any issues related to the trademark application.

5. How does trademark registration protect a brand’s reputation?

Trademark registration establishes legal protection, preventing unauthorized use and safeguarding the reputation and credibility of a company.

6. Can a registered trademark be sold or licensed?

Yes, a registered trademark can be treated as an asset and sold or licensed, generating revenue opportunities for the brand owner.

7. How does a trademark differentiate products or services?

Trademarks create a unique brand identity, distinguishing products or services from competitors and building consumer recognition and loyalty.

8. What are the risks of not securing trademark rights?

Failing to register a trademark leaves a brand vulnerable to infringement, potentially damaging the company’s reputation and market position.

9. How does trademark registration add value to a brand?

By treating a brand name as an asset, trademark registration enhances the value and opens avenues for licensing agreements or selling the trademark.

10. What is the ultimate goal of trademark registration?

Trademark registration aims to establish legal protection, secure exclusive rights, and build a strong and distinctive brand identity.

G.Durghasree B.A.B.L (Hons)

G Durghasree B.A.B.L (Hons) is a registered trademark attorney with extensive experience as an Advocate for a period of 8 years. She possesses expertise in trademark law, including trademark filing and trademark hearings. Additionally, she is skilled in contract drafting and reviewing, providing legal advice and opinions, particularly in the areas of Company Law, Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC), and Goods and Service Tax Law (GST). Her experience encompasses both litigation and non-litigation aspects of these laws.