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Trademark Office Action: What is it and How to Respond?


Last Updated on June 5, 2024 by Swetha LLM

An office action is an official letter sent by the USPTO. In it, an examining attorney lists any legal problems with your chosen trademark, as well as with the application itself. You must resolve all legal problems in the office action before we can register your trademark.

In an office action, an examining attorney may require that you fix legal problems with the application itself (“requirements”) by making simple revisions, such as clarifying your goods or services. An examining attorney may also raise legal rejections (“refusals”), such as refusing your application because your chosen trademark is likely to be confused with an already registered trademark. However, you may not always be able to fix a requirement or a refusal.

Some office actions require a written response to fix major legal problems, others suggest calling or emailing the examining attorney to fix minor legal problems, and others may require no response at all. Read your office action carefully to determine how and whether you need to respond.

Types of Office Actions

Office activities are classified into two categories:

1) When the USPTO contacts you regarding a problem for the first time, it’s known as a non-final office action.

2) If the non-final office action’s answer fails to address the issue, a final office action is issued.

After obtaining a final office action, you have two choices:

  • Submit an appeal to the Trademark Trial and
  • Appeal Board or comply.

Additional Office Action Types

In addition to the typical non-final or final activities, you might come across the following additional types of office acts;

  • Examiners amendments are formal declarations that the modifications that were discussed over the phone or over email have been approved and carried out. They act as a receipt for requests for changes that are made.
  • The examining attorney may give notice of an incomplete response if they are giving an applicant an opportunity to make a more detailed response in order to resolve a matter. The applicant has a relatively small window of 30 days to respond to these official activities.
  • When an application needs to be placed on hold outside of the examination process, suspension letters are sent out. Every six months, applications that have been suspended are examined to see if they can be finished.
  • You may run into a variety of office activities, and being aware of how to appropriately respond to them will help you handle these situations correctly.

Reasons for Issuing an Office Action

The review of your application for a trademark can show a number of problems that lead to office actions and necessitate further effort to resolve, such as:

  • The application’s aim is unclear due to poor writing and technical or grammatical errors.
  • Inadequate examples of the trademark’s intended usage are provided.
  • If the attorney who is examining finds that a mark that is already on file or an application that was submitted earlier than yours is sufficiently similar to create confusion.
  • An attempt to register a geographical term used as a trademark, an excessively broad term, or too descriptive.
  • If you receive an office action, you should review the errors in your application right away and answer immediately.

Responding to a Trademark Office Action

One of the most important steps in the trademark registration process can be receiving a Trademark Office Action. Being able to react quickly and efficiently is crucial. The process for reacting to a Trademark Office Action is described below:

1. Examine the Office Action with caution

Examine the Trademark Office Action’s material in its entirety first. Understanding all of the concerns brought forth and adding any objections or additional requirements is crucial. The first step in developing a suitable response to the office action is to understand the details of the action.

2. Get Expert Advice

Think about obtaining knowledgeable advice from a qualified trademark attorney like Kanakkupillai, especially if the problems brought up in the office actions seem challenging or complicated. An experienced lawyer might provide expert direction on managing the response process, offering insightful advice and useful tactics for the optimal course of action.

3. Collect Proof

You may need to obtain evidence if the office action raises concerns about your mark’s uniqueness or similarity to already-registered trademarks. This evidence might come in the form of market research data, consumer surveys, or documentation of widespread use of the mark. Gathering solid proof is necessary for making your argument stronger.

4. Get Ready to Reply

Create a coherent response based on your understanding of the matters at hand and the guidance provided by your legal attorney. You should address all of the points raised up in the office action in your thorough answer. Make convincing justifications for why the registration of your trademark shall be approved. When providing explanations, be succinct but detailed.

5. Keep the Reply Filed

It’s important to be on time. Make sure you submit your response by the deadline stated in the office action. Your trademark application may be dropped if the deadline is missed. In order to account for the unexpected holdups, it is recommended that you reply ahead of time.

6. Keep an Eye on the Application

Following the submission of your response, it’s critical to keep an eye on the progress of your trademark application. The Trademark Office has the authority to acquire further information or take further office actions. It is imperative that you continue to pay attention and respond to any additional correspondence quickly to ensure that your application is moving forward.

The USPTO prefers to receive responses to office actions electronically through two modes:

1) By Phone or Email

The fastest approach to make corrections to your application is to reply via phone or email. However, basic changes are typically the only ones for which a phone call or email response is appropriate. These minor adjustments could be things like providing more information about your products or services.

It is important to note that any email correspondence will be included in your application file and made public record.

2) Electronic Application System for Trademarks (TEAS)

Applicants may also use the USPTO’s electronic services system to reply to the trademark office action. Making edits requires first creating an account. You can correct any required field using this way as precisely as feasible. It is best to seek the assistance of a knowledgeable lawyer at this point so they can make sure all pertinent information is included.

Strategies for Responding

Take into consideration these suggestions to make sure your office action response does its job:

  • To solve the issue, modify your language: It may be necessary to use simple, non-technical language when responding to a small procedural matter. Nonetheless, a technological solution can be required if the problem is more complex. Carefully read the office action; it will probably provide you with some wording for your answer.
  • Pay great attention to the office activity: It will probably tell you what terms to use in your response.
  • Examine the matter: Make sure you comprehend the office action before responding to it appropriately. Understanding the issue in its entirety is crucial before taking any action, regardless of whether you choose to use a trademark attorney or conduct the study yourself.
  • Address every concern: A single office action may disclose several application-related issues. Make sure to address every issue in your response.

The deadline for responding to actions taken by the Trademark Office

A trademark office action’s deadline cannot be extended, in contrast to that of patent office actions. The six months from the Office Action’s issuing date is the non-extendable period for responses. As a result, there are no further deadlines for responding to an Office Action related to a trademark. Therefore, if you haven’t hired a trademark attorney yet, be sure to mark this date on your calendar.

Typical Forms of Rejections in Trademark Office Actions

The following list includes some common forms of rejection:

  • Use of the Wrong Trademark Application Form;
  • Wrong Trademark Applicant Name; and
  • Inability to File the Trademark Form TM-48
  • Wrong address on a trademark application
  • Ambiguous product or service description
  • The trademark is same or comparable
  • The trademark is misleading and
  • Trademark lacks uniqueness.

Responses to Professional Trademark Office Actions

Never give someone else credit for the effort you’ve put in. Our knowledgeable staff will walk you through each stage to ensure that the application for a trademark is accepted. Get in touch with us right now to protect your wonderful idea!


A crucial step in the process of registering a trademark is a Trademark Office Action, in which the Trademark Office examines applications to make sure they comply with legal criteria. Its purpose is to pinpoint problems, objections, and discrepancies within the application. An effective response requires carefully reading the Office Action, consulting professionals when necessary, and giving succinct, to-the-point answers, when necessary, along with supporting documentation. It is imperative that criteria be followed and that deadlines be met on time. In order to safeguard trademark registration, protect brand identity, and ensure adherence to trademark regulations, it is crucial to successfully address an Office Action.


1) How Should a Trademark Office Action Be Managed?

The trademark experts in Kanakkupillai can assist you with a trademark office action; they can manage the entire process from beginning to end on your behalf.

2) Is it possible for me to reschedule my office action response deadline?

No. Your office action response deadline may only be prolonged once. The deadline is set at three months, and it can only be expanded once, for a total of three further months.

3) What occurs if I forget the deadline for my office action?

You can submit a Petition to Revive Abandoned Application – Failure to Respond Timely to Office Action form if you fail to respond to the office action by the deadline. This usually needs to be finalized in two months after the Notice of Abandonment is sent.

4) What are substantive and procedural office actions?

Although the USPTO does not expressly employ these classifications, office activities might be broadly categorized as substantive or procedural. While procedural office actions usually address more minor matters, such as appeals for more information, substantial office actions tend to deal with the bigger issues, like rejecting the probability of confusion.

Swetha LLM

Swetha, LLM, a lawyer with skills in writing legal content, is passionate about simplifying complex legal concepts and engaging readers with her insights of nuanced legal ideas. She is able to preserve the accuracy of legal material while adjusting the tone and style to fit the audience.