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What is a Class in Trademark?

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  • Post published:November 18, 2023
  • Post category:Trademark


Last Updated on May 23, 2024 by Kanakkupillai

The World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) has formally declared the January 1, 2023, implementation date of the most recent revision to the Nice Classification. It is crucial for individuals contemplating international trademark registration after this date to utilise the most recent edition of the Nice Classification when specifying protection.

Notable alterations incorporated in the twelfth edition are crucial to remember. The WIPO has additionally informed the Offices of the Contracting Parties and applicants regarding the transition period practice. The International Bureau of WIPO has established this procedure to guarantee uniformity and lucidity during the assessment of international registration applications. Implementing this proactive stance by WIPO enhances the efficiency and knowledge of the worldwide trademark registration procedure.

What is Trademark Class?

Protection of your business, brand, or concept’s image requires that you submit a trademark application to the patent and trademark office. Nevertheless, selecting the specific products or services that your trademark will encompass is of equal significance. Performing a trademark class inquiry before proceeding with international filing is prudent.

Defending the products or services that consumers associate with a particular brand is the essence of trademark protection. This serves as the foundation for a list of trademark classes. As per the Trademark Act of 1999, India presently maintains a total of 45 patent classes. These courses are of the utmost importance in facilitating the registration procedure and proactively averting potential disputes over trademarks in the future.

Why Choose TM Class?

The trademark class list consists of 45 classes, 34 of which are for items and 11 of which are for services. Every class denotes a distinct range of goods or services, even if the class name may not explicitly say so. The trademark only protects the parameters you provide about classifications, goods, and services in your application.

Furthermore, submitting an individual trademark application for every novel product or service that pertains to an entirely distinct category is critical. This guarantees a thorough and precise registration procedure for your trademark in multiple categories.

How to Find Trademark Classes?

The subsequent principles shall assist you in ascertaining the mandatory trademark classification for your offerings:

  • Define precisely which products or services your trademark will symbolise.
  • The classification system known as Nice divides products and services into forty-five distinct classes.
  • Determine which of the classifications on the list correspond to your products or services.
  • Select the appropriate subclass from each applicable class that corresponds most closely with your offerings.
  • It is advisable to consult with legal counsel to validate the precise designation of the suitable class and subclass for your trademark.
  • The trademark application must contain the identified class and subclass information to ensure appropriate classification and protection.

When Trademark is Not Infringed

There are numerous circumstances in which it is acceptable to utilise a trademark:

  • Employing a distinct symbol: Implementing a unique trademark strategy that avoids infringement of pre-existing registrations.
  • Applying the trademark to various products or services: Giving the trademark to products or services that have nothing to do with the registered owner’s business.
  • Utilising the trademark for news reporting, commentary, or comparable purposes: Employing the brand in an authorised way for reasons such as news reporting or criticism.
  • With the owner of the trademark’s permission: Obtaining the trademark owner’s permission to utilise the mark for designated purposes.
  • When describing a product or service with the trademark: Utilising the trademark as a reference rather than a source identifier when describing a product or service.
  • The trademark proprietor has ceased using or abandoned the mark: Alleged infringers may find the trademark unenforceable if the owner has neglected or ceased using the mark for a substantial duration.

Why Is Trademark Class Essential For Your Business?

A trademark is an essential component that differentiates your enterprise from rivals and enables effortless consumer recognition.

The astute implementation of trademarks is crucial for augmenting the visibility of your products on social media, securing brand recognition, and extending your company’s reach. Trademarks are esteemed as indispensable resources within the realm of commerce.

The Advantages Of Registration Of a Trademark

Trademark registration provides protection against unauthorised use, which is one of the numerous benefits of becoming a registered trademark.

  • Helps Prevent Confusion: Provides assistance in mitigating confusion that might arise from comparable trademarks.
  • Global recognition: It allows the proprietor to expand the safeguarding of their trademark on an international scale.
  • Legal Acknowledgment: Provides the proprietor with legal recognition as the legitimate possessor of the trademark.
  • Legal Action: Grants the appropriate legal recourse in response to unauthorised usage or trademark violations.
  • Public Recognition: Contributes to the public’s perception of the trademark as an identifiable symbol.
  • Expense-Effective: This procedure signifies a direct and economical approach to logo registration.
  • Brand Representation: Enables the trademark to communicate the product’s mission, quality, and unique qualities.
  • Monetization: Constitutes the provision of the registered trademark for sale, assignment, or franchising.
  • Captivating Consumers: Captivates consumers’ attention, specifically that of younger demographics, who are frequently drawn to renowned brands.

What are Listed 35 TM Classes

As an instance of intellectual property right (IPR), a trademark grants exclusive utilisation privileges concerning a particular design, name, logo, term, or phrase. It is crucial to register a trademark to establish the brand of your company. The following are several benefits of trademark classes:

  • A registered trademark gives a product or service a unique identification that allows its owner to categorise and distinguish it.
  • Trademarks are essential for categorising various goods and services into different classifications.
  • The act of registering a trademark under a designated class bestows absolute rights upon the mark and promotes the growth and advancement of the brand.

To realise a trademark’s benefits, it is important to understand what it means:

A proprietor may register a word, name, logo, or combination thereof as a trademark to obtain monopoly rights.

The registration of a trademark is crucial to the profitability and identification of an organisation. Businesses without a trademark are vulnerable to abuse. A valid trademark shields an organisation’s name, symbol, and emblem. TM classes function as categorization aids for a variety of products and services. To properly complete the trademark registration procedure, it is essential to understand trademark classifications.

What is the Concept of Trademark Classes?

The protection of trademarks is crucial for the security of goods and services. In India, the classification of commodities and services determines the structure of the 45 TM classes. Properly selecting the trademark class is crucial to streamline registration and prevent objections.

Here are some essential aspects of TM classes:

  • Classification by commodity or service type, India possesses a total of 45 TM classes.
  • Preventing Objections: Selecting the appropriate trademark class may help avoid trademark objections, speeding up the registration process.
  • Classifications for Goods and Services: Services predominate in the other 11 divisions, with products making up 34 of the total 45.
  • Broad Range of Goods and Services: All classes provide a wide range of goods and services.
  • The candidate may select the course that corresponds most closely with the nature of their products or services.
  • To be eligible to register for a certain course, candidates must complete Form TM-1.
  • Trademark registration: To register a collective trademark, an applicant must provide Form TM-1.

Gaining an efficient understanding of the TM classes system is essential to a successful trademark registration procedure in India.

Trademark Class List for Goods

S. No Class Description
1. Class 1 Chemicals used in industry, photography, forestry, artificial resins, tanners, and adhesives, among other things.
2. Class 2 Paintings, mordants, coals & pigmentation, printing, lacquers, and art etc.
3 Class 3 Cleaning products,  laundry products, bleach and abrasives, cosmetics, essential oils etc.
4. Class 4 Fuels, greases, wetting and binding compositions, illuminates, wicks, industrial oil, etc
5. Class 5 Pharmaceuticals, fungicides, herbicides, veterinary products, disinfectants, dietetics, dental wax, etc.
6. Class 6 Metal castings,  common metal and their alloys, locks and safes, hardware, building material (metal), and other metals are not included in any other class etc.
7. Class 7 Machine parts and machines (except for land vehicles), incubators for eggs, etc.
8. Class 8 Implements and hand tools, razors and cutlery, etc
9. Class 9 Cash registers, teaching apparatus, calculating machines, magnetic data carriers, data processing equipment, etc
10. Class 10 Surgical, artificial limbs, medical and dental apparatus, eyes, teeth, etc.
11. Class 11 The apparatus is for heating, refrigerating, steam generating, cooking, dying, lighting, etc.
12. Class 12 Apparatus for locomotion by land, air and water.
13. Class 13 Ammunition, explosives, firearms, fireworks etc.
14. Class 14 Precious metals and their alloys, jewellery, products in precious metals, etc.
15. Class 15 Musical instruments, etc.
16. Class 16 Cardboard, playing cards, paper, and goods made from these materials, printing blocks, bookbinding, print matter, paint brushes, etc.
17. Class 17 Rubber, asbestos, gum, mica, and goods made from these materials are not included in other classes.
18. Class 18 Animal skins, hides, leather and imitations of leather, and articles which are made from these items and not included in other classes, etc.
19. Class 19 Non–metallic rigid pipes for buildings, pitch, asphalt, bitumen, etc.
20. Class 20 Picture frames, Furniture of wood, mirrors, reed, cork, cane, and are not included in any other category.
21. Class 21 Household and kitchen utensils, articles for cleaning purposes, brush-making material,  etc
22. Class 22 Nets, sails, ropes, sacks, bags, fibrous textile materials, strings, etc.
23. Class 23 Threads and Yams for textile uses.
24. Class 24 Textile and textile goods which are not included in the other classes.
25. Class 25 Clothing, headgear, and footwear.
26. Class 26 and 27 Non-textile carpet, linoleum, rugs, wall hangings and other materials used to cover floors.
27. Class 28 Christmas decorations. Games, playthings, and other sporting items are not covered under any other class. 
28. Class 29 Poultry items, jams, oils and edible oil, eggs etc 
29. Class 30 Coffee, tapioca, sugar, cocoa, tea, rice, spices etc.
30. Class 31 Fresh fruits and vegetables, seeds, malt, etc. Horticulture, agriculture, and forestry grains are not included in any other class. 
31. Class 32 Aerated drinks, beer, non-alcoholic drinks (including juices and fruit drinks) and other things which are used for preparing beverages.
32. Class 33 All alcoholic beverages (excluding beer)
33. Class 34 Smoker’s articles, tobacco, matches

Trademark Class List for Services

S. No Classes


1. Class 35 Advertising and business services for organizational management, covering public announcements related to goods and services.
2. Class 36 Activities related to insurance, finance, or the monetary sector.
3. Class 37 Work by contractors and subcontractors involved in building, repairing, or restoring structures.
4. Class 38 Services supporting oral or visual communication between people.
5. Class 39 Services involving storing or transporting goods by air, land, or water.
6. Class 40 Services changing a substance’s chemical or mechanical composition or others not covered in different classes.
7. Class 41 Services improving knowledge or mental capacity, including entertainment.
8. Class 42 Services or research in science, technology, computer hardware/software development, legal services, engineering, or medical research.
9. Class 43 Services providing food, temporary accommodation, or reservations, excluding specific classes 36, 39, 40, 41, and 44.
10. Class 44 Health services for humans or animals, including hygiene, medical care, first aid, and cosmetic services. Excludes services covered in classes 37, 39, 40, 41, 42, and 43.
11. Class 45 Personal or social services, monitoring safety and well-being, including matrimony and funerals. Excludes services under classes 35, 36, 39, 41, 42, 44, and car rental services.


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