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What is the BSR Code?

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  • Post published:December 8, 2023
  • Post category:Taxation


Last Updated on January 12, 2024 by Kanakkupillai

The BSR Code is distributed to all Indian banks by the Reserve Bank of India. The code consists of seven numbers, the first three of which serve as the bank’s identification and the remaining four as the branch’s. BSR is used for filling TDS returns and TCS returns. 

It allows the bank to keep track of each online tax payment produced, and the income tax authority may obtain information about transactions made through banks thanks to this record. It is used for tax collection by the government and banks, not for payment networks. 

What advantages come with using BSR codes?

Basic Statistical Return Codes offer several significant benefits. Among them are:

Income Taxation Abroad: International tax laws maintain that a bank’s code is required when transferring money overseas. Tax authorities may more easily monitor money an individual sends to another country thanks to the code. The code is necessary if the funds are being sent through an international bank in India.

BSR codes are required for senior persons to obtain pension plans without any problems. The codes simplify the process of gathering all the data about a particular bank branch and facilitating the seamless transfer of pensions. To be eligible for this benefit, seniors must tell their bank branch about their retirement and submit their account number and Basic Statistical Return Code.

Taxation: The aforementioned Income Tax Department relies on Basic Statistical Return Codes to publish challan information online and to collect and compile statistics on taxes paid through banks.

Foreign transactions: For a bank to approve a foreign transaction from India, the BSR code is one prerequisite that must be met. It facilitates the tax authorities’ ability to follow an individual’s transfer to a foreign nation.

Which categories are used to group BSR codes?

The committee was tasked with ensuring a constant flow of the necessary data, and its overall framework for the statistical reporting system provides the basis for classifying Basic Statistical Codes. 

Bank BSR codes come in seven different varieties.  The committee was tasked with ensuring a constant flow of the necessary data, and its overall framework for the statistical reporting system provides the basis for classifying Basic Statistical Codes. 

BSR 1 – Advances from every location are subject to a half-yearly refund on the last Friday of June and December. It is separated into Part I, which is for banks with limits over Rs. 10,000, and Part II, which is for accounts with limitations under Rs. 10,000.

BSR 2 – Half-yearly return deposits are accepted from every location on the last Fridays in December and June.

BSR 3 – On the last Friday of the month, Head Offices reimburse monthly advances secured by a limited number of highly sensitive commodities.

BSR 4 – Every two years, on the last Friday of March, all branches will submit their Return on Ownership of Bank Deposits (which will replace the present annual survey from head offices). 

BSR 5 – On the last day of March, the Head Office will provide the yearly return on Bank Investments (in conformity with the Survey of Bank Investments). 

BSR 6 – The quarterly Debits to Deposit Accounts Survey is conducted annually between April and March.

BSR 7 – Bank Head Offices conducted an annual poll on total deposits and net bank credit on the last Friday of March, June, September, and December. 

BSR Codes: Where do they appear?

Most of the time, BSR codes are used for filing TDS and TCS forms.  This code helps banks maintain an accurate record of all electronic tax payments, which the banks then provide to the Income Tax Department.  The following papers frequently use BSR codes: Individual Challan Identification Numbers (CINs) are assigned to every challan. 

Uses of BSR Codes

The following are the three main advantages of BSR codes.

  • BSR Codes let international tax authorities follow a person’s payments to a foreign jurisdiction.
  • BSR Codes collect all of a bank branch’s information and let elderly folks get their pensions sooner.
  • The Income Tax Department publishes the specifics of the challan and uses BSR numbers to receive and collect information, including taxes paid through banks.

The Distinction between IFSC Codes and BSR Codes

IFSC and BSR codes serve the same purpose of helping recognize a bank uniquely, which is why they are identical. On the other hand, each case’s use of figures to convey the facts varies greatly from the other. IFSC codes include 11 letters, whereas BSR codes only contain seven digits. 

In summary, bank tax reporting often becomes too challenging to track down. However, BSR codes come to the rescue by making the tracking process more efficient and effective.

What Relationship is There Between CIN and BSR Codes?

A 20-digit unique identification number called a challan identification number (CIN) is issued on the taxpayer’s counterfoil. The CIN number includes the Basic Statistical Return Code, which is paired with the eight-digit Challan code and the five-digit Deposit Date.

What sets the Challan Identification Number distinct from the BSR code?

The Challan Identification Number is part of the Basic Statistical Return Code that the RBI of India distributes to every bank that is registered in the country. The CIN, which is a distinct 20-digit number, is found on the taxpayer’s counterfoil. A unique combination is formed by the challan number and the BSR code connected to the CIN number.

BSR Code Applications

The strategic design and execution of the BSR Code has integrated itself deeply within the Indian banking system, enabling several vital activities. Some of its main applications are listed below.

  1. Processing Tax Returns: BSR Codes are necessary for Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) and Tax Collected at Source (TCS) return filing. Because each code is exclusive to a particular bank branch, transactions about tax deductions and collections are guaranteed to be accurate and traceable.
  2. Improved Traceability: By adding this code to banking transactions, each one may be linked to a particular bank and branch. It increases accountability and transparency, strengthening public confidence in the financial sector.
  3. Statistical Data Collection: BSR Codes are a technique used by the Reserve Bank of India to gather comprehensive operational statistics on all registered banks and their branches. This abundance of data facilitates regulatory, policy-making, and analytical tasks.

The BSR Code’s Function

In India, the BSR Code is essential for simplifying and enhancing the tax return process by introducing a level of precision, openness, and effectiveness. Here, we examine its essential function in this vital financial process.

Recognition and Trackability:

In India, the BSR Code is essential to submitting tax returns since it makes it easier to pinpoint the exact bank and branch wherever the tax payment is made. Because every seven-digit number is distinct, every transaction can be tracked down, and every payment can be verified. To ensure that the tax records are correct and trustworthy, traceability is critical in reducing mistakes and anomalies.

Verification of Transactions:

The tax payment challan quotes the BSR Code of the bank branch that accepts the payment made by taxpayers towards their income tax. This procedure verifies the transaction by associating the payment with the payer and guaranteeing a methodical record of every transaction. It streamlines and improves the efficiency of the system as a whole by making the confirmation and reconciliation processes easier.

Data Correctness:

The income tax authorities may guarantee data correctness by using the BSR Code to link each payment to a particular bank branch. It removes doubt and guarantees that the information gathered is accurate, trustworthy, and easily verifiable. This precision is crucial for taxpayers, financial institutions, and tax authorities to guarantee that all parties have access to clear and correct information.

Compliance and Reporting:

Compliance is further aided by the BSR Code’s integration into tax returns in India. It ensures that every transaction is accurately documented in the official ledgers and conforms with specified regulatory standards. By making the documentation process more credible, this approach makes it easier for authorities to audit, assess, and examine fiscal records.


The BSR Code’s obstacles in India are:

  • The functionality and advantages of BSR Codes are not completely known to a considerable section of the community, even banking professionals. This indicates an awareness gap.
  • Technological Integration: It is difficult to integrate BSR Codes into the ever-changing digital banking landscape.
  • Data management: The sheer amount of data and transactions that need to be handled occasionally overwhelms the current systems.


In India, the BSR Code plays a crucial role in the country’s financial system by guaranteeing transaction efficiency, accountability, and correctness. Innovative approaches like digital transformation and training are being adopted to maximise its value despite obstacles like public awareness and technological integration. The BSR Code is a tool that improves dependability and openness in financial transactions, not only a numerical identification. In India’s vast and varied financial ecosystem, its function is fundamental in linking the conventional and contemporary banking landscapes and offering a future of improved efficiency, openness, and security.


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