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Microfinance Company: Empowering Financial Inclusion


Last Updated on June 8, 2024 by Kanakkupillai

Microfinance has developed emphatically throughout recent years, making it the most unmistakable advancement in this neediness strategy. The main benefit of microfinance in India is that it helps long-stretch money-related opportunities in the dejection-stricken districts. Microfinance helps support influence by teaching beneficiaries the most proficient method to make their organizations and how to appropriately oversee and develop their cash. In India and several other nations, the strength of microfinance is expanding rapidly. Undoubtedly, it has been fruitful in carrying formal monetary administrations to poor people. Microfinance is not a funding channel, yet it has likewise arisen as a solid conveyance channel with various credit items, repayable over a more extended timeframe. Sun-powered lights and eco-friendly ovens are some of them. In the past two years, numerous businesses have partnered with microfinance distribution channels to manufacture and sell solar products. Converting a partnership firm into a company has its benefits likely.

Need for Microfinance Company

Both financially and socially, microfinance can benefit individuals and small businesses. They make self-reliance and supportability in the monetary parts of their business. Microfinance spurs business visionaries and gives them the certainty to begin an independent venture. It additionally assists people with spending their reserve funds on necessities, like introducing power or other vital objectives. With the assistance of microfinance, independent ventures and people can place their thoughts into the real world. Microfinance provides security, monetary development, and fantastic business openings. The advantages of microfinance are as follows.

Ways To Set Up Microfinance Company

For setting up a microfinance company, we have these two ways:

These are the two ways a microfinance company setup could be done.

Necessary Condition For Registering Microfinance Company

1. As an NBFC:

  • Having RBI approval is required.
  • You ought to have a base net claimed asset of ₹5 crore.
  • One chief should have at most ten years of involvement with the help business.
  • It would help if you had the most extreme credit cutoff of 10% of the all-out resources.
  • Further, you should follow the fair treatment of framing an organization.
  • You should have at least seven individuals to enlist as a publicly restricted organization. 2 individuals will be enough for a confidential, restricted organization.

2. Under section 8 of the Companies Act:

  • RBI approval is not mandatory
  • There is no minimum requirement for net-owned funds.
  • There is no need for any prior experience for the directors.
  • You can disburse unsecured loans up to ₹50,000 to small businesses and loans up to ₹1.25 lakh to dwelling residences.
  • You must have at least two members for Section 8 microfinance company registration.

Procedure for Registering Microfinance Company

Documents Required


  • Schooling/Proficient capability confirmation of the Director
  • KYC and pay confirmation of the Director
  • Confirmation of work insight in the monetary area
  • Ongoing credit report of the Director
  • Total assets endorsement of the Director
  • Reminder of Affiliation and Articles of Affiliation
  • Joining endorsement of the organization
  • Investor’s Report about the organization
  • Investor’s Endorsement of the Net Claimed Asset
  • Itemized Activity plan about the items and chance appraisal strategy
  • Structure plan of the company.

Under section 8 of the Companies Act:

  • DPR
  • Copy of PAN, Passport/Driving license/Aadhaar Card or Voter ID of the promoters
  • Property documents
  • Property ownership documents of the office
  • Electricity bill for the last two months
  • The lease deed or rent agreement of the property
  • Income Tax returns of the promoters

Filing Procedure


  • Register the brand name as a trademark.
  • Obtain the certificate of No Lien from the bank by depositing Rs.5 crore as FD.
  • Submit the DPR with documents and project report.
  • Complete RBI formalities and get certified copies.
  • Fill out the online application.
  • Submit a copy of the application to the Regional Office of RBI.

For Section 8 of the Companies Act:

There must be at least two people involved in the registration process. A Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) and a Directors Identification Number (DIN) should be available to the company’s directors.

  • Prepare the DPR
  • apply (Form INC-1) for the approval of the Micro Finance company’s name
  • apply (Form INC-12) for a license from the Central Government
  • Following approval from the Central Government, file for the company’s incorporation.

Further, the documentation will be reviewed, and filing will take place.

Microfinance Company Registering Fees

The enrollment cost for microfinance organizations shifts depending upon the sort of organization. In addition, the enrollment cost for the Section 8 organization is ₹25,000. Also, the enrollment charges for the NBFCs drift between ₹4 to 5 lakhs as of now.


We hope our article regarding the microfinance company was productive and helpful in learning its purpose, procedural methods and role played by microfinance company, as they are all essential aspects, we know their importance, so we are glad to provide you with this informative article. For further guidance, you can contact Kanakkupillai executives.

G.Durghasree B.A.B.L (Hons)

G Durghasree B.A.B.L (Hons) is a registered trademark attorney with extensive experience as an Advocate for a period of 8 years. She possesses expertise in trademark law, including trademark filing and trademark hearings. Additionally, she is skilled in contract drafting and reviewing, providing legal advice and opinions, particularly in the areas of Company Law, Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC), and Goods and Service Tax Law (GST). Her experience encompasses both litigation and non-litigation aspects of these laws.